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The Doctrine of the Father

Updated on January 6, 2014

This is a study of God the Father. It seems that most people know of God the Son, and maybe even God, the Holy Spirit. Few know of the nature of God the Father, Creator of the universe. He is the Father of all, and it is necessary that we get to know Him.

Notice that I said "know of God the Son", and "know of the nature of God the Father.Yes, we must know of Him, but it is ultimately more important that we know Him. He is the giver and sustainer of life. He is life. So let us get started with our study.

God the Son Speaks of Him

God, the Son had much to say about His Father. He mentions the following attributes: 1. God is spirit (John 4:24) 2. He is omnipotent - all powerful (Matthew 19:26) 3. He is omniscient - all knowing (Matthew 10:29) 4. He is holy - morally blameless, sinless, no darkness (John 17:11 5). He is righteous (John 17:25) 6. He is a loving God (John 3:16; 17:23), and 7. He is good (Matthew 6:26, 28-30).

Even though Christ mentioned all these things about God, the one thing mentioned more than any other is that He is Father. Christ referred to God as “Father” 189 times in the Gospels. As He was Christ’s Father, so He is our Father if we come to Him through His Son. Romans 8:15-17 says, “For ye have not received the spirit of bondage again to fear, but ye have received the spirit of adoption, whereby we cry, Abba, Father. The Spirit itself beareth witness with our spirit that we are the children of God. And if children, then heirs’ heirs of God and joint-heirs with Christ: if so be that we suffer with him, that we may also be glorified together.” We inherit the same that Christ inherits. Part of that is becoming a child of God, and He becoming our Father.

God is the Father of Life

We are told in Psalm 36:9 that “For with thee is the fountain of life: in thee shall we see light.” In the New Testament we are told “For as the Father hath life in himself; so hath he given tot he Son to have life in himself.” God the Father is the only One that has life in “Himself.” Life comes from the root of life, and that life is in God the Father.

Out of nothingness God created life. “…Let them praise the name of the LORD: for he commanded, and they were created” (Psalm 148:5). God is the Author of life. All life comes from Him and He is the sustainer of all life. He is the One that has planned your life and we must be sure to follow Him the whole way through. Jeremiah says in chapter 29:11, “For I know the thoughts that I think toward you, saith the LORD, thoughts of peace, and not evil, to give you an expected end.” The word “tiqvah” translated here as “expected” means the thing that I long for. In other words, God has planned for us to be fulfilled, but only by following the giver of life will we receive abundant life. Psalm 139:17 says, “How precious also are thy thoughts unto me, O God! how great is the sum of them.” God’s thoughts to us-ward are precious as He seeks to give us life

God the Father in Action

We will not belabor the point, but following is a list of other actions of God the Father. 1. He cares for plant life (Psalm 104:14, 16; Matthew 6:28-30) 2. He cares for nature (Psalm 104:14, 16, 18, 20, 21, 27; Matthew 6:26; 10:29) 3. He cares for the weather (Psalm 135:6, 7; 147:8, 16, 18; 148:8) and 4. He cares for the seasons (Genesis 8:22; Acts 14:17).

We see that the Father sent the Son. Jesus speaks in John 20:21, “As my father hath sent me, even so send I you.” Again in John 6:57 He says, “As the living Father hat sent me, and I live by the father.”

The Father commanded the angels to worship the Son (Hebrews 1:6). The Father sealed the Son (John 6:27). The Father honored the Son (John 8:54). He bore witness of His Son (John 10:17). He loves His Son (John 17:1, 5).

In John 8:28 we read that God taught His Son. “Then said Jesus unto them. When ye have lifted up the Son of man, then shall ye know that I am he, and that I do nothing of myself; but as my Father hath taught me, I speak these things.” Look at Luke 2:52 where we read, “And Jesus increased in wisdom and stature, and in favour with God and man." In His humanity, there were some things that Jesus needed to be taught. Again, Matthew 24:36 shows us this. “But of that day and hour knoweth no man, but my Father only.” Jesus apparently in His humanity, did not even know the day of His return, but the Father only.

God the Father anointed His Son (John 3:34). He delighted in His Son (Isaiah 42:1 Matthew 17:5; II Peter 1:17). He listened to His Son (John 11:41, 42; 12:27, 28; Mathew 26:52, 53). He offered His Son (John 18:11; Romans 8:32; I John 4:9, 10). He was satisfied with the Son (John 8:29).

He raised His Son (Galatians 1:1; Ephesians 1:20). The Father exaltedHis Son (Philippians 2:9-11; Ephesians 1:21). The Father set His Son as head of the church (Ephesians 1:22). Lastly, He placed His Son in a position of judgment (John 5:22,27).

God the Father in Salvation

God the Father is the Father not only of Jesus Christ, but He is the Father of every believer. We can come before Him at any time crying, “Abba, Father.” God is the creator of all men, but He is only the Father to those who believe on Him (I John 3:1). He foreknew the believer (Romans 8:29; I Peter 1:2). He predestined the believer (Ephesians 1:11; Acts 13:48). Foreknowledge and predestination has nothing to do with God arbitrarily choosing certain individuals for Heaven or for hell. God in His foreknowledge knew who would trust His Son, and those individuals were predestined to be conformed to the image of His Son. That ought to be taking place on a daily basis for the Christian, but it will find its completeness when we all get to Heaven.

God the Father elected the believer (Ephesians 1:4; II Thessalonians 2:13; I Peter 1:1, 2). He gave all the elected believers to His Son (John 6:44; 10:29; 13:3).

He called the believers (Romans 8:30). He conforms the believer to the image of His Son (Romans 8:29). He redeemed the believer (Ephesians 1:7). He sealed the believer with the Holy Spirit (Ephesians 1:13; 4:30).

He justified the believers (Romans 8:33). He lives within each believer (John 14:23). He keeps the believer (John 10:29; 17;11; I Peter 1:5). He honors the believer (John 12:26). God the Father blesses the believer (Ephesians 1:3). He loves him (II Thessalonians 2:16; John 14:21). He comforts the believer (II Corinthians 1:3; Revelation 21:4; II Thessalonians 2:16). He sanctifies the believer (Jude 1:1; John 17:17).

He gives peace upon the believer (Romans 1:7; I Corinthians 1:3; Galatians 1:3; Ephesians 1:2; II Thessalonians 3:16). He is glorified when we bring forth fruit (John 15:80). He reveals truth to the believer (Matthew 11:25; 16:17; Luke 10:21; Ephesians 1:17). He supplies the needs of the believer (Mathew 6:33). He seeks the worship of believers (John 4:23).

He chastises believers (Hebrews 12:5-10). He restores the believer (Psalm 23:3; 51:12; Luke 15:21-24). He will gather the believers (Ephesians 1:10). He will reward believers (Matthew 6:1; Hebrews 11:6). He will glorify believers (Romans 8:30).

Is God just sitting around watching what is taking place? Hardly! He is involved in every aspect of life because He is the Author and the Giver of life. Therefore we owe Him our life.

Please take a few minutes and watch the following videos. The wonderful salvation of God is explained in simple and understandable terms. To not know Him is to miss the joy of life, and yo9u only get one life. Make it count!

God's Simple Salvation


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    • lifegate profile image

      William Kovacic 4 years ago from Pleasant Gap, PA

      Hi Michele,

      The word Abba can be translated as "Daddy". That is personal, and God loves us like a daddy should. Unfortunately our earthly fathers don't always love us like a daddy should, but thank God, He does. Thanks for stopping by. It's always great to hear from you.

    • Michele Travis profile image

      Michele Travis 4 years ago from U.S.A. Ohio

      This is such a wonderful hub. Not only are we given the right by God to use the word Father, but Jesus taught us to use the word Abba. That is a more personal use of the word Father. The word Abba, basically shows us how much God loves us. Isn't that amazing? It makes me love Abba even more. We are so imperfect and He still loves us. Wow!

    • lifegate profile image

      William Kovacic 5 years ago from Pleasant Gap, PA

      Hi TJ,

      Yes, the Father "is fully present, interested, and involved in what and who He has created." So much more so than any earthly father, and that makes it all the more precious. Thanks for the visit and the added conversation.

    • Tamarajo profile image

      Tamarajo 5 years ago

      I loved this collaboration of scriptural images of the Father. Impressive how many times Jesus refers to the Father and how valuable our understanding of Him as father must be.

      What I particularly enjoyed about the article is that many times in present culture there is a distortion of the "father" image. This scriptural portrait brings home and images for us "The Father". Just love that! In your article I see a Father who is fully present, interested, and involved in what and who He has created. There is so much more in all the references you give that this would make an excellent meditative piece to help really form and shape our understanding of His title as Father. I think I will do that.

    • lifegate profile image

      William Kovacic 5 years ago from Pleasant Gap, PA

      Mark Johann,

      Thanks for stopping by, and glad you found the hub to be helpful. Please stop again.

    • lifegate profile image

      William Kovacic 5 years ago from Pleasant Gap, PA

      Matthew James,

      My spirit has been born of God's Spirit. He is indeed my spiritual Father. I hope that someday He will be your spiritual Father. Life is empty without Him.

    • lifegate profile image

      William Kovacic 5 years ago from Pleasant Gap, PA

      Glad you could stop by Jackie and thanks for the comment. I think that sums it up. Thanks for checking in.

    • Mark Johann profile image

      Mark Johann 5 years ago from Italy

      You have a very helpful hub here. You have cited many passages about God the Father.

      I agree with you on this. God the Father is always with us just like His son, Jesus Christ.

    • Mathew James profile image

      Mathew James 5 years ago

      God created humanity He did not father humanity. The concept of God being a father for humanity is far from truth.

    • Jackie Lynnley profile image

      Jackie Lynnley 5 years ago from The Beautiful South

      Would it be sacrilegious if I said a rose by any other name? We don't all speak the same language but our understanding speaks for itself. We who love the Father know Him as such but that name surely can be said many other ways with the very same meaning. I know all who love Jesus also love the Father.

      You have left many verses I will be interested to read into. Thanks for another great lesson.

    • lifegate profile image

      William Kovacic 5 years ago from Pleasant Gap, PA

      Matthew James,

      Yes, the original wording was written in Greek so you're right. the Greek word "pater" is used which is translated into English as "Father". We also find the word "Abba" in the original language which is also translated into English as Father. God is truly the Father as well as the Son, and the Holy Spirit. Thanks for stopping by.

    • Mathew James profile image

      Mathew James 5 years ago

      The original wording in the Gospels never use the word father. Every place the word father is used in the Gospel is a man made change.

    • lifegate profile image

      William Kovacic 5 years ago from Pleasant Gap, PA

      Hi Karen,"

      I like how you say that "Abba Father is active, interested and involved in every aspect of every believers life who belongs to His son." That sums it up, I think. Thanks for making the trip. Glad it met a need.

    • lifegate profile image

      William Kovacic 5 years ago from Pleasant Gap, PA

      Hi Jeff,

      Thanks for stopping by. As always, it's good to hear from you.

    • shofarcall profile image

      shofarcall 5 years ago

      Fantastic hub Bill on how Abba Father is active, interested and involved in every aspect of every believers life who belongs to His son.

      Too much to take in with one reading of how much Abba Father has done for us......Will reread and return. God Bless you and the family.

    • profile image

      JThomp42 5 years ago

      Awesome message my friend. God bless!!


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