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Scriptual Reflections on The Holy Rosary

Updated on January 5, 2015

How to Pray the Rosary


So what is the Rosary anyway?

In the early times of the Church Lay people did not have access to the Bible or to the Divine Office which was a collection of prayers that was said every three hours by the Clergy; and were also illiterate for the most part. As such they would substitute 150 Our Fathers or Hail Marys.

St. Dominic de Guzman popularized the Marian Psalter in the form we have it today (150 Aves with a Pater after each 10) when Our Lady encouraged him to pray it that way in response to the Albigensian heresy. So associated with the Rosary is St. Dominic that the Rosary is often called the "Dominican Rosary."

While non-Catholics see the Rosary as a mindless chant, what they don't understand is that the Rosary is a meditation on the lives of Mary and Jesus. It is based on events that are taken not just from Sacred Tradition but also directly from the Bible. So it is scriptural.The whole point is to bring us closer to Jesus by meditating on moments of His life; and Mary as she always does (like at the wedding at Cana) points us to her Son and says listen to Him and do whatever he says....

The Mysteries are broken down by days:

Joyful- Mon, Thurs

Sorrowful- Tues, Fri

Glorious- Wed, Sat, Sun

St. Louis de Montfort in his Method proscribes a virtue to each mystery and adds this prayer as an act of faith: "through this Mystery and through the intercession of our Holy Mother, we ask..."

[Joyful Mysteries: 1st Mystery: Humility: "we ask for humility of heart" 2nd Mystery: Charity: "we ask for a perfect love of our neighbor" 3rd Mystery: Love of the poor: "we ask for detachment from the things of this world, love of poverty and love of the poor" 4th Mystery: Purity: "we ask for the gift of wisdom and purity of heart and body" 5th Mystery: Conversions: "we ask you to convert us and all sinners, heretics, schismatics and pagans" Sorrowful Mysteries: 1st Mystery: Contrition: "we ask for perfect sorrow for our sins and perfect conformity to your holy will" 2nd Mystery: Spirit of mortification: "we ask for the grace to mortify our senses" 3rd Mystery: Detachment from the worldly: "we ask for a deep contempt of the world" 4th Mystery: Patience: "we ask for great patience in carrying our cross after you all the days of our life" 5th Mystery: A holy death: "we ask for a great horror of sin, a love for the Cross and the grace of a holy death for us and for those who are now in their last agony" Glorious Mysteries: 1st Mystery: Faith: "we ask for a lively faith" 2nd Mystery: Hope: "we ask for a firm hope and a great longing for heaven" 3rd Mystery: Truth: "we ask for your holy wisdom that we may know, taste and practice your truth and share it with everyone" 4th Mystery: Devotion to Our Mother: "we ask for the gift of true devotion to her in order to live a good life and have a happy death" 5th Mystery: Perseverance: "we ask for perseverance and an increase in virtue up to the moment of our death and thereafter the eternal crown that is prepared for us"]

The above photo is a guide of how to pray the Rosary step by step!


The Sign of the Cross

In the name of the Father [touch forehead], and of the Son [touch breast], and of the Holy Ghost [touch left shoulder, then right shoulder]. Amen.

Latin Version: Signum Crucis
In nomine Patris [touch forehead] et Filii [touch breast] et Spiritus Sancti [touch left shoulder, then right shoulder]. Amen.

The Apostles' Creed

I believe in God, the Father almighty, Creator of Heaven and earth, and in in Jesus Christ, His only Son, our Lord. He was conceived by the Holy Spirit, and born of the Virgin Mary. He suffered under Pontius Pilate, was crucified, died and was buried. He descended into Hell. On the third day He rose again. He ascended into Heaven, and is seated at the right hand of God the Father Almighty. He will come again to judge the living and the dead. + I believe in the Holy Spirit, the Holy Catholic Church, the communion of saints, the forgiveness of sins, the resurrection of the body, and life everlasting. Amen.

Latin Version: Symbolum Apostolorum
Credo in Deum Patrem omnipotentem, Creatorem caeli et terrae. Et in Iesum Christum, Filium eius unicum, Dominum nostrum, qui conceptus est de Spiritu Sancto, natus ex Maria Virgine, passus sub Pontio Pilato, crucifixus, mortuus, et sepultus, descendit ad inferos, tertia die resurrexit a mortuis, ascendit ad caelos, sedet ad dexteram Dei Patris omnipotentis, inde venturus est iudicare vivos et mortuos. + Credo in Spiritum Sanctum, sanctam Ecclesiam Catholicam, sanctorum communionem, remissionem peccatorum, carnis resurrectionem, vitam aeternam. Amen.

The Our Father

Our Father, Who art in heaven, Hallowed be Thy Name. Thy Kingdom come, Thy Will be done, On earth as it is in Heaven. + Give us this day, our daily bread, And forgive us our trespasses, as we forgive those who trespass against us. And lead us not into temptation, but deliver us from evil. Amen.

Latin Version: Pater Noster (Oratio Dominica)
Pater noster, qui es in caelis, sanctificetur Nomen tuum. Adveniat regnum tuum. Fiat voluntas tua, sicut in caelo et in terra. + Panem nostrum quotidianum da nobis hodie, et dimitte nobis debita nostra sicut et nos dimittimus debitoribus nostris. Et ne nos inducas in tentationem, sed libera nos a malo. Amen.

Hail Mary

Hail Mary, Full of Grace, The Lord is with thee. Blessed art thou amongst women, and blessed is the fruit of thy womb, Jesus. + Holy Mary, Mother of God, pray for us sinners now, and at the hour of death. Amen.

Latin Version: Ave Maria (Salutatio Angelica)
Ave Maria, gratia plena, Dominus tecum. Benedicta tu in mulieribus, et benedictus fructus ventris tui, Iesus. + Sancta Maria, Mater Dei, ora pro nobis peccatoribus, nunc, et in hora mortis nostrae. Amen.

Glory Be

Glory be to the Father, and to the Son, and to the Holy Ghost. + As it was in the beginning, is now, and ever shall be, world without end. Amen.

Latin Version: Doxologia Minor
Gloria Patri, et Filio, et Spiritui Sancto.+ Sicut erat in principio, et nunc, et semper, et in saecula saeculorum. Amen.

Fatima Prayer

O My Jesus, + forgive us our sins, save us from the fires of Hell and lead all souls to Heaven, especially those in most need of Thy mercy. Amen.

Latin Version: Oratio Fatimae
Oh mi Jesu, dimitte nobis debita nostra, libera nos ab igne inferni, conduc in caelum omnes animas, praesertim illas quae maxime indigent misericordia tua. Amen.

Concluding prayers: At the end of the Last Mystery it is concluded with the Hail Holy Queen.

Hail, Holy Queen / Salve Regina

Hail holy Queen, mother of mercy, our life, our sweetness, and our hope. To thee do we cry, poor banished children of Eve. To thee do we send up our sighs, mourning and weeping in this valley of tears. Turn then, most gracious Advocate, thine eyes of mercy toward us. And after this our exile show unto us the blessed Fruit of thy womb, Jesus. O clement, O loving, O sweet Virgin Mary. Amen.

Latin Version: Salve Regina
Salve, Regina, mater misericordiae: vita, dulcedo, et spes nostra, salve. Ad te clamamus exsules filii Hevae. Ad te suspiramus, gementes et flentes in hac lacrimarum valle. Eia, ergo, advocata nostra, illos tuos misericordes oculos ad nos converte. Et Iesum, benedictum fructum ventris tui, nobis post hoc exsilium ostende. O clemens, O pia, O dulcis Virgo Maria. Amen.

Let Us Pray:

O God, whose only begotten Son, by his life, death and Resurrection, has purchased for us the rewards of eternal life. Grant, we beseech Thee, that while meditating on these mysteries of the Most Holy Rosary of the Blessed Virgin Mary, that we may both imitate what they contain and obtain what they promise, through Christ Our Lord. Amen

The Joyful Mysteries

1. In the sixth month, the angel Gabriel was sent by God to a virgin in the town
of Nazareth who was betrothed to a man named Joseph, who was of the house
and lineage of David, and the virgin’s name was Mary.
2. And coming to her he said, "Hail full of grace, the Lord is with you."
3. “Do not be afraid Mary for you have found favor with God.”
4. But she was greatly disturbed at his greeting and wondered what sort of
greeting this might be.
5. “You shall conceive and bear a son and you shall call his name Jesus, for he
will save his people from their sins.”
6. “But how can this be since I do not know man?”
7. “The Holy Spirit will come upon you and the power of the Most High will
overshadow you; therefore, the child born to you shall be called holy, the Son of
the Most High God.”
8. “And see Elisabeth your kinswoman has conceived a son in her old age. She
who was thought barren is in her sixth month, for nothing shall be impossible for
9. “I am the handmaid of the Lord; be it done unto to me according to thy word.”
10. And with that the angel left her.
1. Mary set out in haste for the hill country.
2. And upon entering the house of Zechariah she called out to Elizabeth.
3. And when the sound of her greeting reached Elizabeth's ears the child in her
womb leapt for joy.
4. And Elizabeth, filled with the Holy Spirit, said "Blessed art thou among women
and blessed is the fruit of thy womb."
5. "And blessed is she who believed that the Lord would fulfill his promise."
6. "And why is it that the Mother of my Lord should come to me?"
7. "For from the moment the sound of your greeting reached my ears the child in
my womb leapt for joy."
8. And Mary cried out, "My soul magnifies the Lord and my spirit rejoices in God
my savior."
9. "From henceforth all generations will call me blessed."
10. Mary stayed with Elizabeth about three months.
1. In those days Caesar Augustus sent out a decree that the whole world should
be enrolled.
2. This was while Quirinius was governor of Syria.
3. So Joseph set out for Bethlehem with his wife who was with child, for he was
of the house and lineage of David.
4. And while they were there, her days of confinement came to an end and she
brought forth her first born son and wrapped him in swaddling clothes and laid
him in a manger because there was no room for them at the inn.
5. Now there were shepherds in the in the nearby hills keeping night watch over
their flocks.
6. Suddenly the angel of the lord appeared to them, and the glory of the lord
shone round them and they were sore afraid.
7. “Fear not, for I bring you good news of glad tidings which shall be for all the
people, for unto you this day is born in the city of David, a savior who is Christ
the Lord.”
8. “And let this be a sign unto you, you shall find the babe wrapped in swaddling
clothes and laying in a manger.”
9. Suddenly there was with the angel a whole multitude of the heavenly host
singing glory to God in the highest and peace on earth to men of good will.
10. The shepherds went to Bethlehem and reported all that had happened and
Mary kept all these things and treasured them and reflected on them in her heart.
1. When the forty days had passed, they took Jesus to the temple to do for him
what was prescribed by the law.
2. Now there was an old man in the temple named Simeon. He was a devout
and upright man.
3. It had been revealed to him by the Holy Spirit that he should not taste death
until he had set eyes on the Messiah.
4. Going over to them, he took the babe in his arms and he looked up to heaven
and he blessed God.
5. “Lord, now you can dismiss your servant in peace. Your word has been
fulfilled. For my own eyes have seen the salvation which you have prepared in
the sight of every people.”
6. “A light to reveal you to the nations and the glory of your people Israel.”
7. And handing the babe back to them he blessed them.
8. And he said to Mary, “This child shall be responsible for the rise and fall of
many in Israel.”
9. “A sign that is to be contradicted.”
10. “And a sword thine own heart shall pierce, and the secret thoughts of many
will be laid bare.”
1. When Jesus was twelve years old, as was their custom they went up to
Jerusalem for the feasts.
2. And when they were returning, supposing him to be among family and friends
they searched for him for a full day.
3. Returning to Jerusalem they searched for him for three days and three nights.
4. At long last they came across him in the temple.
5. He was sitting among the doctors and teachers of the law.
6. He was asking them questions.
7. All who heard him were amazed at him.
8. “Son, why have you done this to us?”
9. “Did you not know I must be about my Father’s business?”
10. And he went down to Nazareth with them, and he was obedient unto them.
And he grew in grace and strength and wisdom in the sight of both God and

The Sorrowful Mysteries

1. Jesus took Peter, James, and John further into the garden with him.
2. "My soul is sorrowful even unto to death."
3. "Stay here and pray that you may not be put to the test."
4. Then he withdrew about a stone’s throw and fell to the ground praying,
"Father, if it be possible, let this cup pass me by.
5. And his sweat became like great drops of blood falling to the ground.
6. Again he prayed, "Father, if it be possible, let this cup pass me by."
7. Then he went back to the apostles and found them sleeping. "Could you not
stay awake with me for one hour?"
8. A third time he went back and prayed, "Father, let this cup pass me by;
however, not my will, but your will be done."
9. He returned to his apostles and found them asleep. He said, "Still taking your
rest. It is enough! Behold, my betrayer is at hand."
10. "Judas, you betray your master with a kiss?"
1. Now the whole cohort and the chief priests led him to Pontius Pilate.
2. And Pilate came out to them and said, "What wrong has he done?"
3. "If he were not a criminal we would not have brought him to you."
4. "We have a law and according to this law he must die!"
5. So Pilate took him inside and questioned him. "Where do you come from?"
6. And Jesus made no answer. Pilate said, "Do you not know that I have the
power to release you and the power to crucify you?"
7. “You would have no power over me if it were not given to you from above.
That is why he who handed me over to you is guilty of the greater sin.”
8. So Pilate went out and said to them, "I find no guilt in him."
9. And Pilate looked for a way to release him.
10. So he handed him over to be scourged.
1. The soldiers led Jesus into the praetorium.
2. And they wrapped him in a purple cloak.
3. And they placed a reed into his hand.
4. And one of the soldiers fashioned a crown of thorns and pushed it onto his
5. And they knelt down before Him and mocked him.
6. "All hail the king of the Jews!"
7. And they hit him.
8. And they spit on him.
9. And when they were done amusing themselves they put him back into his
own clothes.
10. And they led him back to Pilate.
1. Pilate brought him out and said, "Ecce homo!" (Behold the man!)
2. And they yelled back, "Crucify him!"
3. "Shall I crucify your king?"
4. "We have no king but Caesar!"
5. "This man sets himself up as a king. Any one who sets himself up as king is a
rival to Caesar."
6. So Pilate delivered him up to their wishes.
7. And Jesus went out bearing his own cross.
8. Along the way he met some women of Jerusalem who were crying and
weeping. He said, "Do not weep for me, weep rather for yourself and for your
9. At last they arrived at the place of the skull, Golgotha in Hebrew. There they
stripped him of his garments.
10. And they crucified him with two criminals, one on either side.
1. And Pilate had a sign fixed to the cross: "Jesus of Nazareth, King of the
2. And those who walked by mocked him and said, "This man said, 'Destroy this
temple and in three days I will raise it up.'"
3. Others said, "Come down from the cross and we will believe."
4. "Father, forgive them for they know not what they do."
5. "Today you shall be with me in paradise."
6. "Woman, behold your son. Son, behold your mother."
7. "I thirst."
8. "My God, my God, why have you abandoned me?"
9. "It is finished."
10."Father, into your hands I commend my spirit."

The Glorious Mysteries

1. "Who will roll away the stone for us?"
2. "Why do you seek the living among the dead?"
3. "He is not here. He is risen."
4. "Mary!"
5. "How slow of heart and dull of mind you are."
6. "Did you not know the Christ must suffer, so as to enter into his glory?”
7. "And he took the bread, blessed it, broke it and gave it to them."
8. Then he vanished from their sight.
9. And suddenly their eyes were opened and they recognized him in the
breaking of the bread.
10. Then he breathed on them and said, "Receive the Holy Spirit. Whose sins
you forgive are forgiven them, whose sins you hold bound are held bound."
1. Jesus took them outside the city.
2. "All authority in heaven and on earth has been given to me."
3. "You shall be my witnesses throughout Judea, Samaria, and to the ends of
the earth."
4. "Go, therefore, and teach all nations, baptizing them in the name of the
Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Spirit."
5. "Teach them to observe all that I have taught you."
6. "And know that I am with you all days, even unto the consummation of the
7. And while he was still speaking a cloud came upon him and took him from
their sight.
8. And they stood there looking up into the sky.
9. Suddenly two men in white appeared beside them.
10. "Men of Jerusalem, why do you stand here gazing up into the sky? This
Jesus, who you saw leave, will return to you in the same way."
1. As was their custom they were gathered in the upper room praying.
2. Now there were Jews from every nation gathered in Jerusalem for the feast.
3. Suddenly, a sound like a loud rushing wind was heard throughout the house.
4. Those outside the house heard it as well.
5. And suddenly the Holy Spirit descended upon them in the form of tongues of
fire which came to rest over each one of them.
6. And they began to preach.
7. And the assembled Jews said, "How is it that we can each hear them
speaking in our own native tongue?"
8. And Peter went out to the crowd and addressed them.
9. "This Jesus of Nazareth whom you crucified God raised from the dead."
10. And that day about three thousand were added to their number.
1. Preserve my soul, O God, I take refuge in you.
2. I say to the Lord, you are my God. My happiness lies in you alone.
3. He has put into my heart a marvelous love for the faithful ones who dwell in
his land.
4. Those who choose other gods increase their sorrows. Never will I offer their
offerings of blood. Never will I take their name upon my lips!
5. Oh Lord, it is you who are my portion and cup; it is you yourself who are my
6. The lot marked out to me is my delight. Welcome indeed the heritage that falls
to me!
7. I will bless the Lord who gives me counsel, who even at night directs my
8. I will keep the Lord ever in my sight; since he is at my right hand, I shall stand
9. And so my heart rejoices, my soul is glad; even my body shall rest in safety.
10. For you will not leave my soul among the dead, nor suffer your beloved to
know decay.
1. Then a great sign appeared in the sky.
2. A woman clothed with the sun.
3. With the moon under her feet.
4. And over her head a crown of twelve stars.
5. And God said to the serpent, "I will put hatred between you and the woman."
6. "Between your offspring and hers."
7. "You will strike at her heel and she will crush your head."
8. And the angel said to her, "The Lord God will give to him the throne of his
father David."
9. "And he will rule over the house of Jacob forever."
10."And of his Kingdom there will be no end."

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