ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

The Axiom of Revelation

Updated on March 13, 2019
jasonlpetersen profile image

I have been studying philosophy since 2011. I am the author of the book, 'Apologetics Made Simple.'

Preliminary Considerations

Before explaining the axiom of revelation, some terms need to be defined. A logical system is a set of propositions that are organized in systematic fashion. A logical system, when it pertains to philosophy, is an assortment of axioms, properly basic beliefs, and theorems.

An axiom (also known as a first principle) is an indemonstrable starting point in a logical system. Everyone who has any beliefs must have an axiom. This is because in order to draw a conclusion, you have to start somewhere, for a conclusion comes after a preceding point. It is like racing. If you don't start, you can't begin, and if you can't begin, you can't finish the race. Some people think that every claim must be demonstrable, but this results in an infinite regress of claims, and thus, their philosophy collapses because they must logically conclude that nothing can be known at all.

In this article, a properly basic belief is a belief that is true by definition given the truth of a proposed axiom or an inferred theorem.These beliefs are not formally inferred from an axiom or a theorem, rather, these beliefs are considered true by definition.

A theorem is a proposition that is inferred either from an axiom or a properly basic belief. In order for a theorem to be defensible, it must be deduced from the axiom or the properly basic belief by necessary consequence.

Testing Axioms

Since axioms are starting points in philosophical systems, they are not inferred from prior propositions. If this is the case, can anyone choose any axiom they want? Technically, the answer is yes; however, when you examine the veracity of axioms, you will find that some axioms are better than others.

The way the merits of an axiom should be determined is by testing them for logical consistency. Now, axioms are not demonstrable so logical consistency does not demonstrate the truth of an axiom; however, if an axiom can answer certain philosophical questions better than others, it is at least that much better. The first question an axiom must answer is, "How do you know anything to be true?" If this question is not satisfactorily answered, any answer the system that results from that axiom to questions about ethics, the purpose of man, etc. are all beside the point. In order to answer any question at all, you have to have a way of knowing a belief is true.

Since the axiom is called, 'the axiom of revelation,' it is necessary to define what revelation means in this context. Revelation is defined as the words God has spoken to mankind.

The Axiom of Revelation

The axiom of revelation is, 'The Bible is the Word of God.' It may seem strange to posit a proposition that most believers attempt to prove as axiomatic. Why did I choose this axiom? It is because, over time and study, I have determined that secular philosophy is a failure because these philosophies have failed to establish the law of contradiction. The axiom of the revelation is the only axiom I have found so far that adequately accounts for the law of contradiction and answers the question, "How do you know anything to be true?"

Within the axiom, the Bible is defined as the propositional revelation given in the 66 books of the Bible. God is defined as the supreme being who has been revealed to us in the Bible. Because the Bible is defined as the propositional revelation given to us in the 66 books of the Bible, all of the propositions contained in the Bible are granted as true by definition, thus, the propositions contained in scripture are considered properly basic. There are also a multitude of theorems that can be deduced from this axiom and the properly basic beliefs that come with it; for instance, from the propositions in the Bible, we can make certain deductions about God's character. For example, if God does not lie (Numbers 23:19; Titus 1:2), God is honest. God doesn't lie. Therefore, God is honest. Thus, the proposition, 'God is honest,' is deduced from the propositions of scripture.

God, the Bible, and Logic

God is omniscient. This means God possesses all truths, and therefore, he knows everything (Psalm 147:5; 1 John 3:20). Since God's presence is predicated only upon himself, he must be the source of his own knowledge (Exodus 3:14; Malachi 3:6; Colossians 1:16-17). This means that God's knowledge is not learned. After all, one cannot learn anything if he already knows it all. Thus, God is the source and determiner of all truth.

If God is the determiner of all truth, and if logic is true, God is the source of logic. There are valid and necessary inferences because God decreed that there is a connection between the truth values of two propositions. Without this connection, logic would be impossible because logic, being the science of necessary inference, assumes a connection between at least two propositions. Because God is the source of logic, and because God is included in our axiom, the propositions contained in logic are properly basic beliefs because given the axiom of revelation, logic is true by definition.

Aren't Axioms Supposed to be Self Evident?

Because of space constraints, I am not able to give a full overview of the axiom of revelation and an answer to every objection in this article; however, over time, as I write more articles, I plan to expound and defend the ideas given in this article. I will, however, answer one common complaint.

Often, when presented with the axiom of revelation, an unbeliever and even sometimes a believer, will say that axioms are supposed to be self-evident. I emphatically reject this claim because if someone claims that an axiom must be self evident, they are claiming that somehow the axiom shows itself to be true. After all, what else could 'self-evident' mean other than it has to be true? Most will say that self-evident means that you have to accept the truth of the axiom in order to reject it, but even that is an instance of begging the question, for in order to say the proposition has to be true, you would have to assume its truth in the first place. There is nothing wrong with making assumptions, after all, that is what axioms are, but if you attempt to somehow show your axiom is true when it is supposed to be the starting point of your reasoning, you are arguing in a circle, and if we can demonstrate the truth of an axiom by virtue of assuming it is true, then all axioms, including the axiom of revelation may be considered 'self evident.' This, however, means that all axioms would be true by definition; this includes axioms that contradict one another. If two contrary axioms can be true in the same time and sense, the law of contradiction is false, and as a result, the distinction between knowledge (the possession of the truth) and falsehood (the possession of a false proposition) cannot be maintained; the view that axioms must be self-evident results in the opposing philosophy's collapse into the conclusion, 'nothing can be known at all.'

© 2019 Jason L Petersen


This website uses cookies

As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at:

Show Details
HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the or domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)
ClickscoThis is a data management platform studying reader behavior (Privacy Policy)