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Why Ghosts Don't Exist

Updated on December 1, 2012

Logic

Studies have shown that if there is a disconnection between your mind and your body when you are either going into or coming out of REM (rapid eye movement sleep), sleep paralysis or 'waking dreams' can occur. In waking dreams you are awake, but you feel like you can't move or are 'paralyzed' as if you were asleep. During sleep paralysis your mind can come up with all sorts of hallucinations. Some people have witnessed intruders or ghosts and some people have even had a sense of impending doom or believe they are being killed. It's very common and to me seems the most logical explanation for ghost sightings, it also explains other things such as why it seems ghosts only come out at night. Did you never wonder why ghosts have a weird aversion towards the day time?

More logic

Ever felt like someones watching you? Or had an inexplicable feeling of fear or terror? This could be due to infrasound. Infrasound is a sound lower than 20 hertz, which is below the lower limit of human audibility. You can't consciously hear the sound but your ears can still sense it. The fact your conscious mind can't understand where these sensory inputs are coming from completley messes with your emotions causing your body to create the feeling of fear, dread or panic.

Contradictions

Newtons laws of motion state that 'for every action there is an equal and opposite reaction'. If ghosts walk then they must be applying a force to the ground and the ground must be applying an equal force on the ghost. This means that ghosts must be made of matter and not energy as pure energy would not be able to stay on the floor without passing through it.
Also sticking to the theory that ghosts are made of energy how can we explain the myth that when ghosts enter a room the temperature suddenly drops? When a hot object is put next to a cold one in order for the hot object to cool down heat energy flows from it and into the cold one. This would work if ghosts were made of matter as they would be able to absorb the heat energy of the room and reduce the temperature, but as they are supposedly made of energy the typical belief that ghostly presences cause sudden chills is false.

Ghosts only come in human form

This is because it's conveniently what we want to see. A ghost is generally believed to be a deceased persons soul or spirit that has the same appearances of when that person was alive. Animals die too, but do you ever hear of a field of ghost sheep? Or a cat floating around at the end of someones bed?

I hope that I've given you all something to think about! Next time you believe you've had some kind of ghost related experience, think logically before believing everything the media has forced us to believe about the paranormal!
:)

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    • Apostle Jack profile image

      Apostle Jack 5 years ago from Atlanta Ga

      I have see them,what about that?

    • Kim Cantrell profile image

      Kim Cantrell 5 years ago from Deep In The Pages of a Book

      I've weighed both sides of the debate, and still have not chosen a side. Truthfully, chances are I never will. I can be a real fence sitter like that. :)

    • Anthropophobia profile image
      Author

      Anthropophobia 5 years ago

      Ahh yes, I feel the evidence towards them not existing outweighs the evidence of them existing. I've never really believed in them, they've always seemed sort of a myth or fantasy to me even when I was young.:)

    • Philanthropy2012 profile image

      DK 5 years ago from London

      Ghosts are ridiculous concepts! There is as much foundation for their existence as there is for Santa Claus. voted up and interesting as always ant :)

    • Anthropophobia profile image
      Author

      Anthropophobia 5 years ago

      Haha yes I agree. Thank you! :)

    • tammyswallow profile image

      Tammy 5 years ago from North Carolina

      Great point about the counter reaction.. but I have seen and I believe.. I love a good debate. Great hub.

    • Dee42 profile image

      Dee42 5 years ago from Beautiful Arkansas

      Mmmm, this story made me stop-and-read. I really like the debate on this! Cool hub.

    • Anthropophobia profile image
      Author

      Anthropophobia 5 years ago

      Thank you! :)

    • profile image

      Anonymous 5 years ago

      I've had a paranormal experience happen to me that I have no other way of explaining other than a ghost. I wasn't even thinking of ghosts when it happened but I was in (what they call) a highly paranormal location... In Gettysburg, PA. The event is still fresh in my head, I didn't see a ghost, but I'm very positive that one interacted with the hotel room I was staying in, considering the moving objects and footsteps when all other rooms around me were vacant. And it wasn't an instant that's-got-to-be-a-ghost theory, I tried debunking the whole thing every way possible.

      Not only that. it's my only paranormal experience and it happened during the day time. I've heard of friends seeing ghosts of dogs, and know pictures of ghost dogs before the "photoshop era" (literally saw them in physical form), although my only evidence for non-human ghosts are only dog ghosts.

      I've read up on ghosts and the spirit world, although there is not much proof, it's more like a personal thing, and there is a lot of scientific evidence that can debunk a lot of ghost stories out there. I believe your debate makes sense, I've heard and experimented with infrasound, but just as science hasn't explained everything in the universe, we can't really immediately disapprove the existence of ghosts. With your Newton's Law theory, in another article I read that ghosts could be technically made up of an electromagnetic field, although electromagnetic fields can be massless, massless things still gravitate.

      Very interesting, made me think, I'm still a believer in ghosts, it's going to take a lot to convince me what I went through in Gettysburg was my imagination.

    • Apostle Jack profile image

      Apostle Jack 5 years ago from Atlanta Ga

      I have seen what you say don't exist. That,is evidence. Should i say the occurrence didn't happen just because you did not see it?

    • Philanthropy2012 profile image

      DK 5 years ago from London

      Apostle Jack, there are people who tell us that they have seen Jesus, there are people who tell us that they are Jesus. Though until there is any way of showing other human beings that this is indeed the case, these people will be put into very special homes.

      There are such things as hallucinations, coincidences, and human error.

      There are many reasons for ghosts not to exist, these are listed in this hub. There are no reasons to believe ghosts do exist.

      Unless you can explain what you saw, and precisely how it happened, your seeing the ghost has as much relevance as my telling you that I saw Godzilla strolling through my local supermarket.

    • Apostle Jack profile image

      Apostle Jack 5 years ago from Atlanta Ga

      For one to believe what others have said more than what they have seen.....then they are not well.

      I am a witness for the Almighty beyond schools of world education. All doubt should cease about anything....when you can touch it, and see it work. If it fit.......it belong.

      If it don't fit.......don't force it.

    • Philanthropy2012 profile image

      DK 5 years ago from London

      If you can touch it and see it work, record it.

      Otherwise, assume that it was an hallucination.

    • Apostle Jack profile image

      Apostle Jack 5 years ago from Atlanta Ga

      Fire always leave a mark,and it is recorded in experience.

      Words and,hear-say don't count.I bear the mark and the evidence.

    • Philanthropy2012 profile image

      DK 5 years ago from London

      Evidence is something that you can show to others. What you have, is lying.

    • Apostle Jack profile image

      Apostle Jack 5 years ago from Atlanta Ga

      Are you one of those that ate the apple and let others convince you that you did not? Some actually do allow themselves to be misled.We each have a choice.

    • Philanthropy2012 profile image

      DK 5 years ago from London

      I'm one of those that eats apples for dietary fibre, not one that refers to old wives' tales as some sort of support for his points.

      Ironic that you preach of misleading in the context of Bible stories. Misleading is the oldest trick in the book ;)

      If we took everyone's opinions as proof for the existence of anything that they say, then we will revert back to the feudal age, where we will all pray, sacrifice, and adhere to the will of the smartest pinocchio out there :)

    • Apostle Jack profile image

      Apostle Jack 5 years ago from Atlanta Ga

      You speak of ,tricks,tales and stories as if that is what it is all about. Each phase is symbolic and must be translated before it is clearly understood. Sometimes the hardest thing to see is that which is in front of you.

    • Anthropophobia profile image
      Author

      Anthropophobia 5 years ago

      To refer back to your first comment @Apostle Jack, I'm not saying that what you experienced 'didn't happen'. I'm saying what you experienced was not a Ghost, and by Ghost I mean an apparition of a dead person. There are many reasons that are a lot more realistic that explain what you saw. Why jump to the childish and unfounded conclusion that it is a Ghost without considering the more sensible and pragmatic options(like the ones listed above)?

    • Philanthropy2012 profile image

      DK 5 years ago from London

      "Each phase is symbolic and must be translated before it is clearly understood. Sometimes the hardest thing to see is that which is in front of you."

      Oh that's right, each phase is symbolic and must be translated. It must be pretty hard to get it right though, 40,000 Christian sects seem to say so. Why would you pretend like your interpretation is the best? Remember, each of the other 39,999 are telling me that they had "experiences" too. Your problem is proof. You have none.

    • profile image

      Apostle jack 4 years ago

      I do not believe in christianity because I find it lacks logic. I feel the same about ghosts. I've had my doubts and do get scared but there is always a more likely explanation. If I heard a sound that sounded like knocking, it seems more logical that it was a pipe in the wall making a noise, right?

    • Apostle Jack profile image

      Apostle Jack 4 years ago from Atlanta Ga

      Ghost and spirit are the same thing.They are 2 words having the same explanation. They are both of"celestial existence" . My spirit has been allowed by God to behold His spiritual wonders of our existence of supernatural reality. That tells me that the words ..."it never happen"...is not included in the equation. It is a matter of proof without a doubt. And so.....I put pen to paper.

    • profile image

      Erick 4 years ago

      The fact that this guy's name is Apostle Jack gives me all the proof I need to know he's lying and that he's doing everything he can to convince others, like all the christians do. Still, there's no evidence, but who needs evidence when you have faith right?

    • Philanthropy2012 profile image

      DK 4 years ago from London

      Haha, I agree Erick :)

    • profile image

      williesco 4 years ago

      its real ghost who every wrote this is not ah follower of christ and the can go to hell with the rest of the demons and the person who wrots dis ssssuucckk diick u retart

    • Anthropophobia profile image
      Author

      Anthropophobia 4 years ago

      Thank you for those kind words @williesco, if God were real, I'm sure he'd be proud of you.

    • Philanthropy2012 profile image

      DK 4 years ago from London

      ^ wow... That was some good English... But I guess you get what you pay for when you base your education on an antiquated tome.

    • twosheds1 profile image

      twosheds1 4 years ago

      The irony, it burns us!

      Great hub! The question I've always asked is, why do ghost always appeared clothed? Did their clothes die with them? And why do ghosts always appear in "Victorian" dress? Why not Edwardian?

    • Michele Travis profile image

      Michele Travis 4 years ago from U.S.A. Ohio

      It is true that ghosts do not exist. However demons do. They fool people into thinking they see ghosts, but once people die, they simply go to "sleep" They remember nothing, they see nothing, they simply are in the ground until God calls them up. There are many verses in the bible that show us that demons exist, but ghosts do not.

    • profile image

      Meg 4 years ago

      THANK YOU!!!!! I thought I was going insane:) I keep feeling like someone is standing behind me in my bathroom. It must be infrasound.

    • Michele Travis profile image

      Michele Travis 4 years ago from U.S.A. Ohio

      You are probably right. And I think the people who " see " ghosts are really either going insane or watching way to much tv!

    • Wakerra profile image

      Wakerra 4 years ago

      "There is no such thing as immaterial matter. All spirit is matter, but it is more fine or pure, and can only be discerned by purer eyes". Ghosts basically are our spirits, just outside of our bodies. we all can't always see Spirits, however some are given this gift. Its often known as the "sixth sense". Just as everybody is born with talents and gifts, the sixth sense is one of them. And like all gifts and talents, they can be developed if you don't have it, or perfected if you do

    • profile image

      po 4 years ago

      hee hee...........ghosts :}

    • profile image

      TheFranko 4 years ago

      This is a nice hub. I haven't seen a ghost yet, but I think I believe in them. :)

    • Philanthropy2012 profile image

      DK 4 years ago from London

      Franko, why. :(

    • profile image

      TheFranko 4 years ago

      There is a story in my family that I somehow believe, it concerns my great-grandmother who died a couple of years ago, plus the story was told by the nuns what makes me believe it even more. Here's the point:

      My great-grandmother was a very religious person. She lived near a church and had a great reputation among the nuns. She had a garden with some apple and pear trees and every year, when the fruits were falling down the trees, she was collecting them to share with the nuns living nearby. She used to knock at their window, standing with a basket full of delicious fruits, waiting for them to take some. In return for her gifts, the nuns were coming to her house twice a week to check on her and talk a little since she lived alone and felt kind of lonely.

      During the summer, my dad got a phone call from his mother, claiming that the great-grandma had died. When he arrived at the scene he found out his mother was right. Dad saw a nun who looked thrilled. She told him the story that happened the night preceding my great-grandma's death.

      Around 2 a.m. the noun heard a loud banging at the window so she got out of bed and went closer to find out who the newcomer was. To her amazement, there was no one outside the building. She went back to bed and again heard some noises. This time they were coming from the corridor. Even though they had a cat, the sounds were different, as those of a person. She said she had clearly heard some heavy steps. She prayed to God and fell asleep.

      When my dad spoke with the coroner, he said that my great-grandma had died around 2 a.m. so the story of a nun was reasonable. Maybe my great-grandma wanted to say goodbye and see the nun for the last time? I have no idea but I hope she rests in heaven now.

      The story is a huge mistake and no one knows what really happened there at the nuns' house but even though I haven't seen any ghosts in my entire life, I believe in them.

      I hope that explains my previous post. Thank you for reading. :)

    • TommieG43 profile image

      Thomas Grady 4 years ago from Alpine, CA

      I have read your article, I do not find any logic in it at all. What you are saying is cause for speculation. Your own writings you say, "Seems to "ME" That this is the most logical explanation" So where is it that you have come up with this logic? I have seen none. Not ALL Ghost sightings are seen right after someone has just woken up or getting ready to go to sleep. Your facts are not facts at all. RESEARCH, you really need to do more of it. "Ghosts" do not only seem to come out at night..where did you get this information from? You also seem to have an evrsion from the existence of "GOD"! so to me that also explains a lot of your article...we can debate this further if you like,,,at anypoint hit me up..I will be doing "Ghost" Hubs as well however mine will be with real facts and logic!

    • Anthropophobia profile image
      Author

      Anthropophobia 4 years ago

      You don't have to do research to realise that ghosts and god do not exist, just a bit of logic and intelligence. The thought of someone believing in, let alone defending, such nonsense makes me laugh. You say my hub is based on speculation, isn't the whole concept of ghosts is based on speculation? I don't wish to waste any of my time debating with you about such things because intolerant and deluded people like yourself will never admit that what they believe is incorrect. I'll check out your hubs when you've finished them, I'm sure they'll be entertaining and I'm always looking for more things to destroy my faith in humanity. Thank you for stopping by and good luck with finding 'facts' and 'knowledge' about the existence of ghosts - I can assure you no such knowledge exists.

    • Philanthropy2012 profile image

      DK 4 years ago from London

      Hey Casper the Un-friendly ghost,

      I see you manage to state that there is no factual or logical basis for not believing in ghosts in this hub whilst at the same time ignoring all of the scientific and logical basis for not believing in ghosts in this hub.

      Very good. Bravo.

      For instance:

      "Newtons laws of motion state that 'for every action there is an equal and opposite reaction'. If ghosts walk then they must be applying a force to the ground and the ground must be applying an equal force on the ghost. This means that ghosts must be made of matter and not energy as pure energy would not be able to stay on the floor without passing through it."

      I'd like to see how you, as a superiorly intelligent, rational and factual man would explain thousands of years of sound science and ignore all that we have come to understand in explaining some sort of logical way that something so clearly unrealistic can be real.

      Thanks,

      Philanthropy.

    • TommieG43 profile image

      Thomas Grady 4 years ago from Alpine, CA

      Bravo Philanthropy!

      Now for Anthropophobia. I'm afraid it is not I who will fail to admit defeat! I have seen people come and go with their beliefs. Show me your "LOGIC and INTELLIGENCE" in KNOWING there is NO God or Ghosts! I am ALWAYS ready for debate at any time. FACTS. son there are more SCIENTIFIC facts than you think. The problem is, when you fail to believe the things you are reading NOTHING becomes facutal and you fall right back to where you started from.

    • Anthropophobia profile image
      Author

      Anthropophobia 4 years ago

      Please, I would love to hear a SCIENTIFIC fact regarding the existence of ghosts. Feel free to share some with me. You keep on reiterating the fact that you are ready for a debate but you have yet to share an FACTUAL argument as to why ghosts exist - as far as I'm aware 'bravo' doesn't constitute an argument. So why don't we start with you answering Philanthropy's question, is the passage above not based on years of scientific research thus making it a VALID, LOGICAL and SCIENTIFICALLY PROVEN argument?

    • TommieG43 profile image

      Thomas Grady 4 years ago from Alpine, CA

      I do have a job and don't live on the computer...lol I cannot be on this site everyday!! I will be putting some things together this week and will post them here.

    • profile image

      Aki 4 years ago

      You do not have the ability to talk much on it! Because you do not have the knowledge!

      I have seen it!

      only once!

      and it was not in the form of human beings!

      i have always disbelieved in these things.. until recently......

      it was purely energy above me.... and i could see it's shadow on the other side of the room.

      it was real..

    • Philanthropy2012 profile image

      DK 4 years ago from London

      @Aki

      So it was "energy" that cast a "shadow," and even made the conscious effort of being "above" you?

    • Anna Haven profile image

      Anna Haven 4 years ago from Scotland

      Interesting debate, quite heated on occasion. We will all find out one day.........

    • TommieG43 profile image

      Thomas Grady 4 years ago from Alpine, CA

      Death. It’s the end of our life and thusly the end of our conscious physical existence. This is what most of us have been taught to believe from the time of our birth. However, throughout history mankind has asked “Is this eternal finale really the end?” Many times when we have a paranormal experience we accept it under the façade of our mind playing tricks on us, that we are overtired, or some other similar pretense that we can easily and comfortably assure ourselves of. Paranormal experiences happen to people more often than they would be comfortable knowing about. This is not to say that every event that we can not readily explain should be called paranormal. On the contrary - we should view all potential paranormal events with a skeptical eye until we find that there is no other plausible or logical explanation for what has taken place. Most paranormal events take place just out of range of human perception, but there are times, because the fields of existence border each other so closely, that they intermingle with each other. Barring religious and philosophical arguments we must look to physics and physiology to explain, at least in part, what happens when a ghostly manifestation takes place.

      In order to better understand how a ghost manifests we must start with the basics - a rudimentary look at our own physiology. Recalling high school Biology you may already know that when your heart beats it pumps blood throughout the circulatory system so that it may deliver oxygen and nutrients to the body while removing wastes and toxins. What you may not know is that the human heart, during the process of this natural rhythmic cycle, also produces a regulatory 60 Hertz (Hz) bioelectric pulse. Your brain also produces a similar 60 Hz bioelectric pulse that is distributed throughout the body via the spinal cord and the peripheral nervous system. What does this have to do with ghosts? Essentially, everything and here’s why.

      The First Law of Thermodynamics which is paraphrased here states that: “…energy can neither be created nor destroyed, only transformed…” This would mean, in a sense, that the 60 Hz bioelectric impulses from your heart and brain cannot be destroyed; only changed. When this transformation occurs, which is typically understood to be at the time of physical death, the Second Law of Thermodynamics takes effect. The Second Law of Thermodynamics states that “…energy is dispersed from a core source and will radiate outward in a symmetrical pattern until acted upon.” In light of this, human energies upon death of the physical body generally disperse in a natural manner in accord with the Second Law of Thermodynamics and nothing more occurs within the process. However, there are times when the energy leaves the body upon physical death and does not disperse as dictated by the Second Law. These exceptions are the origins, the very beginnings of a ghost. In the cases where the Second Law has been circumvented and the circumstances for anomalous creation is right, we must then identify the Genesis Mechanism. That is, what caused the ghost to be in that particular place? Death? Love? Unfinished business? Damnation? The reasons for debating why ghosts “come back” to haunt a place are almost as varied and heavily argued as the existence of ghosts themselves.

      After reading the latter portion of the article about the First Law you may be thinking that it sounds as if everyone who dies becomes a ghost. That is not the case at all as the Second Law of Thermodynamics prohibits that sort of event from occurring in most situations. Because of almost infinite variables the circumstances are right for only a relatively small percentage of human energies to actually become ghosts. In the situations where the circumstances are right and the energies do amass to a great enough degree to generate a fragment of consciousness they are generally found to be bound by a linear association near the place of physical death. This means that although true ghosts are free-roaming entities, manifesting and moving about as they please, they are still “bound” in a sense to a certain place where their energy resides or is tied to, which is usually the place where the Genesis Mechanism occurred. This is not a physical binding obviously, as a ghost is comprised of bioelectric energy. Rather it is a case of covalent electron bonding where the ghost’s energy has become a part of that place or object due to an electron deficit or a negating of a valence field, hence the ability to use EMF meters effectively. This bonding can be considered to be a secondary effect which has been created by the primary cause, the Genesis Mechanism. The binding of a ghost to a certain place is a double-sided concept. Although the Genesis Mechanism causes the ghost to be “placed” within a certain geographic location the actual bonding of the entity to that place is performed entirely through the covalent bonding of the ghost’s energy to that place. Ghosts are also “bound” in a sense by their own fragments of consciousness. Like humans, ghosts are creatures of habit and when the fragment of consciousness again becomes self-aware they think that they are who they were in life and usually tend to carry on as if they were still living. This means that their memories and personality would also carry over with their energies and they would then tend to have the same habits and personality traits that they did in life.

      Over time a ghost’s energy may dissipate to a point where the consciousness fades and it is no longer self-aware. In this state the ghost’s energy may lie dormant until its cell is disturbed or reactivated. Disturbance of the energies is a relatively straightforward action that obviously creates enough of a change in the energy of the surrounding environment to “awaken” the ghost’s consciousness. Reactivation, however, requires a trigger mechanism to act as a catalyst. Unlike a Genesis Mechanism a trigger mechanism is a bit trickier to define as they are innumerable and almost impossible to predict as each situation is unique and has its own set of specific circumstances and variables. As with the Genesis Mechanism these triggers are highly variable and can range from intangible energy such as emotional stresses and extremes to physical acts such as trauma and violence. What all of the previous information in this article points to is that under the right circumstances the bioelectric energy within the human body coupled with a Genesis Mechanism and the physics of the First and Second Laws of Thermodynamics can potentially lead to the creation of an anomalous bioelectric manifestation – a ghost.

      Even with the strong evidence presented in this article, as well as that found throughout Haunted Times Magazine, there will always be skeptics. With the mounting tide of accurate scientific research, the data compiled continues to support the existence of ghosts. This burden of evidence supports the continued scientific efforts in the field of paranormal research. The various works in this magazine hold true to the scientific vision of that burden.

      By Brian Schill....IPRF Inc.

    • Anthropophobia profile image
      Author

      Anthropophobia 4 years ago

      'Like humans, ghosts are creatures of habit' and 'This means that their memories and personality would also carry over with their energies' are 2 of many things wrong with your comment. If the 'bioelectric energy' that you referred to couldn't be destroyed due to the first law of thermodynamics, it still would not be able to manifest itself into a whole conscious, thoughtful, sentient being - that is physically impossible.

      You also might want to read my hub on chemical bonding (the word 'chemical' being the focal point). Energy has no matter and therefore does not have atoms that are capable of covalently bonding to anything.

      I wont even comment on the 'Genesis Mechanism' as it has no scientific basis and is based purely on speculation.

    • Philanthropy2012 profile image

      DK 4 years ago from London

      @TommieG

      Argument from prestigious jargon.

      With the poor understanding of almost every scientific principle and every law that you have applied in your above argument, I sincerely hope that this was a troll.

      The 60 Hz you speak of is of course the activity of the heart's AVN and SAN and this electrical impulse is a result of (just like every thought we have) the jumping of ions across the nodes of ranvier that populate the nervous system.

      You have misunderstood the concept of 'bio-electrical pulse' which seems to the crux of your theory.

      I'm sorry if this comes as a surprise to you, but at least now you may sleep easy at night knowing that there aren't any 'ghosts' bound to single atoms in your house.

      When it comes to trying to explain ghosts with science, I'm afraid you stand only a ghost of a chance.

    • TommieG43 profile image

      Thomas Grady 4 years ago from Alpine, CA

      @Philanthropy2012

      Why would you assume I have a poor understanding of every scientific law that I have mentioned? Who are you to assume I do not know what I am talking about? As far as the medical science I speak of I am a CIFRN? If you need translation that would be (Certified International Flight Nurse) I have more medical trainining than you are aware of. I have been in this field for over 30 years. As far as my mis-understood concept of 'bio-electric pulse' really? How is it you make presumtions on information you do not have? My job in this life is not to make you believe in "Ghosts", my job is to keep you from becoming one yourself. When you feel that you have the skills and trianing in the medical field look me up, I may put you to work. Until then...

    • TommieG43 profile image

      Thomas Grady 4 years ago from Alpine, CA

      Here, For you Scholors in England! I'm not totally inept...I do know how to do research here are a few things for you to chew on..Oh I'm sorry if im poorly educated compared to you however don't ever underestimate the human ability to find answers. When you graduate with your degrees in the field of study of your choice remember, you are only beginning and you will be scrootinized by you fellows and EVERYTHING you put to pen will be ripped apart by them. So here are a few things I also found, Maybe you may recognize some of the names.

      1882 – The Society for Psychical Research (SPR) is founded in England by Henry Sedgwick and F. W. H. Meyers.

      1885 – From 1885 to 1887 Balfour Stewart (1827 – 1887) occupied the presidential seat of the Society for Psychical Research. He co-authored “The Unseen Universe” which created quite a controversy as it was one of the first scientific manuscripts to diametrically oppose the view of the commonly accepted physically manifested understanding of the universe in order to propagate the idea of a spiritual one.

      1889 – A. W. Verrall (1859 – 1918) joins the SPR. She wrote several important documents pertaining to the proceedings of the SPR.

      1894 - British Prime Minister from 1902 – 1905, Lord Arthur Balfour (1848 – 1930) took an interest in the question of survival after death in when his sister married Henry Sidgwick, first president of the SPR. In 1894 Lord Arthur Balfour was elected to the presidential chair of the SPR.

      Additionally in 1894 William James (1842 – 1910) was elected to the position of president of the SPR. James received his MD from Harvard University in 1869. He was a professor of psychology at Harvard University and later taught physiology and philosophy there. William James was one of the original founders of the American

      Society of Psychical Research (ASPR), was vice president of the SPR from 1890 – 1893. He was again elected as vice president to the SPR from 1896 – 1910 and was president of the SPR from 1894 – 1895.

      1900 – Hereward Carrington joined the SPR at the age of 19 and from that point devoted his life to the study of psychical research. He received a doctorate and became an assistant to Dr. James Hyslop who was one of the founding leaders of the ASPR.

      Carrington wrote a number of articles and papers on a vast array of subjects concerning Spiritualism.

      1920s – A professor of Psychology at Harvard University, William McDougall had authored “Body and Mind and Social Psychology.” He became president of the SPR for the years of 1920 & 1921 and was elected president of the ASPR in 1921 as well.

      Thomas Edison tried to invent a machine that would communicate with the dead.

      Thinking this was possible, Edison wrote: “If our personality survives, then it is strictly logical or scientific to assume that it retains memory, intellect, other faculties, and knowledge that we acquire on this Earth. Therefore, if we can evolve an instrument so delicate as to be affected by our personality as it survives in the next life, such an instrument, when made available, ought to record something.”

      1930s: Attila von Szalay, an American photographer, experimented with a phonograph record cutter in trying to capture spirit voices. He claimed that he achieved some success with this method and got even better results in later years using a wire recorder. In the late 1950s, the results of his experiments were documented in an article for the American Society for Psychical Research (ASPR).

      1940s: In the late 1940s, Marcello Bacci of Grosseto, Italy claimed to be able to pick up voices of the deceased on a vacuum tube radio – the beginning of “white noise” experimentation and recordings.

      1950s: Friedrich Juergenson, a Swedish film producer, was recording bird songs outdoors near his home. When he played the tape back, he could discern his mother's voice saying in German, “Friedrich, you are being watched. Friedel, my little Friedel, can you hear me?” His subsequent recording of hundreds of such voices would earn him the title of “the father of EVP.” From his experiences he went on to write two books on the subject of EVP: “Voices from the Universe” and “Radio Contact with the Dead.”

      1960s: Juergenson's work came to the attention of a Latvian psychologist named Dr. Konstantin Raudive (ref. Chapter 1, Modern Parapsychology). At first Raudive was skeptical. He began his own EVP experiments in 1967 and he too recorded the voice of his deceased mother saying, “Kostulit, this is your mother.” Kostulit was the boyhood name his mother had always called him. During his EVP research Dr. Raudive recorded thousands of EVP voices.

      1970s: The Stone Tape Theory is introduced one of the most prolific and ground breaking theories to date in the field of parapsychology.

      1980’s: Klaus Schreiber discovers the ITC Positive Regeneration Feedback Technique, thusly allowing EVP researchers to both hear EVP phenomenon AND see the source from which it purportedly originates.

    • profile image

      Jack 4 years ago

      Ghosts only appear at day time you reckon? And only come in human form? Maybe you should do a little more research before you dish out your "logic"

    • Anthropophobia profile image
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      Anthropophobia 4 years ago

      I didn't say that they only appear at *nighttime, it's just I have never heard of anyone say that they've seen a ghost during the day. It's just my thoughts and it is based on scientific research.

    • Apostle Jack profile image

      Apostle Jack 4 years ago from Atlanta Ga

      Spirits can appear anytime and anywhere. My knowledge is from experience and not hear-say nor in any presentation of books.

      I don,t need research...when i have proof.

    • Anthropophobia profile image
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      Anthropophobia 4 years ago

      Ok, maybe I'll believe in them when I see one however I'm positive I never will.

    • Apostle Jack profile image

      Apostle Jack 4 years ago from Atlanta Ga

      I am positive that you will. It shall be known to the world. The first of the 7 hidden seals shall make it known.

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      lily 4 years ago

      All I'm going to say is that no one can say they definitely do or do not exist because even if there is evidence for either it hasn't been tested and no theories have been proven but it's a good debate anyhow.

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      Apostle Whack 4 years ago

      Apostle Jack you are a lunatic.

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      Marcus 3 years ago

      Almost everyone in our modern times has the ability to take a picture or video within seconds. Why is it then that no convincing evidence has been recorded showing ghosts since this technology has been widely available on our phones.

    • kenneth avery profile image

      Kenneth Avery 2 years ago from Hamilton, Alabama

      Anthropophobia,

      Wow! What a terrific read. Nicely-done and point goes to you. Voted up and all of the choices. This argument, liken that of JFK conspiracy or not, will rage on until humankind is gone.

      I admire your work.

      I cordially-invite you to read two of my hubs and then I invite you to be one of my followers.

      I would love that.

      Sincerely,

      Kenneth/ from northwest Alabama

    • Anthropophobia profile image
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      Anthropophobia 2 years ago

      Thank you very much for you kind comment - I am glad that you enjoyed the hub. I have followed you and will read some of your hubs now!

    • kenneth avery profile image

      Kenneth Avery 2 years ago from Hamilton, Alabama

      Anthropophobia,

      You are too kind. Thanks for doing these things for me. IOU Big time. And I did enjoy this piece. I knew a group of teenagers where I live, and this was some years ago, who did nothing in their off-time from work, school, but go "ghost hunting."

      And they would always share with me their amazing tales. One about standing outside a deserted, run-down house that no one had lived in for years, but music was always playing inside the house.

      And these kids were not into booze or drugs. Nor were they pranking me. I knew the house they were talking about, and I never said anything as they talked. The deal was, a guy loved to play piano so much in the house when he was living with his niece and family (who owned a piano), that he drove them to insanity, which is an exaggeration.

      But truth be told, this uncle went missing and the facts of his disappearance were rather mysterious, but all the more believable.

      The authorities in that day searched every avenue of where he could have went--even died or got himself murdered by the niece, but no evidence.

      The music playing was "him" playing the piano in the house.

      In my part of the United States, there are literally thousands of stories like this including the one about the town of Carrolton, Ala., that in slavery days, hung a black man for some meager crime and he swore that this town would always be reminded of their error by the curse he placed on the town.

      Sure enough. On the top floor of the courthouse, in a window is his face. Thousands have photographed it, and the window pane has been removed many times, and the face still comes back.

      No explanation offered by experts or non-experts.

      I choose to not get so close to this as I might start jumping at every shadow I see.

      Thanks for allowing me to ramble on.

      Kenneth

    • Anthropophobia profile image
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      Anthropophobia 2 years ago

      That is very interesting, I do like I good ghost story! I have heard many stories, most revolving around the 14th century church and graveyard that the village I live in was built around. Although as you can probably tell from my hub I am very sceptical about them!

      Thank you again for stopping by and commenting.

    • profile image

      Kenneth Avery 2 years ago

      Thank you. I also love a good apparition-based story that can be proven. I have heard a lot of stories over the years, but not many with proof. Yes, your skepticism is evident and who could blame you?

      I urge you to keep writing no matter what.

      Happy Memorial Day.

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      coachdalton 2 years ago

      Being a paranormal investigator and skeptic I have gotten clear and concise answers to my questions on digital recordings. Now I know digital recorders don't pick up stray radio waves so I know it wasn't a baby monitor or cab radio and it was a direct answer to direct question. Before you ask the obvious NO I was not hearing what I wanted to hear it was clear as someone talking right next to you only I was the only persln in the room

      Now I won't call it a ghost because I don't know if ghost is an appropriate term however, I do believe in string theory and multiple universes and endless possibilities. What amazes me is that those that posted on here that the facts prove the non exists thence of the paranormal you are wrong. You are simply showing what you believe is proof which is no different than someone giving teir proof in what they believe. Scientists still can't prove or disprove EVP they don't have an answer either way. So be a true scientist and admit you not 100% certain of anything because you truly have no concrete proof only what you believe.....so get off you pompous high horse you do not understand the universe any better than anyone else.....that is all.

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      srikacharla 2 years ago

      here are more reasons why ghosts dont exist http://kaboomed.wordpress.com/2014/07/30/ghosts-ar...

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      Alisha 4 months ago

      Nicely explained. I like the fact you are strictly scientific and logical about things. :)

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