ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel
  • »
  • Religion and Philosophy»
  • The Role of Religion in History & Society

The Ground Zero "Cross"

Updated on August 2, 2011


Amidst the rubble of the World Trade Center, following the tragic events of September 11th 2001, two cross-beams were found. These steel beams intersect each other forming a cross and are currently located in NYC as part of a memorial at ground zero. It should come as no surprise that these intersecting beams have been interpreted as a Christian symbol by many religious believers and sentimental religious value has been placed on them.

So it struck me as perplexing when an atheist group, American Atheists, filed a lawsuit against the city of New York claiming that the so-called WTC Cross violated the separation of Church and State. My guess is that many religious believers who have heard this news story are likely upset about the lawsuit. I want them to know that many in the atheist community share their attitude towards the lawsuit even if we do not share their beliefs. In this hub I will explore why I think the lawsuit is frivolous and why I feel the cross should remain at Ground Zero.

Where were you?

For Americans September 11th holds special significance. Thousands were killed or injured in the attacks. Most people, I think, remember where they were on that day. For me the memory of what happened to me on September 11th holds special significance because looking back on it is a clear reminder of why religious beliefs are dangerous - for multiple reasons. Before I talk about the cross I'm going to tell the story of where I was on September 11th and hopefully it will put what I have to say about the supposed "cross" into perspective.

I was in eighth grade, middle school, sitting in Algebra class on what seemed an ordinary Tuesday morning. Suddenly the principal came on over the loud speaker and I still get a knot in my stomach recalling the vague announcement she made. It went something like this,

"Students, reports are coming in that something has happened in NYC. We're not sure what yet but it may affect the entire East coast."

That's all we got to start with, that's all the students were given at any rate, and at the time we were down in the basement computer labs (computers which were locked out from the internet and far too old anyway) and far from a television set. I'm not sure what the rest of the students thought of those announcements, but I know what I thought. Rapture had come - and I was left behind.

I was raised in a Fundamentalist household and taught that Jesus would be returning at any moment. Throughout my teen years any event could have sparked fear of being left behind. From discovering someone's clothes left in the middle of the floor to hearing a plane overhead and wondering the pilot would be raptured out mid-flight causing the plane to crash. So I left Algebra class and headed for gym with the vague announcement the principal had given replaying over and over in my head. No matter how I dissected it my mind kept coming back to the idea of the Rapture. I can remember what that felt like, the sick hot feeling in my stomach like my organs were cooking... the ball in my throat and the heaviness of the air as I got dressed for gym class.

So there I stood figuring I'd been left behind and would now have to suffer the tribulation, likely without my family there (since I figured they had all been taken). I knew from what I'd been taught that Christians during the tribulation were beheaded by the Beast and that was the only way to get into Heaven after you'd been left behind. The possibility occurred to me that I might be too cowardly, or not have the faith, to confess Christ before the Beast and thus would be lost to Hell.

Finally I stood in line for gym, everyone was very quiet because no one knew what the hell was going on. The teacher came out and explained to use about the hijackings. While everyone else reacted with solemn silence or gasps of horror I reacted with relief. The weight off my shoulders lifted for a few moments as I realized that I didn't have to face the Tribulation or the possibility of Hell.

This is what I mean when I talk about the dangers of religious belief. It was religious belief that drove those men to fly airplanes into buildings. It was religious belief that had so distorted my sense of reality that this tragedy initiated feelings of RELIEF. Of course later on in the day I did realize the true gravity of the attacks in New York and Washington DC despite them not being the Rapture but I still remember that day not just because of its significance to all Americans but because it reminds me how fucked up religious beliefs can make you (that goes for both me and the terrorists).

Religious Freedom

Religious belief can be very dangerous but there is something more dangerous than those irrational beliefs and that is telling people what they can and can't believe. We must defend religious freedom for without it I would not have been free to leave behind the beliefs of my parents. Religious freedom is a fundamental right here in America and it's one that most atheists, and indeed most theists, both utilize and support. Some months ago when an Islamic center was to be built a few blocks from Ground Zero many Americans got enraged about the act, but most of the atheists I know of supported the so called "Ground Zero Mosque". In fact it was the first topic I ever covered here on Hubpages.

I'm not sure what the group American Atheists stance was on the Islamic Center but they are clearly against the Ground Zero Cross. To me it smacks of hypocrisy.

Despite the psychological damage that religion is capable of, despite what that religious belief did to distort my view on the morning of September 11th it is still important that we protect people's right to believe. For from that right to believe what you want comes the right to reject those beliefs.

YOU have to see it as a Cross

One of the big reasons why I think the WTC Cross should remain where it is and the lawsuit by American Atheists be dropped is that these beams are not an overtly religious symbol. We're not dealing with a crucifix carved specifically to be placed at Ground Zero as a religious monument, we're dealing with pieces of the wreckage, with a piece of history. The only way this can be claimed to be a religious symbol is by those CHOOSING to view it that way.

I've said it before elsewhere online while defending this "cross" but I'll repeat it here. These beams are no more a religious symbol than the plus-sign in the middle of a math problem is a cross. If religious students choose to do so they can imagine a tiny little Jesus stamped to their plus signs and pretend its a religious symbol but that doesn't mean we have the right to sue schools to get plus signs banned from the classroom.

This religious symbol is in the eye of the beholder. For American Atheists to come out against it proves they are playing into the mindset of believers who view the cross as religious. They are in some sense validating the believer's view of this cross. It gets worse though as they are making all atheists look back. For one thing the organization's name is American Atheists, it sounds an awful lot like they want to speak for all of us atheists here in the States.

They are also feeding into the Christian persecution complex. Most of the news stories about atheists here in America are negative. They focus on billboard campaigns arrogantly declaring that there is no God or that all religious are myth. They focus on the contrived "War on Christmas". Now they have a new target and for once its a target that I agree needs to be called out for their Bullshit. The problem is that the public's opinion of atheists is going to be shaped by this negative story as it is all the rest of the negative stories. We are portrayed as the national SCROOGES and American Atheists is making us come off as just that, a bunch of assholes yelling humbug.

Do we want theists to see us like this?

Division and Disrespect

I'm not one for superstition, I don't think any curse will befall us for disrespecting the dead but I also don't think any good can come of it. To me this lawsuit is an insult to those who died in September 11th. The tragic events of that day sparked a brief period of patriotism and brotherhood in this country that unfortunately didn't last very long. I'm not one for nationalism and I think the government is bought and paid for by wealthy special interests but that doesn't change the fact that we have fundamental freedoms protected by the Constitution. We also won't get anywhere without working together.

Why let a piece of the rubble of the WTC, a piece of rubble that should bring us together to remember that fateful day and feel a sense of camaraderie for our fellow Americans, divide us? There's already enough tension and division between atheists and theists that makes meaningful conversation difficult.


Sometimes its important to point out that atheism has no dogma, no doctrine and that not all atheists think alike. The only thing the label defines is your stance on whether you believe in god(s). Still I think its important, even if the atheist community is a disjointed mess of individuals, to call other atheists on their bullshit. This is one of those times.

The WTC beams should be left where they are. If religious folks want to view them as symbols of their Faith I have no issue with that and it most certainly doesn't violate any aspect of the First Amendment. Freedom of religion is what allows freedom FROM religion. I choose not to see this as a religious symbol, I chose long ago to be free from that superstitious way of thinking. It others choose to believe these beams are a cross, let them.


    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    • Titen-Sxull profile image

      Titen-Sxull 5 years ago from back in the lab again

      I couldn't agree more Phil. To me it's about picking the battles that actually matter to the separation of church and state. The fact that American Atheists have decided to pick this fight just makes them look like a bunch of assholes. If people want to attach religious significance to these beams that is there business but if people get outraged about it they are just validating the belief that this is anything more than a cross-beam of debris.

    • profile image

      phil 5 years ago

      I get really angry when this comes up with atheists. WHo gives a flying spagethi monster if that cross is there? The most deranged thing I have heard so far is that we have to either give everybody who died there a symbol or nothing at all. This is so incredibly painful. I can not believe that people become such whiny little kids over a stupid cross. Its not like they carved out a 70 feet cross out of wood and then shipped it over to NY to have a gold jesus put on to it. While they were cutting up the debry some guy saw the cross, they were fond of it so they kept it.

      If you are an atheist and you are offended by 2 intersecting beams of steel you need to reeveluate your priorities.

    • Paladin_ profile image

      Paladin_ 5 years ago from Michigan, USA

      Having heard nothing about this, other than what is presented in this hub, I must admit I don't know all the details involved here. However, judging from the picture provided, I'd say it's naive to assume this crossbeam isn't intended to represent a Christian cross.

      Having said, the most relevant question here is: Who's putting up this cross? If it's the city, state or federal government, then I'd say the plaintiffs have a valid case, and I encourage them to proceed.

      However, if it's some private enterprise -- if it's not the government -- then the plaintiffs can't insist that it's a church-state separation issue, and their suit is indeed frivolous.

    • Titen-Sxull profile image

      Titen-Sxull 6 years ago from back in the lab again


      I'd say your comment pretty much sums up exactly my attitude towards this case. It's all in the way the beams are seen, to me they are just wreckage but if someone wants to see them as religious that's they're right.

    • profile image

      gobangla 6 years ago

      I hadn't heard about this before and it is completely ridiculous. They are cross beams after all, so it shouldn't be any surprise that they are shaped like a cross. Yes, some religious people will take this as a sign. So what? Some religious people find signs in toast. It doesn't mean anything.

      Atheists can't afford to be hypocrites. We can't demand religious freedom when it suits us and deny it when it suits us. We have to be consistent at all times.

    • Titen-Sxull profile image

      Titen-Sxull 6 years ago from back in the lab again


      "However, it should be remembered that not everyone was a Christian who died that day, and maybe they could be recognised as well."

      The issue is that the "cross" is just a piece of wreckage, it's not an overtly religious symbol, it wasn't built by a Church or religion. Really it should be able to stand for all those who we lost regardless of their faiths since it's just a found piece of wreckage.

      I agree though, I wouldn't see anything wrong with a whole bunch of religious symbols being put up there to remember the faiths (or lack thereof) of those we lost that day.

      Thanks for the comment :)

    • profile image

      Sherlock221b 6 years ago

      Although I am an atheist, I don't see anything wrong with the cross, if it gives believers some sort of meaning that helps them cope with the memories of that terrible day. And although I believe religion should be challenged, I don't think this was the right battle for atheists, who should concentrate on other more important issues. However, it should be remembered that not everyone was a Christian who died that day, and maybe they could be recognised as well.

    • profile image

      Jean Bakula 6 years ago

      My comment was not meant to imply the piece of wreckage had anything to do with separation of church and state. It is what it is, and people can see whatever they wish to see in it. If they have not been placed that way by anyone (which I wonder, I've been to the site and don't recall seeing them, I live in Northern NJ)then I think they should stay. You did get people thinking :).

    • Titen-Sxull profile image

      Titen-Sxull 6 years ago from back in the lab again


      I don't think it matters if its on a pedestal or not. They found this in the wreckage, it isn't an overtly religious symbol, it's just two cross-beams.

      The separation of church and state is implicit, rather than explicit, in the Constitution. I don't feel that this violates that separation either way because as you say this is not the image or symbol of any specific Church. I would go one step further and say it is not an overtly religious symbol at all, it is only interpreted as one by those who choose to see it that way. In suing to get the "cross" removed the American Atheists group are validating the interpretation of the wreckage as religiously significant.

      "Thank you for your hub, it made me think on this issue."

      It's always my goal to get people thinking :)

    • moncrieff profile image

      moncrieff 6 years ago from New York, NY

      Thank you for your hub, it made me think on this issue.

      Do these two steel cross-beams stand where they were found, or are they relocated and placed on a pedestal? If the latter is true, then it's a bit naive of you to consider them just a piece of wreckage, rather than a Christian symbol, because the message is clearly stipulated. You may consider them whatever you like, but if the original intention was openly Christian, then you just prefer to see what you want to see.

      This Cross does not violate the separation of Church and State, for it does not indicate which Christian denomination it favors (mind you, nowhere in the Constitution it says that RELIGION must be separated from State, hence we have President swear on the Bible and religious inscription on our coins and dollar bills). Because of this, it does not even matter whether the Cross stands on Federal/State or private property.

      So yes, it has the right to be erected there and to bear explicitly religious connotation.

    • Titen-Sxull profile image

      Titen-Sxull 6 years ago from back in the lab again

      "anything that stops this stupid, senseless bickering in a place that should forever be a beacon of peace."

      Indeed, its ironic that a place that should unite us is now so divisive.

    • Merlin Fraser profile image

      Merlin Fraser 6 years ago from Cotswold Hills

      I am a Pagan rather than an Atheist and I am sorry that it fell upon a group of self proclaimed Atheists to bring this symbol to the attention of the world in general.

      The Cross is a symbol of Christianity and if Ground Zero was the site of nearly 3,000 Christian martyrs then I would say the cross is the perfect image of remembrance but that is not the case.

      However what happened on that day had very little to do with Christianity or any other religion for that matter, this group of Atheists are wrong to bring a case claiming this Cross violates the separation of Church and State but it is probably, in the mind of their lawyer, the only law that might give them a chance of winning.

      What happened on that day should never be forgotten and something Unilateral needs to be erected there, a symbol of World Hope devoid of Religion or Politics, perhaps a statue of the world’s children in a circle holding hands in friendship would be more appropriate, anything that stops this stupid, senseless bickering in a place that should forever be a beacon of peace.

    • Jean Bakula profile image

      Jean Bakula 6 years ago from New Jersey

      I agree with you. I'm not a Christian, I fall in that category of Spiritual but not Religious. I normally support the separation of Church and State. But if this piece of wreckage really made it through that horror, maybe it is a sign of the damage religion can cause people. I'm sorry you thought you may have been left behind by raptured family members, that must have been very scary for you at that age. I say, leave the thing, just get on with building the new bldg. It's embarrassing that the US is so slow we haven't finished this by now.

    • profile image

      AntonOfTheNorth 6 years ago

      Hey Titen.

      Perfect. Don't change a thing. Very well written. Thanks for sharing.