Monotheism basically means to have faith in only one God. People who follow monotheistic religions have a firm belief that there is only one supreme deity who has control and power over all living and non living things.
Basically there are three monotheistic religions in the world.
These three being very different in many ways also share some similarities.The similarities and differences are discussed below:
Judaism, the most seasoned of the monotheistic religions, is 3500 years of age. Jews accept that God made a guarantee (called the primary contract) to Abraham that he would be the dad of an incredible people in the event that he adhered to God's directions. Jews accept that God recharged the agreement (the subsequent contract) with Moses, who drove the Jews out of bondage in Egypt. God likewise uncovered the Ten Commandments to the Jews as a lot of standards to pursue.
The Jewish sacred book is the Torah, which gives the initial five books to the Bible. Jews likewise study the Talmud, the most critical gathering of Jewish translations of the Torah. In the Arab World, there have been enormous populaces of Arab Jews in Iraq, Yemen, Syria, Egypt, and Morocco. After the making of Israel in 1948, numerous Arab Jews settled there, alongside different Jews from around the globe. Today, most of Jews worldwide live in Israel and the United States.
Christianity is about 2,000 years of age, starting around 30 CE with the passing of Jesus Christ. There is a solid Christian convention in numerous pieces of the Arab World. Some Arab Christians are the relatives of the absolute first Christians, and the world's most seasoned holy places are found in the Arab World. Some community gatherings in the Arab World are still conveyed in Aramaic, the language expressed by Christ.
Most Christians in the Arab World have a place with the Eastern Rite holy places, which are indigenous to the Arab World. These incorporate - the Catholic Antiochian Orthdox (Greek Orthodox), the Catholic Maronite and Melkite holy places, Syrian Orthodox temples, and the Egyptian Coptic Church. Most Iraqi Christians have a place with the Catholic Chaldean Church. Fewer Arab Christians are Protestants changed over by nineteenth century preachers in Palestine, Syria, and Lebanon. Today, huge populaces of Arab Christians likewise live in Iraq and Egypt.
Islam is very nearly 1,300 years of age and perceives Moses, Jesus, and numerous others as prophets. The Prophet Muhammad (570-632 CE) was conceived in Mecca, in present-day Saudi Arabia, and is viewed as the remainder of the prophets. Muslims accept that Islam started in 610 CE when Muhammad began getting divine revelations, or Allah in Arabic. These disclosures are recorded in the Qur'an, the blessed book of Islam.
There are two principle branches in Islam: Sunni and Shi'a. A split happened not long after the demise of Muhammad over the subject of who was to lead the Muslims. The Shi'a accepted that Muhammad pre-chosen Imam Ali, his cousin and child in-law. The Sunnis accepted that the pioneer ought to be picked through meeting and decision. Today around 85-90% of the Muslim populace worldwide are Sunni. In the Arab World a large portion of the Shi'a live in Lebanon and Iraq. A little minority of Muslims are Druze, a part of Islam found generally in Lebanon, Syria and Palestine.