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Spirituality and Stress

Updated on December 9, 2018
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Devika enjoys sharing her work with a friendly community. Writing is a big part of her life. Online work has improved her lifestyle.

Spirituality and Stress affects individuals in a unique way

One late afternoon on a sunny April day, he drove from Phoenix, Arizona, north toward Flagstaff, and arrived at Oak Creek Canyon just as the sun was setting. Any of you who have been to this part of the United States, know that the stars appear so low in the night sky that that they seem almost touchable.

He could not drive too long it seemed beyond his will before he had to pull the car onto the shoulder of the roadway. This, he did to get out and marvel at that sky with its twinkling ceiling.

He was enraptured with these natural wonders and so intently focused upon them that the hassles, and stresses he had experienced before he left Phoenix seemed inconsequential.

  • Why sweat the small stuff in the face of the big stuff?

Too frequently do you celebrate life's wonders with the attitude of gratitude that they deserve. Parents take their children for granted instead of marveling at their uniqueness and development.

Students become desensitized to the beauty surrounding them on campus, to the quiet walks to the library, and to the opportunity to lie in the grass, reading Plato, Hemingway, or Wadsworth.

Professors forget to appreciate the cloistered environs in which they are honored by being allowed to devote their careers to labors of love.

In creation itself often receives short shrift in a hurried society concerned with fast food, quick weight loss diets, and electrodes.

Quicker, faster, more sooner, easier, so little time to nourish the soul, to develop optimal spiritual health.

  • Spiritual Health

Some of these definitions recognize the existence of a supreme being, whereas others relate spirituality to one's relationships with others and one's place in this world.

For example:

One definition of spiritual health is the adherence to doctrine as prescribed by a religion. The closer the adherence, the greater the spiritual health. Another definition of spiritual health is the ability to discover and express your purpose in life; to learn how to experience love, joy, peace, and fulfillment; and to help yourself and others to achieve full potential.

The lack of emotional and spiritual health is the basic cause of heart disease, because the stress that develops as a result influences the development of negative health behaviors.

That place the individual at signed to help individuals at risk for heart disease. Using mindfulness meditation, one is taught to live in the moment, becoming acutely aware of feelings, thoughts, and sensations.

In this process chronic pain is decreased, anxiety, stress and depression.

  • Spiritual health may include answers to such questions as:

''Who am I?''

''Why am I here?''

''Where am I headed?''

Questions that confront you with the very fact of your existence and the meaning of life. Answers to these questions may comfort you and alleviate stress with assurance that your life is headed in the direction you desire.

Perhaps you have not previously appreciated your relationship to humankind, to a supreme being, to nature, or to what has preceded you and what will remain when you no longer do.

  • Should that occur, use that dissonance to make changes in your life so as to be more spiritual, take more walks in the woods, so to speak?

Celebrate loved ones and natural wonders; find activities in which to make a contribution to your world and the people who inhabit it. Leave something of meaning behind, experience that you are and let others experience that as well.

All of these changes will make you less distressed, more satisfied with your life, and more effective in your interactions with both your environment and the people about whom you care.

  • Religion and Spirituality

It seems clear that religious and spiritual involvement affects health and yet what is not so clear are the differences and similarities between these two terms, religion and spirituality. Spirituality is a person's orientation toward or experiences with the transcendent existential features of life.

An example:

Meaning, direction, purpose, and connectedness, sometimes referred to as the search for the sacred in life. Religion is an external manifestation of Spiritual experience, or an organized social entity in which individuals share some basic beliefs and practices.

It is possible therefore, to be spiritual but not to be religious, or to even be anti-religious.

It is also possible to engage in a religious practice but to do so in a no secular, spiritual manner, for example, using prayer to meditate rather than pray to a Supreme Being.

  • Spirituality and Health

Although both religion and spirituality have been associated with various health parameters such as blood pressure, religion and spirituality has been used as interventions to improve health and alleviate stress.

Patients with the same illness were divided into groups, then a group of people who described themselves as religious believers prayed for one group of patients. Neither group of patients knew whether they were the objects of the believers' prayers, and those praying had no idea for whom they were praying.

Yet the group of patients that was prayed for improved their health to a greater extent than the other group of patients. It is called a double-blind study.

Spirituality or religion related to lower levels of psychological distress, reduced risk of physical illness, and lower mortality rates.

The relationship between spirituality and religion to health is a positive feeling, individuals adopted healthy behaviors in general. Consequently, spiritual and religious people tend to be healthier.

Spiritual health is more predictive of health –promotion behaviors, than are isolated psycho-social variables such as:

Self-esteem, locus of control, connectedness, and sense of coherence. As regards stress in particular, spiritual health was found significantly related to assuming responsibility to manage one's stress.

  • How Spirituality and Religion Affects Health

  • Control Theory

When an individual feels some degree of control over a stressor, that person's health status will be less affected than someone who perceives little or no control.

There are two different approaches to increasing control: primary control and secondary control.

Primary control, similar to problem-focused copying refers to attempts to change the situation, whereas secondary control refers to attempts to affect or control oneself.

  • Secondary control can be more helpful in low-control situations.

Religion and spirituality can function as either primary control or secondary control.

For example:

Intercessory prayer, prayers for divine intervention is a primary control activity. Re-framing a situation so as to view it as fate or a force of nature is a secondary control activity. Other secondary control spiritual activities that lessen emotional reactions to stress include meditation, contemplative prayer, rituals, or scripture readings

Religious approaches to increasing control as a copying mechanism.

  • Self-Directing:

The individual perceives him or herself as responsible for the outcome, although God or nature has provided the resources the individual needs to be successful.

  • Collaborative:

Individual works together with God or forces of nature to control the situation.

  • Deferring:

The entire situation is turned over to God or forces of nature, with reliance on external forces of nature to intervene in the situation to resolve it.

  • Pleading:

The individual begs God or forces of nature to intervene in the situation to resolve it. The self-directing and collaborative approaches associated with mental health and competence and the deferring approach associated with lower levels of self-competence.

However, a the collaborative or deferring approach may be healthier in situations in which the individual really does have little control for example when about to have a surgery.

In this instance, secondary control is facilitated by a deferring a collaborative approach.

Relax to be Less Stressful

Spirituality and Religion

Differences between Religion and Spirituality?

Do you know What is the Difference between Religion and Spirituality?

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© 2013 Devika Primić


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    • DDE profile imageAUTHOR

      Devika Primić 

      5 years ago from Dubrovnik, Croatia

      Thanks so much for your kind comments I am also glad I can get the attention of my reader's eye

    • passionate77 profile image


      5 years ago

      excellent hub devika, you touched a very important topic, i think spirituality plays a major role in making and defining the vision and goal of life. liked your article so much and the lesson it gave, wonderful post devi, stay blessed dear!

    • DDE profile imageAUTHOR

      Devika Primić 

      5 years ago from Dubrovnik, Croatia

      Pamela99 thank for sharing your thoughts on Spiritual and Stress and for the kind comment

    • Pamela99 profile image

      Pamela Oglesby 

      5 years ago from Sunny Florida

      I have found that spirituality is the source of my happiness, and because I have so many health problems it has also helped heal me. I discovered that when I was stressed the disease of lupus would flareup within a few days, so this taught me how important it is to appreciate the little things that increase my spirituality.

      I love the way that you started this hub and all the different aspects that you covered. Well done.

    • DDE profile imageAUTHOR

      Devika Primić 

      5 years ago from Dubrovnik, Croatia

      CraftytotheCore Thanks for the encouraging comment I look forward to reading something new from you daily your work is so well thought of and displayed, in detail and the photos are always with great presentation. I am so glad you came by

    • DDE profile imageAUTHOR

      Devika Primić 

      5 years ago from Dubrovnik, Croatia

      hi kidscrafts nature brings peace to me and is really such a wonder of life, thanks for votes up so glad you came by and shared you wonderful mind.

    • kidscrafts profile image


      5 years ago from Ottawa, Canada

      Great hub, DDE... as always! Great subject!

      I separate religion from spirituality but I think this is probably different for each individual!

      I love nature and it brings me a lot of peace on the spiritual level. Yesterday, I went to see Canada geese on a river and I waited until they left for the night. I don't know where they go but to see them talk together before they left and organize themselves on the water before flying away is just fantastic... it brings me closer from nature and also it brings a nice sense of peace. I am at awe with nature, it's so big and so powerful, I can just admire it!

      Voted up and very interesting piece, DDE!

      Have a great week!

    • CraftytotheCore profile image


      5 years ago

      I love how you presented this Hub DDE. When I read your articles, your words come together perfectly and the reader captures the essence of everything you write about in perfect harmony. This goes for all of your Hubs. I really appreciate what you write about and how it all comes together.

    • DDE profile imageAUTHOR

      Devika Primić 

      5 years ago from Dubrovnik, Croatia

      Shyron E Shenko thanks for all votes and shared you so pleased to read another comment from you

    • DDE profile imageAUTHOR

      Devika Primić 

      5 years ago from Dubrovnik, Croatia

      FlourishAnyway, Croatia is one of most beautiful countries in Europe if ever you decide to come to Croatia you can always stay with me I will be your tour guide. Thanks for all comments on my and for sharing your valuable thoughts here.

    • DDE profile imageAUTHOR

      Devika Primić 

      5 years ago from Dubrovnik, Croatia

      sheilamyers thanks for sharing your great thoughts here so nice of you to comment on my hubs

    • Shyron E Shenko profile image

      Shyron E Shenko 

      5 years ago from Texas

      There is some very good advice in your article DDE. I very much enjoyed this.

      voted up UAI and shared

    • FlourishAnyway profile image


      5 years ago from USA

      Although I do not practice organized religion, I am very spiritual philosophically, believing that we are all connected. I especially enjoyed your introduction and the photos that are quite remarkable landscapes. I hope one day to see Croatia.

    • profile image


      5 years ago

      I think I separate religion and spirituality in a slightly different way, but the benefits of each come out the same in the end. Great job!

    • DDE profile imageAUTHOR

      Devika Primić 

      5 years ago from Dubrovnik, Croatia

      Faith Reaper you said right and I so agree thanks for all votes and for leaving such a delightful comment

    • DDE profile imageAUTHOR

      Devika Primić 

      5 years ago from Dubrovnik, Croatia

      MG Singh thanks for commenting

    • Faith Reaper profile image

      Faith Reaper 

      5 years ago from southern USA

      Excellent piece here and great insight! Before I had that close and intimate relationship with the Lord, I had no peace in my life, but now, all is wonderful. Once I pray and cast all my cares to Him, then that sweet peace rains down on me.

      Up and more and sharing

      Hugs and blessings,

      Faith Reaper

    • MG Singh profile image

      MG Singh 

      5 years ago from Singapore

      This is a nice post. Very well written and presented

    • DDE profile imageAUTHOR

      Devika Primić 

      5 years ago from Dubrovnik, Croatia

      billybuc thanks for the kind comment and for taking the time to stop by

    • billybuc profile image

      Bill Holland 

      5 years ago from Olympia, WA

      I am a spiritual being having a human experience. I love the way you begin an important lesson about life with a story. Excellent introduction and lesson.

    • DDE profile imageAUTHOR

      Devika Primić 

      5 years ago from Dubrovnik, Croatia

      Hi MsDora that is an interesting explanation and you said it so perfectly. Thanks for commenting hope you write a new hub soon.

    • MsDora profile image

      Dora Weithers 

      5 years ago from The Caribbean

      DDE, you covered several concepts in this article. Yes, spirituality can affect our stress level, if we know how to access and claim the peace we need. As for the difference between religion and spirituality, it may not be answered by a definition, but the way individuals perceive them. We need to fret less and spend more time an energy in appreciation as you rightly suggest.


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