ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

The Four Heavenly Kings

Updated on February 7, 2012

The Four Guardians or Kings

Jikoji komokuten

One of the four Heavenly Kings
One of the four Heavenly Kings | Source

Jikoji jikokuten

Jikoji jikokuten
Jikoji jikokuten | Source

Jikoji tamonten

Jikoji tamonten
Jikoji tamonten | Source

Jikoji zochoten

Jikoji zochoten
Jikoji zochoten | Source

Chomyo Komokuten

Chomyo Komokuten
Chomyo Komokuten | Source

The Four Heavenly Kings - Buddhism and Hinduism

The Four Heavenly Kings are a rather interesting part of the Buddhist and Hindu belief system. The Four Heavenly Kings originally were gods from Hinduism. It was later that they were incorporated into Buddhism. It could be said that Buddhism originally was a radical form of Hinduism. It came from China and India first, then spread to the rest of Asia. After that, it spread even further of course.

Hinduism is one of the older religious systems that we know of. It also is one of the most complex religions. It is a great goal to understand it more, as so many in our world hold Hinduism or some form of it to be true.

During its history, Hinduism led way to many different sects holding rather diverse beliefs at times. It takes a lot of study to fully understand Hinduism, to get the most accurate view you can of it.

The Four Heavenly Kings

The Four Heavenly Kings is the focus here in this hub. If you look for information on these kings, you will find it most often aligned with Buddhism. As I stated before, they were originally gods of Hinduism, and that is a good base to know about them.

In the Buddhist faith, the Four Heavenly Kings are also four gods, and each god watches over each one of the four directions in our world. You may have heard them referred to as the Guardians of the directions.

These kings are referred to of course, in many different languages, but all are referring to the Four Kings, as a group. Below I give a listing of the name of the language or people group, and the name they give to "The Four Heavenly Kings", and then the translation in English.

Names of the Four Heavenly Kings in Different Languages

In Vietnamese -Tu Thien Vuong - Four Heavenly Kings

In Thai -Chatumaharaja - Four Great Kings, or Chatulokkban - Four Guardians of the World

In Tibetan - Rgyal chen bzhi - Four Great Kings

In Chinese - Si Da Tianwang - Four Great Heavenly Kings

In Korean - Sadae Cheonwang - Four Great Heavenly Kings

In Sanskrit - Lokapala - Guardians of the World

In Mongolian - Maharanja - Four Great Kings

In Japanese -Shitenno - Four Heavenly Kings

Where are the Four Heavenly Kings?

They live in the Caturmaharajika heaven. Pali Catummaharajika, or "Of the Four Great Kings," This is on the lover slopes of the Sumeru Mountain. This is the lowest of the six worlds of the devas and Kamadhatu.

What do the Four Heavenly Kings Do?

These kings help to protect the Dharma, Buddha, and the followers of Buddhism from evil. They are in position to fight and protect. By the orders of Sakra the four kings and their helpers are to protect Trayastrimsa in particular. They had been previously attacked by the Asuras, and once threatened to end the kingdom of the devas.

The four heavenly kings also send out messengers to see what is going on among humans on the earth. They are looking for virtue and morality in particular, and then report back on their findings. They report to the assembly of the Trayastrimsa devas.

This comes from Buddhist legend of course, the idea that there are four heavenly kings that protect the world. The legends tell of how each one of the kings, leads his own mighty celestial army against evil. Again, going way back, these legends are taken from older Hindu mythology.

To see any of the photos a bit larger, simply click on the image itself. Some of them can be enlarged to see more detail.

There are so many things we can learn about other cultures and belief systems. No matter who we are, or what we believe, I think there is so much to gain from looking at other religions and worldviews.

We can often see the differences so clearly, but sometimes it is also good to see the similarities. For instance, I know of other religions that esteem virtue and morality, and have a strong sense of the evil in the world.

© 2012 Paula

Comments

    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    No comments yet.

    working

    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, hubpages.com uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at: https://hubpages.com/privacy-policy#gdpr

    Show Details
    Necessary
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the googleapis.com or gstatic.com domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Features
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Marketing
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Statistics
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)