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Ten Words (Commandments) and Ten Things God Said at Creation—Part Two

Updated on September 5, 2017


Part One of this series viewed the first three "Words" that God commanded the children of Israel in Exodus chapter 20 along with the first three things of the ten "and God saids" spoken in the creation account.

The summary of these first three Words and Sayings sets a firm foundation of the revelation of our need of an established relationship with God through the delivering work of His one and only Son, setting ourselves apart for Him by having no other gods, distinguishing Him above all else, and exalting His name rather than tearing it down by representing Him in the way we speak and live.

We will continue on with the series beginning with the fourth "Word"

"Remember the Sabbath"
"Remember the Sabbath" | Source

The Fourth of the Ten Words

“Remember the Sabbath day, to keep it holy.Six days you shall labor and do all your work, but the seventh day is the Sabbath of the Lord your God. In it you shall do no work: you, nor your son, nor your daughter, nor your male servant, nor your female servant, nor your cattle, nor your stranger who is within your gates.For in six days the Lord made the heavens and the earth, the sea, and all that is in them, and rested the seventh day. Therefore the Lord blessed the Sabbath day and hallowed it"

— Exodus 20:8-11

I find this one to be somewhat intriguing in that it is ranked before "“You shall not murder" and yet it is one most typically considered optional of all the things God spoke. Maybe that is why God punctuated this Word by beginning it with "Remember" The following portion of scripture clearly shows what it is that God wants us to remember.

“Beware that you do not forget the Lord your God by not keeping His commandments, His judgments, and His statutes which I command you today, lest—when you have eaten and are full, and have built beautiful houses and dwell in them; and when your herds and your flocks multiply, and your silver and your gold are multiplied, and all that you have is multiplied; when your heart is lifted up, and you forget the Lord your God who brought you out of the land of Egypt, from the house of bondage; who led you through that great and terrible wilderness, in which were fiery serpents and scorpions and thirsty land where there was no water; who brought water for you out of the flinty rock; who fed you in the wilderness with manna, which your fathers did not know, that He might humble you and that He might test you, to do you good in the end—then you say in your heart, ‘My power and the might of my hand have gained me this wealth.’

“And you shall remember the Lord your God, for it is He who gives you power to get wealth, that He may establish His covenant which He swore to your fathers, as it is this day. Then it shall be, if you by any means forget the Lord your God, and follow other gods, and serve them and worship them, I testify against you this day that you shall surely perish

— Deuteronomy 8:11-19

By not observing His Word to Sabbath we won't remember what He did or why He did it and we will begin to think that our power and might has saved us and gotten us where we are.

For by grace you have been saved through faith, and that not of yourselves; it is the gift of God, not of works, lest anyone should boast.For we are His workmanship, created in Christ Jesus for good works, which God prepared beforehand that we should walk in them.

— Ephesians 2:8-10

I sincerely believe that the importance and value of the "Word" to observe the Sabbath is relative to resting in the completed work of Christ on the cross and further exampled by the children of Israel's entrance into the promised land of milk and honey which was a forward glance at our eternal rest with Him. Recall when they entered into the land under the leadership of Joshua, God reminded them that they did not work for it. in the same way we have not earned our salvation nor eternal position by our own works but instead by the work of God alone. Jesus is our Joshua leading is to that eternal rest.

"I have given you a land for which you did not labor, and cities which you did not build, and you dwell in them; you eat of the vineyards and olive groves which you did not plant.’

— Joshua 24:13

Notice the mention of vegetation as we will be connecting this with the fourth thing God said

The Fourth "And God Said"

“Let the earth bring forth grass, the herb that yields seed, and the fruit tree that yields fruit according to its kind, whose seed is in itself, on the earth”

— Genesis 1:11

God provided vegetation as symbolic of resting in God's works and provisions and not our own in the very beginning. Notice the trees, on the first day, were all edible symbolizing provision.

I also note that all of these elements are green. Scientifically speaking green is the most "restful" color to the human eye according to Gretchen Reynolds, a "New York Times" blogger in an article she wrote titled "Easing Brain Fatigue With a Walk in the Park"1.

I also once watched a PBS special about ergonomics, where it was presented that, in certain work environments green was strategically used as eye relief such as a watch repair counter was made green to be soothing to the repair person's eyes as they did their intricate work. They also noted some hospitals using green surgical gowns for the same reason.

The Lord God planted a garden eastward in Eden, and there He put the man whom He had formed.And out of the ground the Lord God made every tree grow that is pleasant to the sight and good for food. The tree of life was also in the midst of the garden, and the tree of the knowledge of good and evil

— Genesis 1:8-9

When man left the garden (communion with God) he lost his provision.

Cursed is the ground for your sake (because of you); In toil you shall eat of it...In the sweat of your face you shall eat bread

— Genesis 3:17,19

In Genesis chapter two God instructs Adam to "tend' and "keep" the garden. The Hebrew word "tend" is most typically translated in the Bible "serve" which is essentially tending to someone else's work. In terms of the "Garden", It was God's work that Adam was to serve Him in. This Hebrew word is also the same as the word for "serve" as it pertained to the priests in God's temple.

We see in Genesis three, after Adam's disobedience, that man's life will now depend on the earth from which he was made, and require sweat and toil for his physical existence.

Observing the Sabbath for us includes remembering and recounting that, unless God had done what He did in sacrificing His one and only Son, and His Son's willingness to do it, that is all we would have...a life of toil for absolutely nothing and the final result would be eternity without Him.

Jesus also references plant life as totally depending on God for its growth and success in His discourse to those who follow Him to not worry about the things of this life but to be totally dependent on the God who truly cares for them.

Consider the lilies of the field, how they grow: they neither toil nor spin;and yet I say to you that even Solomon in all his glory was not arrayed like one of these

— Matthew 6:28-29

Paul uses the analogy of planting and growing as he addresses the problem of some who wanted credit for the "work" they were doing along with their attempt to "grow" in status via their associations rather than through God

Who then is Paul, and who is Apollos, but ministers through whom you believed, as the Lord gave to each one? I planted, Apollos watered, but God gave the increase. So then neither he who plants is anything, nor he who waters, but God who gives the increase

— I Corinthians 3:5-7

I hope we can see in this study that the Sabbath is about so much more than church attendance. It's about truly considering who He is, what He has done, and setting Him apart for a whole day in our mind, and in our heart expressing our faith in the activity of rest that He really is the source of our salvation and success.

That is where we truly grow and can reproduce

Some Additional Notes and Fascinating Facts Relating to the Seven Day Sabbath Cycle

The following information was gathered and presented by I am condensing the information that is relevant to this topic.

Franz Halberg of the University of Minnesota, the father of chronobiology" became interested in the subject when observing Physician friends of his parent's practice that patients with pneumonia either recovered or died in seven days.

Further research discovered that the human body seems to follow 7-day cycles such as heartbeat, blood pressure, body temperature, urine chemistry and volume, even the common cold follows a 7-day pattern.

Malaria and pneumonia peak at seven days, chicken pox most usually appear 14 days after exposure. Increase in swelling is noted in surgical patients both on the 7th and 14th days after surgery


Fifth of the Ten Words

“Honor your father and your mother, that your days may be long upon the land which the Lord your God is giving you"

— Exodus 20:12

This "Word" is also recited in the New Testament, with the addition and observation that it comes with a promise.

“Honor your father and mother,” which is the first commandment with promise: “that it may be well with you and you may live long on the earth.”

— Ephesians 6:2-3

To honor in Hebrew means to give weightiness and value too. To esteem highly. A deeper study of the Hebrew Word for honor can be viewed in the article "Glory and Liver"

"Living long on the earth" is our connection to the next thing, "God said"


The Fifth "And God Said"

Then God said, “Let there be lights in the firmament of the heavens to divide the day from the night; and let them be for signs and seasons, and for days and years

— Genesis 1:14

At first glance, you may wonder what is the connection here. I did. The beautiful thing about the Bible is it will many times explain itself because it's messages, themes, and symbols are always consistent, as we will see this explained in the story of Joseph.

Then he dreamed still another dream and told it to his brothers, and said, “Look, I have dreamed another dream. And this time, the sun, the moon, and the eleven stars bowed down to me.”So he told it to his father and his brothers; and his father rebuked him and said to him, “What is this dream that you have dreamed? Shall your mother and I and your brothers indeed come to bow down to the earth before you?”And his brothers envied him, but his father kept the matter in mind

Genesis 37:9-11

As is shown in the above verse God uses this connection and comparison of the heavenly bodies with family. This is also exhibited in the account of Abraham.

"blessing I will bless you, and multiplying I will multiply your descendants as the stars of the heaven and as the sand which is on the seashore..."

— Genesis 22:17

We might see that God is showing us that our earthly relationships are directly related to our spiritual heavenly relationship with God that kick off the rest of the instructions to how we treat all others. This can be seen as a reminder that we are more than just earthly beings we are spiritual.

Just as the Sun gives us a picture of God, that illuminates the moon, representing the church His bride. The stars representing the children they produce and the heavens themselves background this picture with the infinity of eternity.

This father, mother, child relationship was to always image the relationship of God with His people and the blessed fruit that comes from that union.

God created man in His own image; in the image of God He created him; male and female He created them.Then God blessed them, and God said to them, “Be fruitful and multiply

— Genesis 1:27-28

"That you may live long on the land" can be connected to our eternity with God as well as our length of days on this earth

Is it possible that all of our relationships are technically transactions with God and spiritual? Honoring our mother and father is a mirror to honoring our creator God.


Sixth of the Ten Words

“You shall not murder"

— Exodus 20:13

Interesting that this is the "sixth" Word, considering that, according to biblical numerics six is the number of the life of man. Also, the sixth letter of the Hebrew Aleph-Bet is the letter vav which represents the image of a nail. Nails, as scripturally referenced, were an instrument of the crucifixion... of Christ's innocent death. He was "led as a lamb to the slaughter" (Isaiah 53) for our transgressions.

In John chapter 8 Jesus confronts the religious rulers of the day who were seeking to kill Him and references whose commands and ways they are obeying.

You are of your father the devil, and the desires of your father you want to do. He was a murderer from the beginning

— John 8:44

Although we understand that Christ's death was part of the plan of salvation, we see how He even bore and took the sin of murder as He pointed to its source.

It is valuable to reflect as well that we can kill in other ways besides physical killing. We can assassinate someone's character with our words. We can kill their hope with our negativity, We can annihilate one's soul with an insult.

Our life inside and out is precious and significant to God.


The Sixth "And God Said"

“Let the waters abound with an abundance of living creatures, and let birds fly above the earth across the face of the firmament of the heavens"

— Genesis 1:20

The sanctity of life is depicted here as originating from God. It is the first time living creatures appear in the creation scenery. More importantly, the living creature "man" (created on the sixth day) contained the breath of life that God gave Him.

"the Lord God formed man of the dust of the ground, and breathed into his nostrils the breath of life; and man became a living being"

— Genesis 2:7

Human beings contain the image of God (spiritual)...

Let Us make man in Our image, according to Our likeness

— Genesis 1:26

...and physically we bear the image of our parents. Genetically we are made up of two sets of chromosomes one set from our father and one set from our mother. The sanctity of life isn't just about respecting "breath" but respecting the image we were all created to reflect.

In conclusion we can summarize that we are to remember and value God as the creator and the source of life (Word four) as well as image our understanding of this in our family relationships by valuing and respecting our earthly creators/parents (Word five) and furthermore respecting the sanctity of life in all human life (Word six).

Part three will continue and conclude.


Create Again ~ Aaron Shust

© 2013 Tamarajo


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    • Tamarajo profile image

      Tamarajo 3 years ago

      Thank you for your visit and comment Lady E

    • Lady_E profile image

      Elena 3 years ago from London, UK

      Nice to be reminded of this. Thanks.

    • shelpeare profile image

      shelpeare 3 years ago

      You're welcome Tamarajo. I'm glad to be of help and to be used by God. It is always a pleasure. Feel free to ask for the Bible's take on any issue and once I see your message I will get back to you. God is certainly extraordinary especially when people from different parts of the world can have a discussion of this nature without even leaving their homes.

    • Tamarajo profile image

      Tamarajo 3 years ago

      Thank you very much for taking the time to explain all this to me. Best explanation I have received. I have made inquiry of this very matter on several occasions and never have really received a clear answer until now. Thank you for sharing all of your additional insight and wisdom on both the Sabbath and the number seven. God is so extraordinary isn't He?

    • shelpeare profile image

      shelpeare 3 years ago

      Concerning sevens, the book of Revelation is replete with sevens - seven churches, seven stars, seven candlesticks, seven angels, seven vials, seven seals, seven trumpets etc. I read a book by Grant Jeffrey where he said that many of the gestational cycles of animals are divisible by seven. There is the monthly cycle of women which is really 28 days or 4 x 7 days, with the 14th day (2 x 7) being ovulation. Then we have seven colors of the rainbow, seven continents, the seven stars of the constellation Pleiades and even seven notes on the musical scale. Some say it is eight but it is really seven notes and the eight is nothing but the first note on a higher or lower octave - Doh, Re, Mi, Fa, So, La, Ti and back to Doh again.

    • shelpeare profile image

      shelpeare 3 years ago

      Concerning the Passover I believe that Jesus died on a Friday, the 14th day of the first month. That would suggest that that was a different type of counting much like how we count on our calendars today where Saturday can be the 1st, 2nd, 3rd etc day of the month but still the 7th day of the week. Any day can be March 1st, March 2nd, March 3rd etc but only one day can be the first day of the week, the second day of the week etc. The counting of the days of the month and the days of the week are two separate things. However, those ceremonial sabbaths were part of the Ceremonial Law and did not have the same weight as the seventh day Sabbath of the Ten Commandments on which they were based. After the cross the old ceremonial Sabbaths of the Ceremonial Law which pointed to Jesus dying as a lamb were no longer to be kept but God's seventh day Sabbath continued to be held sacred by the apostles. The Sabbath is separate from those other feast day sabbaths in that it was there from at least Creation while the others are only heard of in the days of Moses. The book containing those Ceremonial laws were kept at the side of the ark of the covenant and were written by Moses. The Ten Commandment however were written by God's own finger in stone and were placed inside the ark. So there is a definite difference between the two.

    • Tamarajo profile image

      Tamarajo 3 years ago

      I meant first month

    • Tamarajo profile image

      Tamarajo 3 years ago

      but what about the example I gave as with the passover Bible text says that it was celebrated on the 14th day of the 2nd month? Was this a different counting of days?

    • shelpeare profile image

      shelpeare 3 years ago

      The weekly cycle has never been disturbed since creation. When Pope Gregory XIII introduced the Gregorian calendar he made Thursday 4th October , 1582 jump to Friday 15th October, 1582. However, in doing that he did not change the order of the days. It did not affect the weekly cycle since Thursday was still followed by Friday. The weekly cycle has never been affected by any changes man has instituted. The Jews are still keeping the same Sabbath they did in Jesus’ day. It has been estimated that in at least 108 languages – ancient and modern, irrespective of geography or religion – that the word for Saturday the seventh day of the week means “Sabbath.”

      Here are some examples of what Saturday in various languages is:

      Sabado - Spanish, Galician, Portuguese and Tagalog; Sabadu – Catalan, Aranese; Dissabt; Sabadu – Asturian; Subota – Bosnian, Croatian, Ukrainian; Sabota – Bulgarian, Macedonian; Sabbatu – Corsican; Sobota – Czech, Slovak, Slovenian; Sabato – Esperanto; Samedi (from Latin “dies Sabbati” which means “day of the Sabbath”); Sabati – Georgian; Sabtu – Indonesian; Sabbatim - Latin; Sabbato – Neapolitan; Sappadu – Sardinian.

      Google “Days of the week in different languages – Omniglot.”

      Add to all this the fact that the word “Sabbath” in the original Hebrew is very close to the Hebrew word for “seven” so it cannot be on any other day, especially since Jesus said that He would not change the Ten Commandments.

      Matt. 5:17,18

      17 Think not that I am come to destroy the law, or the prophets: I am not come to destroy, but to fulfil.

      18 For verily I say unto you, Till heaven and earth pass, one jot or one tittle shall in no wise pass from the law, till all be fulfilled.

      Dan. 7:25 foretold that a certain power would “think to change times and laws” and that very power – the Catholic Church admit that it was they who changed the Sabbath to Sunday and that there is no scriptural authority for doing so. They then say that they have power to change times and laws and they said this in their official books in almost the exact wording prophesied in Daniel a few thousand years before!

    • Tamarajo profile image

      Tamarajo 3 years ago

      Greatly appreciated!

    • shelpeare profile image

      shelpeare 3 years ago

      I will get back to you with a comprehensive answer shortly. I am gathering some interesting details.

    • Tamarajo profile image

      Tamarajo 3 years ago

      I also read an article about how living organisms actually follow 7 day cycles as in heart rhythm body chemistry and teeth growth. When my granddaughter had her tonsils out the surgeon explained that the 7th day would be the worst and it was. It would be fascinating to find out if these 7 day rhythms follow a particular calendar day.

    • Tamarajo profile image

      Tamarajo 3 years ago

      so is what your saying that the way days are counted now is in keeping with when time began? So is it just the feasts that were scheduled by moon cycles? I sincerely want to understand this. Example: the passover that was celebrated on the "14th" day of the 1st month. was the 14th day based on the 7 day cycle's as we observe them or was this a separate form of counting of days for the celebration sake.

    • Tamarajo profile image

      Tamarajo 3 years ago

      Still very confusing. I know modern Jews celebrate Saturday and I understand the day beginning at evening but I would like to know is this in keeping with how the Jews in biblical times observed the calendar. If you have information on this I would appreciate it.

    • shelpeare profile image

      shelpeare 3 years ago

      The Gregorian calendar did not change the order of days but it changed whether a day was the 25th in the month etc. as opposed to the 30th. That is something that changes every month but the order of the days does not change. March 29th was a Saturday but it was still the seventh day of the week. The following Saturday will be the 5th but it is still the seventh with respect to the week. In many languages the seventh day is saturday. For example "Sabado" which is Sabbath in Spanish is called "Saturday" when translated. In Italian "Sabato" is "saturday" but really means "Sabbath." The Jews still keep "Saturday." We speak of Jesus dying on Good Friday and the Bible says that the following day was the Sabbath followed by the first day of the week. The Jews still keep "Saturday." The catch is, however, that in the Bible the day really begins and ends at sunset so "Saturday" or the Sabbath is really from sunset Friday to sunset Saturday. The Roman Catholic church has also admitted that it was they who changed the Sabbath from the seventh day to the first so everything points to Saturday as the real Sabbath because man cannot authoritatively change God's day without His sanction.

    • Tamarajo profile image

      Tamarajo 3 years ago

      Shelpeare I do agree that we have made light of a very significant and necessary observance that is commanded by God. Many argue that its Old testament and to make it sound like a requirement sounds a bit legalistic. But if this is the case should we also consider the other 9 commandments optional such as commands not to lie, cheat, steal, kill, committ adultery and or have other gods.

      As far as a specific day is concerned I find it rather confusing. Some say Saturday some say Sunday and all arguments are based on the number of days in a week on the gregorian calendar. In the Bible the gregorian calendar was not used. Days of a week were based on moon cycles which is why they were numbered rather than named. If we were to rise to that level of technicality neither one would be correct in that the 7th day would fall on random days of the gregorian calendar. Sometimes I feel the argument about the technicality of the correct day is what ends up being legalistic in that it misses the point and purpose of the observance itself as expressed in the article

      I personally select a day of the week that works best to spend uninterrupted time studying His Word and enjoy His creation by observing and studying that as well.

      Just an added point to the Hebrew word pictograph of the word shabbat expresses the idea of returning to the covenant. one out of every 7 days should be spent recaliberating ourselves to the covenant aspects of our relationship with God.

      Thank you much for your visit and comment and additional insight.

    • shelpeare profile image

      shelpeare 3 years ago

      Concerning the fourth commandment - the Sabbath - the fact that God stated "Remember" shows that that commandment is so very important to God and He knows that people to see it as optional. It is the one commandment that lets us know exactly who God is. Jesus kept the Sabbath continually as Luke 4:16 attests. Paul continually kept the Sabbath too (Acts 17:2; 18:4). The seventh day is the only day that God sanctified. Isaiah 66:22,23 says that even in Heaven we will be keeping the Sabbath.

    • no body profile image

      Robert E Smith 4 years ago from Rochester, New York

      Tam, it is only 10 chapters a day and you get through in four months. It is great. Plus when you realize that most pastors have not read through once it makes you feel like you have respect for each and every author in there. I know when Ezra speaks to me in heaven I just may know what he is referring to. I want to honestly thank you for you helped take a burden off my conscience about Sabbath. Thank God for giving you such wisdom.

    • Tamarajo profile image

      Tamarajo 4 years ago

      Four month reading through the scriptures. Wow! That would be quite a challenge but what a great way to view the scriptures in a big picture way.

      I have heard to that the Sabbath is for the Jew too but it makes me wonder if this is so why is it in the Ten Commandments that we assume is intended for us as well. all the other commands seem fitting and relevant to obey and follow after. It must hold some significance for us as well.

      I appreciate your following along and for your supportive comments. Will be stopping by soon.

    • no body profile image

      Robert E Smith 4 years ago from Rochester, New York

      The fourth Word is amazing to me. I am beginning in just a few days to begin my every 4 month read-through of Scriptures and this part, that of the Sabbath has always bothered me. I read it in context and it was not optional. My pastor and mentor had always said that the Sabbath was made for the Jew but I always felt that there was more but couldn't quite see it. This portion has given me great peace for I am stopping to rest at His feet. I am giving Him portions regularly to remind myself Who He is and What He's done. Thank you. Part 2 was as great if not a greater blessing than part 1. Moving on to part3.

    • Tamarajo profile image

      Tamarajo 4 years ago

      Hi Blossom,

      I agree that when we truly understand who He is it will be our pleasure to obey and loving God Will result in loving people.

      Thank you for your encouragement and comment.

    • Tamarajo profile image

      Tamarajo 4 years ago

      Ambitious Marketer, your question seems more suitable for a forum topic as it does appear the question is about debating religious views rather than commentary on the material I have presented.

      Thank you for your visit

    • AmbitiousMarketer profile image

      Mark Johnson 4 years ago from England

      Would the U.S and Canada be a Buddhist nation had it been China and Japan who dominated the world? Britain and France spread Christianity to all 4 corners of the Earth including the New World. Why is South and Central America predominantly Catholic? The Spanish Armada. Why are English speaking countries Christian? Because Rome pushed west to the regions of Britain and France

      I promise I'm not starting a rift this is a genuine discussion as I know many religious followers don't research their religions history.

    • BlossomSB profile image

      Bronwen Scott-Branagan 4 years ago from Victoria, Australia

      Yes, if we remember our Creator, it follows that we will make every effort to obey His commandments. I love the way you have set this out so clearly. God bless you.

    • Tamarajo profile image

      Tamarajo 4 years ago

      Hello shofarcall, Yes and Amen! All glory to God. What is becoming more evident in this study to me is that God is really showing us who He is. that He is all the goodness He is setting forth before us in these Words. Its like these things He speaks is an invitation to His atmosphere of goodness and righteousness. It is Christ of course who obeyed this without fault but the principles of entering into this goodness by faith in Christ still stands.

      Thank you so much for your confirming comment, visit, and vote.

    • shofarcall profile image

      shofarcall 4 years ago

      An awesome follow on hub from the first one - full of the richness of who our Heavenly Father is and the interconnectedness of honouring - our earthly parents as well as the great I AM and the sanctity of life. Thou shalt not murder. Let us remember the Glory of our Father from whom all good things come. Amen. Thanks and God Bless. Voted awesome and up.

    • Tamarajo profile image

      Tamarajo 4 years ago

      LG, You are so right that there is so much to learn. I can see how there is an eternity of the wonders of God to discover. What a privilege to be able have the Words He spoke to learn His mind and His heart. His truth is infinitely deep as well as high.

      I also agree that commentaries are good but nothing is really as supportive as the Word explaining itself which is why Hebrew fascinates me so because it adds even another layer or dimension of confirmation and explanation. Always so consistent. His Word never ceases to amaze me.

      I appreciate so much your visits and always supportive comments.

    • lifegate profile image

      William Kovacic 4 years ago from Pleasant Gap, PA

      Hi TJ,

      Another wonderful, in-depth hub! There really is so much for us to learn and you always leave me realizing that. I especially like your line, "The beautiful thing about the Bible is it will many time explain itself . . . ." Although I have several commentaries and use them from time to time, the Bible is still its own best commentary. Thanks for another wonderful post.