ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

The Dreaming Reality - An essay on The Matrix movie and the philosophical debate of reality and illusion

Updated on July 25, 2015
The Matrix
The Matrix

YouTube: PHilosophy and the Matrix - Descartes

The Dreaming Reality

Written by Vera Lin, 2012.

Social studies discuss every aspect of our human society and about the individuals behind it. In my view, any discussion about social science without first examining its fundamental premise about human existence is not going down the rabbit hole far enough. It is my belief that consciousness is the only thing that’s real in this world, and everything we see “out there” is a mind projection like that in a dream state. When I say “this world”, I mean it as an illusive mind construction, not dissimilar to the computer-generated dream world in The Matrix (1999). Humanity are asleep in a dream and our external reality, even though it seems real by the judgement of our senses, actually does not exit in the strictest sense of the word. There are basically two types of human inhabitants in this world, the ones who know it is a dream matrix and the ones how don’t. In this essay I present ancient and modern evidences from the fields of philosophy, religion, neuroscience and Quantum theories towards this fact and discuss what this knowledge entails about our unique human position.

Eastern philosophers have known and taught about the dream-like state of our human existence over thousands of years. Whether it is Buddhism, Taoism or Hinduism, there is a general consensus that our human life is basically an illusion (Wikipedia, 2012, para. 30). Just about every Chinese adult will be able to quote 色即是空空即是色 (Embodiment is emptiness, emptiness is embodiment) due to the frequent use in public culture media, although not all of them understand its implication. As I was growing up in the eastern society, it just sounded like pretty philosophy, words uttered by the idealists who were out of touch with everyday reality. Little did I know that the more I sought to learn about human reality, the more I would discover its un-reality; the more research I unearthed for the sake of this essay, somewhat tentatively as I feared the unsubstantiality of my thesis, the more substantial evidences I was presented about this strange phenomenon.

Roughly 140 years after Buddhism was formed, the western philosopher Plato alludes to reality as illusive shadows on the cave wall of those who are enslaved from birth and never learn the truth of what’s real. The reality we experience through our physical sensory is but a poor imitation of a higher reality, which Plato calls “the Forms” (Irwin, 2002, p.13). Solipsism is an epistemological position that believes the mind creates everything , and that the external world and other minds do not exist (Wikipedia, 2012, para.1). Rene Descartes, the seventeenth century French philosopher, is well known for his thought experiments on dreams. He believes the experiences based solely on our sense perception are not trustworthy. He can feel his hands and feet as if they are real when he is awake as well as when he is asleep, therefore sense perception does not prove anything. (And modern neuroscience is finally agree with him). According to Descartes, “all external things are merely the delusions of dreams” by an external source, which are designed to ensnare our judgement (Erion & Smith, 2002, p.19). Kant, in the following century, puts forward sophisticated arguments that the world we perceive around us is in fact the subjective projections of human consciousness. “We human beings deceive ourselves” and that in projecting the world of appearance, we give it an independent reality “and thereby alienate our own freedom” (Lawler, 2002, p.138).

The Matrix DVD


Philosophy is all very well, but what about hard evidence? In fact, the scientists have been developing subatomic quantum physics for over a hundred years. Ironically, the more they look they more they find no evidence of material existence. Atoms are 99.999999999999% empty space. And what’s left is more of a vibration then a thing. It is uncannily conscious. It operates in wave form until it is being observed then it instantaneously turns into a particle. It is connected to everything else simultaneously regardless of physical distance. The field of quantum waves is conscious like and links all of existence and is where forms are called forth by the observer. (GeraldP1983, 2011) (Talbot, 1992). “In a holographic universe, consciousness pervades all matter” (Talbot, 1992, p. 145). Their discovery has prompted Marx Planck, the founder of Quantum Theories and Nobel Prize winner for physics, to say in a 1944 speech:

There is no matter as such. All matter originates and exists only by virtue of a force which brings the particle of an atom to vibration and holds this most minute solar system of the atom together. We must assume behind this force the existence of a conscious and intelligent mind. This mind is the matrix of all matter. (Planck as cited in Braden, 2007, p.1)

Theoretical physicist and string theorist, Brian Greene, states in his new book The Hidden Reality (2011) that over 30 years of quantum theoretical studies on black holes has proven that our physical reality is but a “holographic movie” projected by events that is happening on “some distant surface that surrounds us” (Greene, 2011, para.6), much like Plato’s shadows on the cave wall.

Studying the relationship between brain and memory leads neurophysiologist Karl Pribram to the conviction that there is no “out there” out there. He arrives at the discovery of a holographic brain and universe quite independently of yet concordantly with the quantum physicists. Pribram believes that we perceive of our physical objects and surroundings very similarly to the way an amputee senses his phantom limb, by ways of an illusion caused by neuron activities instead of a concrete reality (Talbot, 1992, p.54). Astonishingly, neuroscientists have all but agreed that “it’s a fact of neuroscience that everything we experience is actually a figment of our imagination” (Martinez-Conde & Macknik, 2008, para.2-4). They have discovered that the way the human brain constructs a reality is exactly the same as the way it orchestrates a dream or an illusion, and frequently, visual illusions occurs when the brain fails to recreate what is really out there. Apparently, we have “selective seeing’ (emphasis mine). The nodal point of neuropeptide receptor in our midbrain, called superior colliculus, controls the muscles behind the eyeballs and selects only images that we are prepared to find (Pert, 2003, p.147). We can’t see what we don’t want to see.

What is grasped only by transcendental spiritual seekers, arrived at by logic by western philosophers, uncovered by hard evidences by the scientists, is finally broadcasted to the mess by the loudspeaker of public culture in 1999, in the form of The Matrix. Now, everyman could embrace this knowledge should s/he chooses to. Still, the majority of humanity behaves as if their material life is all there is. A huge percentage of modern civilized human will still tell you (rather proudly) that if they can’t see or touch something then that thing must not be real. Why are we such die-hard head-in-the-sand ostriches? The only logical explanation I could think of is that humanity at large is mostly unconscious, which circles back and proves that humanity operates in a perpetual dream state. We are sleepwalkers who could not recognize the truth even if it is blatantly staring at us in the face. Perhaps this particular knowledge has not reached “the critical mass” as described in The Tipping Point (Gladwell, 2000) as a necessary mechanism to overthrown any old paradigm and bring in new behaviour based on new awareness. Perhaps the knowledge can only come when an individual wants it, just as Kant argues that true liberation can only happen if it is self-initiated (Lawler, 2002, p.141).

What I find most satisfying about The Matrix (1999) is that it models a way of liberation from our sleeping enslavement. Even if we were only enslaved by none other then our own mind, we are prisoners nonetheless. The first step of liberation is knowing that I am asleep. It stops the mind from identifying with limiting inner or outer circumstances. The second is knowing that limitation is false and that the rules in the dream world are to be bend or broken. I have a fun time saying no to illusive mental bullets. The third is knowing that I have a far bigger capacity for new “information download and upgrade” as fashioned in the movie in the form of “the construct” computer programming machine. And in order to receive new learning, I must first rid of the old ways. The fourth is to face adversaries without fear. Fear in the dream world is only for those who are still asleep and unaware. Nothing could hurt you without your mind’s permission. The fifth is overcoming the fear of death. Contrary to the rule in The Matrix, I do not believe that death in the dream world leads to ultimate death but ultimate wakefulness.

Quantum physics teaches that our intention shapes our lives. At the level of subatomic particles, the observer shapes the outcome of the experiment with his or her expectation. The quantum field is a sea of possibilities until you enter with your mind. Quantum physicists even believe that they might have “created” some subatomic particles simply by expecting and predicting about their existence (Talbot, 1992). This interesting fact brings new light to how often we are our own worst enemies by harbouring negative mindsets and expectations. Meanwhile, it gives back our power as creators of our dream reality. In quantum physics, science is finally linked back to the human individual and the social studies of the working of the human mind. The development of human potential will be more enriched while taking its findings into account.

In this essay, I put forward ancient and new evidences of the dreaming nature of our reality across several different academic fields. I propose a new way of being from the point of our new understanding. In the human dream world where our very consciousness has the tremendous and immediate power to create, Descartes’ “I think therefore I am” suddenly takes on a new and exciting meaning. Buddhist doctrines describe how a liberated human become free of the encumbering rules of human existence, including the restriction of time, space and physicality. Becoming aware of our dream reality and our infinite potential liberates our identity and society construct beyond the three-dimensional world of solidity and limitation.


Braden, G. (2007). The divine matrix: bridging time, space, miracles, and belief. California, CA: Hay House.

Erion, G. J., & Smith, B. (2002) Skepticism, morality, and The Matrix. In W. Irwin (Ed.), The Matrix and philosophy: welcome to the dessert of the real. (pp.16-27). Illinois, IL: Open Court.

Gladwell, M. (2000). The tipping point.: how little things can make a bit difference. New York, NY: Little Brown.

Greene, B. (2011). Our universe may be a giant hologram. Retrieved June 11, 2012, from

Irwin, W. (2002). Computers, caves, and oracles: Neo and Socrates. In W. Irwin (Ed.), The Matrix and philosophy: welcome to the dessert of the real. (pp. 5-15). Illinois, IL: Open Court.

Lawler, J. (2002). We are (the) one! Kant explains how to manipulate the matrix. In W. Irwin (Ed.), The Matrix and philosophy: welcome to the dessert of the real. (pp. 138-152). Illinoise, IL: Open Court.

Martinez-Conde, S., & Macknik, S. (2008). The neuroscience of illusion. Retrieved Jun 9, 2012, from

Pert, C. (2003). Molecules of emotion. New York, NY: Scribner.

Silver, J. (Producer), & Wachowski, L.,& Wachowski, A. (Directors). (1999). The matrix [Film].Warner Bros Pictures, 4000 Warner Blvd, Burbank, California, USA.

Talbot, M. (1992). The holographic universe. New York, NY: HarperPerennial.

Wikipedia. (2012). Solipsism. Retrieved June, 10, 2012, from

The Matrix
The Matrix | Source


    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    • Violet Flame profile imageAUTHOR

      Violet Flame 

      5 years ago from Auckland, NZ

      Dear Esme,

      Wow, I really wish I was in those classes with you! I love getting my mind blown, lol. I have never had the pleasure of having an academic discussion about The Matrix with anyone else besides writing up this essay, so I am a bit envious that you had a whole class discussion about it! Has your professor finished his paper? Maybe I will be able to find it on academic research site and perhaps add it to my reference! That Speculative Fiction class sounds fantastic! I might have to hide myself in your school bag! Sometimes I wonder whether I should really have taken a Creative Writing degree instead of Fine Arts, lol, but I do like having different things to play with. If we are all just dreaming anyway, might as well have a blast! lol

    • EsmeSanBona profile image


      5 years ago from Macon

      I took an English class last year wherein we not only talked a great deal about The Matrix, but the professor was writing an academic paper on the subject.

      I took a class on Speculative Fiction last year as well and the first day of class we were asked to define reality, to really think about it and say what it is. Every time someone came up with a response, either a classmate or the professor came up with a response that proved that fallacy of the statement. It's amazing that we put so much faith and stock in something we can't even actually define.

    • Violet Flame profile imageAUTHOR

      Violet Flame 

      5 years ago from Auckland, NZ

      Thank you for your wonderful comment Esme! I am so very thrilled that you like this hub! I was so worried after I handed it for my Social Studies; thankfully I have a pretty open-minded lecturer and she loved it, so it was a real relief, lol. After all, it's not everyday one writes an essay that basically says we are all just living a "dream life" right now, literally. Thank you for enlightening me about the legal terminology side of the word "reality" and "realty". I often wondered why property is called realty, and now I know! Contrary to what the legal minds might believe about "reality", it is indeed NEVER fixed. No two individuals can have the same reality even if they were on the same time/space/event. Their minds will always be a hundred miles apart, so to speak.

    • EsmeSanBona profile image


      5 years ago from Macon

      I love, love, love this hub. I feel The Matrix deserves to be a topic of philosophical discussion. Ironically, I was just today discussing the etymology of the word reality--reality started off as a legal term indicating "fixed property" and is the basis for the word realty. The Matrix is one of the best depictions and demonstrations of the how that word "reality", often, in the words of Inigo Montoya doesn't mean what we think it means.

    • Violet Flame profile imageAUTHOR

      Violet Flame 

      5 years ago from Auckland, NZ

      Dear NateB11, Thank You for your excellent comment. Yes I think the liberation comes from the realization that our limited reality is ultimately not real. I am very thrilled that you enjoyed it, as it is indeed a 'required taste,' much like olives ( I don't know why people keep saying that, I LOVE olives, lol). The world as we know, the dream world, is randomly and haphazardly created by people who are unconscious and asleep. The "thought form" that create our dream system is damaged, distorted and unknowing. Most of us operate as reactive reflexes of our memory. Sleep walkers. In the movie, The Matrix, the only true point of creation is when they consciously go to the computer loading dock of The Construct, where all is EMPTY/BLANK until they call forth their wish for manifestation. Unfortunately, we have to witness the characters calling forth massive arrays of destructive weapons. However, it can still be a great tool for us to practice mindful manifestation. As long as we remember, it is all just an illusion, and ultimately, we have the power to choose what we allow in our dream reality (is that an oxymoron?) lol.

    • NateB11 profile image

      Nathan Bernardo 

      5 years ago from California, United States of America

      What is created by thought is different from truth; thought creates our whole political, economic, social, and religious structures, and distorts perception, creates separation; and thought is always limited; we are creating the world we live in, and generally it is a very limited and disorderly world. I like how you drew together philosophy and science and also used one of my favorite movies in the examination. We indeed live in a world of illusory separation. Seeing through those limitations is liberating. Thanks for sharing.

    • Violet Flame profile imageAUTHOR

      Violet Flame 

      5 years ago from Auckland, NZ

      Hi Chinaimport,

      Thank you so much for your lovely comment! You have no idea how excited it makes me to finally talk to someone who could relate to this article. Yes I did spend some time doing my research as I have to present it as an academic article for the university. Since I have chosen my own topic, I thought it was a bit of an academic suicide writing something that basically say "nothing is real, it's only a dream." But as it turned out, it was very well received so it was a great relief. It is a topic very close to my heart and really I have been reading and researching about it for quite some time. I have been really excited by all the new quantum physic and neuroscience discoveries that's made available to general public in the recent years. Apparently the ancient Hindu Vedic teaching is a rich source of information and inspiration about this truth. I guess the clue is everywhere if one is sincere in finding the way. Once again, thank you for coming by, you've made my day! :-)

    • Chinaimport profile image

      Kamal Mohta 

      5 years ago from Guangzhou

      Its not every day that you come across such interesting article. I find it easier to draw parallel to Matrix and eastern philosophies being Hindu and working in China over 10 years. It must have taken lots of time to research and write this hub. I have read and reread to enjoy it to the fullest. I have added you and will coming for more interesting hubs. Thank you.

    • Violet Flame profile imageAUTHOR

      Violet Flame 

      6 years ago from Auckland, NZ

      Thank you chipster100! I am so glad you got something out of it. I just love The Matix :-D

    • chipster100 profile image


      6 years ago from Auckland, New Zealand

      Amazing writing, I especially love your opinions on 'The Matrix', it was a very mind-opening experience. Please continue writing! :)


    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at:

    Show Details
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the or domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)