- Religion and Philosophy»
- The Role of Religion in History & Society
Religion undertakes finding the fathers, in New England
There have been many views of the origins of politics, religions and economic expansion within the Middle Colonies and the New England states of early America. This piece will touch on the various ideas incorporated to produce and develop those historic areas. From Maine down to Pennsylvania, there have been extreme attitudes engulfed in order to spread; similar to a contagious bacterium (H1N1).
The Founding of New England. New England is one of the two regions covered in this essay. New England is a region of the United States. This region is located at the northeastern portion of the United States; surrounded by the Atlantic Ocean, Canada and the original middle colonies. The following states are located in the New England areas: Connecticut, Rhode Island, Massachusetts, Vermont, New Hampshire, and Maine.
New England wasn’t heavily populated and dense forestry areas led European settlers to assume North America was ‘virgin land’. Societies first settled in New England during the year 1620. This colony was called Plymouth; famously attributed to the first development of American literature, philosophy, and free public education.
The Rootstock of New England. New England’s earliest inhabitants were the Abenaki, of New Hampshire and Vermont; the Penobscot, of Maine; the Wampanoag, of Massachusetts and Rhode Island; and the Mohegan and Pequot tribes, of Connecticut. The expeditions, with Captain John Smith traveling along the shores of the region, encouraged the name ‘New England’, during 1614. The name, ‘New England’, was officially sanctioned on November 3, 1620.
Pilgrimage. During the following month of December 1620, a permanent settlement was established near present-day Plymouth, MA, by Pilgrims. Pilgrims originated from England; but because of the lack of freedom, to practice their own religion, they searched for foreign lands. Consequently, they were in the Netherlands near where the Dutch occupied the area. Apparently, the Pilgrims claimed not to want their children to grow with their heritage. In Plymouth, Massachusetts, the Pilgrims became ‘friends’ with the Native Indians.
Go Indians. The Indians assisted and augmented to teach the necessary hunting, fishing, and farming techniques needed; in order to survive in the New England region. Additionally, the Native Americans originated the diversity of religion. Every native culture possessed a well-developed religious system, which verbally passed down for later generations. In fact, these societies accepted a supreme being as to appear in various forms; in the same way, supernatural beings of lesser superiority were identified, in addition to the evil monster. Considering, life after death was publicized within its communities, as well; all good from earth would follow the deceased.
Believe it or Not. Of course, the Europeans of the earlier North America (during the 15th and 16th centuries) observed the natives of America as an irreligious culture. Political rivalries became religious rivalries. The most religious, of the early New England colonies, were called Puritans. Puritanism made its face during the 16th century, as a sect within the Church of England; hyped about purifying the Church of Catholicism.
In 1681, King Charles II had given land to William Penn. This was considered a payment for a large amount of money owed to William Penn’s father; the admiral Sir William Penn. William Penn is the reputable advocate of the Quaker religion. His efforts resulted with the establishing of the Pennsylvania Frame of Government (1682), which was another attribute to Pennsylvania; providing government support for religious diversity and allowing Christians of all faiths to hold office.
The legendary Pilgrims severed their ties with the Church of England and were considered separatists. Puritan belief was that only church where members could govern the communities with the open showing of godliness; a conversion. This open ‘showing’ would consist of an emotional and spiritual revival, which would be triggered from a sign from Godly sainthood. The result was a severed slope to the negativ. Thereafter, losing, of church affiliates, As a result, the leaders amended the Half-Way Covenant in 1662-waived the requirement for the conversion.
During political times the (white) males of families ran local town governments through town meetings. Women, minorities, and white men-that weren’t considered important, did not participate politically. A rebellion against the divine right of kings, swayed towards limiting government with a branch, which represented the citizens. Conversely, those movements were advocated by writings from English philosophers; Thomas Hobbes.
The New England Economy. Commonly, during that time of expansion, New England stagecoaches and railroad services made it convenient for the influx of workers commuting to assist as immigration grew. In addition, Farmers’ daughter left their homes to gain-financially, save for marriage, and meet Irish mates. Therefore, during that era, New England was very successful and was labeled the most urbanized part of the country and the most educated (1860 Census).