ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

Religious Persecution in the Ottoman Empire

Updated on March 21, 2010
The extent of the Ottoman Empire
The extent of the Ottoman Empire
Suleiman the Magnificent (sounds like a magician)
Suleiman the Magnificent (sounds like a magician)

For thousands of years, people of many different cultures have had a knack for maltreating those who hold beliefs different to their own. In western religions, Christians, Muslims, and Jews have not always been completely tolerant towards each other. The Ottoman Empire started in the 14th century A.D. and thrived into the early 20th century A.D. The empire gained notoriety for its oppressive Islamic reign. The rule of the late Ottoman Empire is a great example of religious intolerance.

            Christians and Jews did not always have such a rough time in the Ottoman Empire. Under one of the great, early emperors, Suleiman the Magnificent, Jews and Christians were treated with a degree of fairness.   Although unable to hold public office, the Jews and Christians were allowed to conduct business as any of the Muslims would. Some of them became quite wealthy, and some Muslims would probably become jealous of that wealth, setting the stage for the persecution later faced by non-Muslims living in the empire. A small tax, known as a Jizya, was collected from all non-practicing Muslims. One would think it was in the best interest of the State to maintain such amiable policies; non-Muslims accounted for a great deal of tax revenue. Unfortunately, as the empire grew, so did religious intolerance.

            Following Suleiman’s rule, the Ottoman Empire fell into a period of revolts

and failed military conquests. Many of the lands that the Ottoman’s had taken over

were of a primarily Christian demographic. Most of the Ottoman’s foes were Catholic nations, such as Spain and Italy. Many Christian boys of conquered lands were forced receive and Islamic educations and serve many years in the Ottoman military. These Janizaries were used to control populations within Ottoman borders. Riots and civil revolts arose out of the indignation that many non-Muslims felt for being placed under Islamic rule.  Dissenting Christians and Jews were proving to be quite a thorn in the side of the Ottoman ruling class, and the eventual maltreatment faced by non-Muslims was probably foreseeable. In an attempt to quell the riots, Ottoman rulers used force and enacted arbitrary laws. This certainly bred more discontent among non-Muslims creating a vicious cycle of revolt and retribution.

            The Ottoman’s were known to treat animals better than they did Christians. The laws that were set up made it a greater offense to deny a dog food than to deny food to a non-Muslim.  Animals generally received better treatment than non-Muslims, but this is not surprising considering this is a culture that thought it was good to rub camel foam into their beards. This really paints a picture of the Ottoman’s attitude towards Christians living in the empire.

            It is pretty clear to most that there were better places for Christians to be living in the latter half of the 2nd millennia.  Whether they were being subjected to arbitrary laws, facing brutal punishment, or starving from lack of food, non-Muslims had a hard time getting along in the Ottoman Empire. The unfortunate part is that this type of religious intolerance is common throughout history and has yet to cease even today.

Comments

    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    • profile image

      Ani 

      3 years ago

      k, first. The image they showed of St. Sophia was acalltuy the Blue Mosque. St. Sophia is a couple of blocks over. And it is now a museum, not a mosque.Second, in Cordoba. They say that this cathedral was turned into a mosque after the Muslims arrived. Wrong! The mosque was first, but after the reconquista, the Spanish plopped a huge cathedral in the middle of it.Spin, too much spin.

    • profile image

      lol 

      4 years ago

      the biggest load of crap i have read. where's your proof???

    • profile image

      Aurora 

      5 years ago

      The Turkish from the Ottoman Empire also killed 1.8 millions Armenians in the Armenian genocide. The Armenians were Christian.

    • profile image

      Mohamamd 

      7 years ago

      This is quite a site, really great! However, I just had to point out that the 'Jizya tax' is applicable only to non-Muslims and not non-practicing Muslims; Muslims pay Zakah, practicing or not. I could go on to point out other non-factual elements on this page, but I'll leave that for someone else. Thanks

    working

    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, hubpages.com uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at: https://hubpages.com/privacy-policy#gdpr

    Show Details
    Necessary
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the googleapis.com or gstatic.com domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Features
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Marketing
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Statistics
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)