5 Reasons Proving the Authenticity of the Quran
One of the most popular and widely read book on the planet according to reliable sources is the Nobel Qur'an, whose very genesis and origin is claimed to be from an all-mighty God – Allah. Non-Muslims and atheists are quick in placing a counter-argument to refute this claim or they just do not believe it, so in this article, a concise and logical argument is built up to help the reader arrive at an unerring conclusion.
1. Not Even a Word has been changed in Quran since 1400 years
The Qur'an we have today is exactly the same as it was 1400 years ago when it was revealed upon Prophet Muhammad ﷺ. There is not even a word added or omitted from it. This assertion is postulated not only because Muslims are told in the Qur'an that Allah has taken the responsibility to protect his words but because their is material evidence behind this claim and a brief part of it is exhibited below.
This is an excerpt from an old Holy Qur'an discovered in the Birmingham University library.
- It has been radiocarbon dated by University of Oxford to the period between AD 568 and 645 with 95.4% accuracy.
- The age of this manuscript as revealed by dating results is in very close coincidence to the period of Caliph Usman R.A (AD 650) when the final standardized and authoritative written version of Qur'an was compiled and put into practice across the caliphate.
If you can read Arabic or at least recognize Arabic alphabets, it's easy to deduce from the above close up and the parchment pictured below, that the Birmingham manuscript and the modern day Qur'an are remarkably similar.
If you cannot recognize alphabets it should still not be very difficult to trace the shape of alphabets from the modern script and compare them with the older one to see that they are in the same sequence or not.
After comparing both the modern script and the Birmingham script it is evident that these portions are in 100 percent agreement with The Qur’an that is in practice today, supporting the view that the text has undergone little or no alteration since its revelation. (Note this point, we will refer to it later.)
Does the evidence convince you to believe that the current version of Qur'an is exactly similar to the one revealed 1400 years ago?
This is not the only old Qur'an finding, there are numerous other manuscripts in libraries and collections around the world and neither of them contradict the current version.
A digitized version of the Birmingham manuscript can be viewed at their official website.
2. It Was Narrated by an Unlettered Prophet
It is an established historical fact that Prophet Muhammad ﷺ was:
- Completely un-lettered.
- He did not receive any formal education.
- He was never placed under the supervision of a teacher.
This fact is universally accepted among all Muslims and their is no historical evidence or account which can undermine the veracity of this claim.
Now consider this: I am able to write this text because I have received 12 years of formal education in English, still I am liable to make mistakes and you are able to read this, because someone taught you to read English.
Imagine an unlettered man to think up a true literary masterpiece that is so profound that no one is able to point any mistake in it, instead innumerable commentaries have been written to explicate it's text. This is not practically possible, unless it is from a divine intervention - Revelation.
3. Their are Some Astounding Scientific Commentaries in The Qur'an
So far we have established that the words of Qur'an are exactly the same as they were at the time of its revelation which directly means that whatever is narrated in it, was there in its exact form 1400 years ago.
The Qur'an thus contains some very astounding scientific commentaries that were unthinkable at the time of it's revelation, for instance take this example:
And the sun runs his course for a period determined for him: that is the decree of (Him), the Exalted in Might, the All-Knowing.
And the Moon,- We have measured for her mansions (to traverse) till she returns like the old (and withered) lower part of a date-stalk.— (36:38) Translation by Abdullah Yousaf Ali
Ancient Europe believed in the Ptolemaic geocentric system is which the earth was considered the center of the Universe and the sun, moon and other planets orbited it. This was the prevailing thought until 16th century.
Then during the 16th century ideas of Copernicus, Kepler, Descartes and Galileo gained prominence which proposed that all planets rotate around a fixed center point - the Sun.
It was not until the 20th century that with advanced telescopes and cutting edge techniques scientists discovered that the, not only the planets rotate around the sun, but the sun also rotates around the center of the galaxy commonly referred to as the galactic center.
How can an unlettered man tell that the "Sun runs his course for a period determined for him......." 1400 years ago when nobody could have imagined this theory during his time. This is not possible except with the aid of a divine intervention - Revelation.
4. The Qur'an Does Some Exceptional Prophecies not Humanly Possible
Akin to scientific commentaries, a number of amazingly accurate prophecies about the near feature also find their way into this supreme text.
The most manifest among them are the first four verses of Surah Rum:
The Roman Empire has been defeated-
In a land close by; but they, (even) after (this) defeat of theirs, will soon be victorious -
Within a few years. With Allah is the Decision, in the past and in the Future: on that Day shall the Believers rejoice-— (30:4) Translation by Abdullah Yousaf Ali
At the Time of Prophet Muhammad ﷺ, other then the Arabs, there were two major empires:
- The Byzantine Empire (referred to as Room in this verse), covering north Africa and Asia Minor.
- The Persian Empire covering areas of Persia and Iraq.
Both of these empires were at war with each other, initially the Persians had an upper hand and gained steady victories, conquering Mesopotamia in 604, Syria Palestine and Jerusalem in 614 and Egypt in 619 . By 620 the Byzantine Empire was in a desperate condition and nobody could have imagined that one day the weak Byzantine will defeat the mighty Persians.
This verse which was revealed in 615 after the fall of Jerusalem foretold that "...after (this) defeat of theirs, will soon be victorious - Within a few years...".
The tides of the Battle were turned after a few years, exactly as foretold, when in a series of campaigns starting from 622, Heraclius recovered lost lands and defeated the Persians multiple times and finally brought them to accept a peace agreement in 627.
Clarification on the time of revelation of this verse
Although the meaning of the verse is clear, you might be quick in pointing out that the exact date of this revelation is not a documented fact and that this verse could have been added in the Qur'an after the defeat of the Persians.
With some insight it can be explicitly determined that the verses were by all means revealed and dictated by Muhammad ﷺ to his companions at the time of one of the Persian victories, be it Jerusalem or Egypt because:
- غلبت الروم: This Arabic sentence means that the Romans have been defeated. If Prophet Muhammad had dictated this sentence to his companions after knowing about Roman (Byzantine) victory, it would make no sense to say that "Romans have been defeated" when at that time they were actually winning, it would be a contradiction on its own, which could not have gone unnoticed by his companions.
- وھم من بعدھم سیغلبون: This Arabic sentence is in the feature tense meaning they will be victorious. If Prophet Muhammad had dictated this sentence to his companions after knowing about the Byzantine victory, it would have produced a language error in Qur'an which could not have gone unnoticed by his companions.
Consider saying, "I will read this article" when you are already reading it, any novice can figure out this language error in tense in your saying and same is the case with this verse.
How could Prophet Muhammad ﷺ foresee that the tides are about to turn in favor of Byzantines when it seemed most unlikely? unless it was from a divine intervention - Revelation.
5. It Tells Stories of Prophet's which Muhammad ﷺ Could not have Known by Himself
There are numerous stories of Prophets in the Holy Qur'an which are to a great extent, similar to those in Bible and at the time of their revelation they were exactly similar to those that were known by Jew and Christian scholars of the Prophet ﷺ's time.
Jew scholars challenged Prophet Muhammad ﷺ to narrate the story of Prophet Yousaf ؑ (Joseph) in an attempt that if he fails they will get a chance to hurl accuses on him. By the grace of Allah The story of Prophet Yousaf ؑ was revealed in the Holy Quran and when Prophet Muhammad ﷺ narrated it to his companions it was very close to the story known by Jews and Christians of that time.
Just to have an idea of the astonishing degree of similarity between the stories narrated in Qur'an and Bible and to enumerate the imposing point coerced by this similarity, take a look at this excerpt from the story of Joseph in Bible:
The same sequence of events is narrated in the Holy Qur'an as follows:
The king (of Egypt) said, "I do see (in a vision) seven fat kine, whom seven lean ones devour, and seven green ears of corn, and seven (others) withered. O ye chiefs! Expound to me my vision if it be that ye can interpret visions."— (12:43) Translation by Abdullah Yousaf Ali
- Their could not have been such similarity between the two stories, if Prophet Muhammad ﷺ tried to make up the related texts in Qur'an by Himself.
- We have already established that Prophet Muhammad was unlettered, so their is no possibility that he learned these stories from someone else.
- We have also established that the present form of Qur'an is the same as that was revealed to Prophet Muhammad ﷺ, so this negates the possibility that someone else pasted these into Qur'an after reading the Bible.
- Prophet Muhammad ﷺ had extremely limited physical contact with any Jew or Christian scholar (only three times), this quashes any possibility that He learned these from Jews or Christians of his time.
- No instance is recorded in Prophet Muhammad ﷺ's life in which he spoke any language other then Arabic and their was no Arabic version of Bible or Old Testament available during the Prophet ﷺ's time, so this nullifies the possibility that Prophet Muhammad ﷺ came to know of these stories by reading the Bible or Old Testament.
Keeping the above points in view it is not possible that the texts of The Qur'an were in any way, borrowed from the Bible or Old Testament, so how did Prophet Muhammad came to know of the story of Prophet Yousaf ؑ, not without the help of a divine intervention – Revelation.
Readers are always free to check translations from multiple sources.
 = Sidney H Griffith, Op.Cit, p.166.
© 2016 StormsHalted