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The New Covenant

Updated on December 29, 2012

The Last Will And Testiment

The word "covenant" is that of a "testament" or a will. Thus, we get the term "Last Will and Testament". It's a binding contract of inheritance to the beneficiaries of that covenant.

The reason we have the "Old Testament (or Covenant)" and the "New Testament (or Covenant)" is because one is made obsolete and is superseded by the One Who created them. The Old Testament is that of Mosaic Law. Followers of God were made beneficiaries of that covenant by keeping the Law. However, even then people could not keep the Law; therefore, once a year they would sacrifice the most perfect lamb they could find by shedding its blood on the altar. This would "pass over" their sins to the next year. This became known as the Jewish feast of Passover. However, the sins of the people were NOT erased! They longed for and awaited the coming of the Lamb of God, their Messiah, Who would take away the sins of the world.

Jesus Christ was and is that promised Lamb of God, the Messiah, Who gave His life on the cross for the remission of sins! Did you know He died on Passover? AMEN! Because He came to fulfill and complete the Old Covenant through His death and resurrection, the New Covenant made the Old obsolete, superseding it with the grace of God! How do we now receive forgiveness of our sins? By accepting His sacrifice as truth, thanking Him for His grace and receiving His Spirit to dwell in us and live through us until He comes to take us home! Without acceptance of His sacrifice, we are not heirs or beneficiaries of the kingdom of God! Likewise, the Bible says that if we continue living under the Old Covenant, we must keep every Law and will be judged according to our deeds at the end of the age. We will have rejected the very One worthy to erase our sins. In other words, by keeping the Old Covenant, we NULLIFY the NEW!! If we live under the New Covenant, the Old is NULLIFIED!! Praise God!

The rest of this hub is to fill you with the Word of God, confirming this truth so you don't believe the oppressive spirit that seeks to keep you enslaved to the Law of Moses, when under the New Covenant, there is no Law and you have LIBERTY (freedom from the Law and its curse) in Jesus Christ!!

The New Covenant in His blood
The New Covenant in His blood

Definition of Covenant (Greek)

COVENANT: Greek word diatheke (dee-ath-ay’-kay; from diatithemai (dee-at-ith’-em-ahee); to put apart, i.e. (figurateively) dispose (by assignment, compact or bequest):-appoint, make, testator); a disposition, i.e. (specifically) a contract (especially a devisory will):-covenant, testament.

Dispose: to transfer to the control of another <disposing of personal property to a total stranger> b (1): to get rid of <how to dispose of toxic waste> (2): to deal with conclusively <disposed of the matter efficiently>

Bequest: an inheritance (to bequest an inheritance)

Devise: to plan to obtain or bring about (devising a will)

This is the New Covenant in My Blood.
This is the New Covenant in My Blood.

The New Covenant In His Blood

Matthew 26:28, Mark 14:24; Luke 22:20; 1 Cor 11:25 confirm Jesus saying, “For this is My blood of the covenant, which is poured out for many for forgiveness of sins.”

Luke 16:16 “The Law and the Prophets were proclaimed until John; since that time the gospel of the kingdom of God has been preached, and everyone is forcing his way into it.”

Acts 13:38-39 “Therefore let it be known to you, brethren, that through Him forgiveness of sins is proclaimed to you, and through Him everyone who believes is freed from all things, from which you could not be freed through the Law of Moses.”

Matthew 22:35-40 “And one of them, a lawyer, asked Him a question, testing Him, ‘Teacher, which is the great commandment in the Law?’ And He said to him, ‘You shall love the Lord your God with all your heart, and with all your soul, and with all your mind. This is the great and foremost commandment.”

Romans 13:8-10 “Owe nothing to anyone except to love one another; for he who loves his neighbor has fulfilled the Law.

2 Corinthians 3:5b-6 “Our adequacy is from God, who also made us adequate as servants of a new covenant, not of the letter, but of the Spirit; for the letter kills, but the Spirit gives life.”

Galatians 5:14, 18, 22-23 “For the whole Law is fulfilled in one word, in the statement, ‘You shall love your neighbor as yourself.” “But if you are led by the Spirit, you are not under the Law.” “But the fruit of the Spirit is love, joy, peace, patience, kindness, goodness, faithfulness, gentleness, self-control; against such things there is no Law.”

Galatians 6:2 “Bear one another’s burdens, and thus fulfill the Law of Christ.

Hebrews 7:22 “so much the more also Jesus has become a guarantee of a better covenant.

Hebrews 8:8 "But God found fault with the people and said: 'The time is coming, declares the Lord, when I will make a new covenant with the house of Israel and with the house of Judah.'"

Hebrews 9:15 "For this reason He is the mediator of a new covenant, so that, since a death has taken place for the redemption of the transgressions that were committed under the first covenant, those who have been called may receive the promise of the eternal inheritance."

Hebrews 12:24 "You have come to Jesus, who brings the new promise from God, and to the sprinkled blood that speaks a better message than Abel's."

James 2:8, 12If, however, you are fulfilling the royal Law, according to the Scripture, ‘You shall love your neighbor as yourself,’ you are doing well.”

For more on the Law of the Spirit, bearing the fruit of the Spirit, which is MOST IMPORTANT to our Lord, I invite you to read my hub Will He Know You?

He saved a wretch like me!
He saved a wretch like me!
The righteous shall live by FAITH
The righteous shall live by FAITH

Justified by Grace through Faith

Romans 2:29 “But he is a Jew who is one inwardly; and circumcision is that which is of the heart, by the Spirit, not by the letter; and his praise is not from men, but from God.”

Romans 3:21-25a But now apart from the Law the righteousness of God has been manifested, being witnessed by the Law and the Prophets, even the righteousness of God through faith in Jesus Christ for all those who believe; for there is no distinction; for all have sinned and fall short of the glory of God, being justified as a gift by His grace through the redemption which is in Christ Jesus; whom God displayed publicly as a propitiation in His blood through faith.”

Romans 6:14; 22-23 “For sin shall not be master over you, for you are not under Law, but under grace." “But now having been freed from sin and enslaved to God, you derive your benefit, resulting in sanctification, and the outcome, eternal life. For the wages of sin is death, but the free gift of God is eternal life in Christ Jesus our Lord.”

Romans 7:4-6 “Therefore, my brethren, you also were made to die to the Law through the body of Christ, that you might be joined to another, to Him who was raised from the dead, that we might bear fruit for God.” “But now we have been released from the Law, having died to that by which we were bound, so that we serve in newness of the Spirit and not in oldness of the letter.”

Romans 8:2-4 “For the Law of the Spirit of life in Christ Jesus has set you free from the Law of sin and of death. For what the law could not do, weak as it was through the flesh, God did: sending His own Son in the likeness of sinful flesh and as an offering for sin, He condemned sin in the flesh, in order that the requirement of the Law might be fulfilled in us, who do not walk according to the flesh, but according to the Spirit.”

Galatians 2:16 “nevertheless knowing that a man is not justified by the works of the Law but through faith in Christ Jesus, even we have believed in Christ Jesus, that we may be justified by faith in Christ, and not by the works of the Law; since by the works of the Law shall no flesh be justified.”

"Your sins are forgiven; Go and sin no more"
"Your sins are forgiven; Go and sin no more"

Definition of Grace through Faith

Ephesians 2:8-9 state, "For by grace you have been saved through faith; and that not of yourselves, it is the gift of God; not as a result of works, so that no one may boast."

Did you know the word grace is written over 300 times in the New Testament?! WOW! It's consistent meaning is as follows:

GRACE: Greek word charis (khar’-ece); [from chairo (khah’-ee-ro); a primitive verb; to be “cheer”ful, i.e. calmly happy or well-off; impers. Espec. as salutation (on meeting or parting), be well:-farewell, be glad, God speed, greeting, hail, joy (-fully), rejoice]; graciousness (as gratifying), of manner or act (abstr. Or concr.; lit., figl or spiritual: espec. the divine influence upon the heart, and its reflection in the life; including gratitude):-acceptable, benefit, favor, gift, grace (-ious), joy liberality, pleasure, thank (-s, -worthy).

Did you know the word faith is used over 1,000 times throughout the Bible? It's consistent meaning is as follows:

FAITH: Greek word pistis (pis’-tis); persuasion, credence; conviction (of religious teacher), reliance upon Christ for salvation; constancy in such profession; the system of religious (Gospel) truth itself:-assurance, belief, believe, faith, fidelity. From peitho (pi’-tho) to convince (by argument, true or false); to pacify or conciliate (by other fair means); to assent (to evidence or authority), to rely (by inward certainty):-agree, assure, believe, have confidence, be (was) confident, make friend, obey, persuade, trust, yield.

The Old Covenant is FINISHED!
The Old Covenant is FINISHED!

Exhortation to the Church

Romans 14:17 “For God's kingdom does not consist of food and drink, but of righteousness, peace, and joy produced by the Holy Spirit.”

2 Corinthians 3:12-14 “Therefore, since we have such a hope, we are very bold. We are not like Moses, who would put a veil over his face to keep the Israelites from gazing at it while the radiance was fading away. But their minds were made dull, for to this day the same veil remains when the old covenant is read. It has not been removed, because only in Christ is it taken away."

Hebrews 12:21 While “Moses said, ‘I am full of fear and trembling’, ’ Romans 8:15 states “For you have not received a spirit of slavery leading to fear again, but you have received a Spirit of adoption as sons by which we cry out, ‘Abba! Father!”

Galatians 4:9 “But now that you have come to know God, or rather to be known by God, how is it that you turn back again to the weak and worthless elemental things [the Law], to which you desire to be enslaved all over again?”

Galatians 5:1 “It was for freedom that Christ set us free; therefore keep standing firm and do not be subject again to a yoke of slavery [the Law].”

Colossians 2:16-17 “Therefore let no one act as your judge in regard to food or drink or in respect to a festival or a new moon or a Sabbath day—things which are a mere shadow of what is to come; but the substance belongs to Christ." For those of you that don't know this, the Colossians were Gentiles who did not observe food, drink festivals, new moons or Sabbaths (Col 1:27 "to whom God willed to make known what is the riches of the glory of this mystery among the Gentiles, which is Christ in you, the hope of glory.")

Hebrews 14:5 "One man esteemeth one day above another: another esteemeth every day alike. Let every man be fully persuaded in his own mind."

Colossians 2:20-23 “If you have died with Christ to the elementary principles of the world why, as if you were living in the world, do you submit yourself to decrees, such as Do not handle, do not taste, do not touch! (which all refer to things destined to perish with the using)-in accordance with the commandments and teachings of men? These are matters which have, to be sure, the appearance of wisdom in self-made religion and self-abasement and severe treatment of the body, but are of no value against fleshly indulgence.”

Don't Take Grace for Granted!

Jude 1:4 "For some people have slipped in among you unnoticed. They were written about long ago as being deserving of this condemnation because they are ungodly. They turn the grace of our God into uncontrollable lust and deny our only Master and Lord, Jesus the Messiah."

Romans 14:1-2 "Now accept the one who is weak in faith, but not for the purpose of passing judgment on his opinions. One man has faith that he may eat all things, but he who is weak eats vegetables only." vs. 14 "I know and am convinced in the Lord Jesus that nothing is unclean in itself; but to him who thinks anything to be unclean, to him it is unclean." vs. 20 "Do not tear down the work of God for the sake of food. All things indeed are clean, but they are evil for the man who eats and gives offense." vs. 23 "But he who doubts is condemned if he eats, because his eating is not from faith; and whatever is not from faith is sin."

Titus 3:9 ”But shun foolish controversies and genealogies and strife and disputes about the Law; for they are unprofitable and worthless.”

Romans 8:1-2
Romans 8:1-2

Peace Unto You!

1 Corinthians 15:56-57 “The sting of death is sin, and the power of sin is the Law; but thanks be to God, who gives us the victory through our Lord Jesus Christ.”

Galatians 2:19-21 “For through the Law I died to the Law, that I might live to God. I have been crucified with Christ; and it is no longer I who live, but Christ lives in me; and the life which I now live in the flesh I live by faith in the Son of God, who loved me, and delivered Himself up for me. I do not nullify the grace of God; for if righteousness comes through the Law, then Christ died needlessly.”

Hebrews 13:20-21 “Now the God of peace, who brought up from the dead the great Shepherd of the sheep through the blood of the eternal covenant, even Jesus our Lord, equip you in every good thing to do His will, working in us that which is pleasing in His sight, through Jesus Christ, to whom be the glory forever and ever. Amen.

For assurance of your salvation into the New Covenant, please read my hub Come to JESUS: Salvation

Other hubs related to the subject of Covenants:

The END of the Old Covenant

Torah: The Law of Moses


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    • Judah's Daughter profile imageAUTHOR

      Judah's Daughter 

      7 years ago from Roseville, CA

      There is no argument, sister KingdomChristian. I would like to comment on what you stated, "I'm certain you would not also say that it would be possible to kill the flesh, but that it was acceptable so long as we "inwardly loved" the person whose flesh we "outwardly" killed as the Roman Catholic church did for centuries by the hand of the state."

      Love does not murder. That's breaking the commandment. Killing for food, or killing to save one's life or country, is another subject altogether (for that has nothing to do with hate, but preservation).

      The RCC and the inquisition was about hate/judgment taken into their own hands, based on their own heretical justification. 1 John 4:20 tells us that love and hate cannot dwell in the same castle: "If someone says, 'I love God,' and hates his brother, he is a liar; for the one who does not love his brother whom he has seen, cannot love God whom he has not seen." Okay ~ we could say the RCC didn't consider those they killed 'brothers' ~ what about 'love your enemies and pray for those who persecute you'? (Mat 5:44).

      The RCC does a ton of things that are wrong, paganistic and downright satanic and yet they stamp the name of the LORD on their actions! Don't even get me started....

      Sister, if you feel the Sabbath is about keeping the seventh Day, I do not judge you ~ I rejoice that you will obey the LORD as you feel is right in your heart. Likewise, Paul exhorts you to do the same for others who may not keep that same 'Day'. Col 2:16 "Therefore no one is to act as your judge in regard to food or drink or in respect to a festival or a new moon or a Sabbath day--things which are a mere shadow of what is to come; but the substance belongs to Christ."

      The seventh-day Sabbath was a shaddow of the Sabbath rest in the LORD Jesus Christ. It's important you read Heb 4:1-11. It's so important, I am going to copy it here and let the LORD speak to your heart:

      "Therefore, let us fear if, while a promise remains of entering His rest, any one of you may seem to have come short of it. For indeed we have had good news preached to us, just as they also; but the word they heard did not profit them, because it was not united by faith in those who heard.

      For we who have believed enter that rest, just as He has said, 'AS I SWORE IN MY WRATH, THEY SHALL NOT ENTER MY REST,' although His works were finished from the foundation of the world.

      For He has said somewhere concerning the seventh day: 'AND GOD RESTED ON THE SEVENTH DAY FROM ALL HIS WORKS'; and again in this passage, 'THEY SHALL NOT ENTER MY REST.' Therefore, since it remains for SOME to enter it, and those who formerly had good news preached to them FAILED to enter because of disobedience, HE AGAIN FIXES A CERTAIN DAY, 'TODAY,' saying through David after so long a time just as has been said before, 'TODAY IF YOU HEAR HIS VOICE, DO NOT HARDEN YOUR HEARTS.'

      For if Joshua HAD given them rest, He would not have spoken of ANOTHER DAY AFTER THAT. So there remains a Sabbath rest for the people of God. For the one who has entered His rest has himself also rested from his works, as God did from His. Therefore let us be diligent to enter that rest, so that no one will fall, through following the same example of disobedience."

      I love you dearly, in the love of our LORD, Jesus Christ.

    • profile image


      7 years ago

      I truly don't want to make this argumentative, but I want to explore the logic you use here because we want to serve the Lord both in spirit and in truth. I think many folks end up doing one or the other, but quite often not both.

      You say rightly that a person can hate his brother without killing and still be guilty of murder or lust after a married woman and commit adultery apart from the act in the flesh. But those are clarification extensions of the full extent of the already existing commandments. Those clarifications do not nullify the need to do/not do the original acts spoken of in the commandments. I'm certain you would not also say that it would be possible to kill the flesh, but that it was acceptable so long as we "inwardly loved" the person whose flesh we "outwardly" killed as the Roman Catholic church did for centuries by the hand of the state.

      Though He did not quote the 4th commandment directly, Christ clarified the true meaning of the Sabbath and upheld the 4th commandment many times when confronted by the scribes and Pharisees. Never did he act or speak in such a way as to suggest that specific fulfillment of the 4th command was to be blurred to the extent of no longer sanctifying the 7th day as holy in clear distinction to the others. Christ may not have directly quoted the 4th commandment, but he certainly was not silent on the issue.

      I will re-read your hubs on the Sabbath, but at this point, I do not find the scriptural precedent for transferring holiness of the Sabbath 7th day to all days of the week.

      The blessings of Christ our Lord to you, sister!

    • Judah's Daughter profile imageAUTHOR

      Judah's Daughter 

      7 years ago from Roseville, CA

      Hi KingdomChristian, and thank you and bless you. I loved learning of the sapphire stone, too!!

      You have understood correctly, regarding what I believe to be the New Covenant.

      My answer to your question is this ~ the outward Law-keeping of the 10 Commandments (Old Covenant) became the inward keeping of the Law, in the heart (New Covenant). For example, someone could hate and not literally kill. Jesus said that anger in the heart is comparable to murder. Someone could be full of lust yet not commit the act of adultery; however, Jesus said that lusting is the same as acting on it.

      It sounds like you read my hub called "Remember the Sabbath Day: Saturday, Sunday or Everyday?". I hope it was evident (based on Heb 4:1-10) that the outward keeping of the Sabbath 'Day' is now the inward keeping of His Sabbath rest. Perhaps this is the reason, as Jesus quoted so many of the 10 Commandments in the gospels, He strangely left the fourth one out...the Sabbath rest had come to us ~ to all who will enter.

      I'm so glad to hear from you ~ I'm so glad you found my hubs and I pray they blessed you with confirmation and insight. Praise God!!

    • profile image


      7 years ago

      Hello Judah's Daughter and thank you for your posts on these subjects. I've only read a few of your hubs, but you seem to be very much on track regarding the Law of Moses. I think I found your hubs doing a search on the sapphire stone tablets...incredible stuff!

      I just wanted to make a quick inquiry to clarify your position on something that I have not quite been able to nail down in your text. You very rightly point out that the Ten Commandments stood apart from the Law of Moses even though they were the very foundation of that Mosaic Law. I certainly agree with that and I believe you also state that the Ten Commandments are still binding upon us, is that correct?

      Yet, I have seen in another of your hubs where you discuss the keeping of the Sabbath and that, according to you, we fulfill that commandment under the New Covenant by having now entered into the rest of God through our holy union with our Lord Jesus Christ. Assuming I've not misunderstood you, I have to say that I still have some issue with not specifically keeping the Saturday Sabbath for at least a couple of reasons.

      1. God was very specific with the 4th commandment in identifying the seventh day which is Saturday.

      2. God used the 4th commandment as a direct test of obedience and loyalty with the Hebrews in the wilderness.

      I just don't quite see the scriptural reasoning behind how we are supposedly now excused from specific Sabbath day observance when God set aside that particular day as a perpetual sign between God and His people. In the same way we are also not excused to simply kill people, we are also not excused from observing the specific Sabbath day God Himself set aside as holy. I welcome your comments.

    • Judah's Daughter profile imageAUTHOR

      Judah's Daughter 

      8 years ago from Roseville, CA

      Hi beautiful sister, Dee! I'm so sorry I didn't respond sooner, as you know I have had such limited time with my current move. The more we understand the awesome work of our LORD Jesus Christ, on our behalf and fully for us, in order to mercifully and graciously bring us to Him as His beloved, the more in love we are with Him. And with that love brings a joyful willingness to obey His leading in all that we do. Hallelujah!! Love you bunches!!

    • Ms Dee profile image

      Deidre Shelden 

      8 years ago from Texas, USA

      Hallelujah, a *new* covenant, for God is merciful! Israel shows us human we could not keep the old covenant. How awesome God provided a new covenant writing it on our hearts--a spiritual covenant, Jer 31:31-33.

    • Judah's Daughter profile imageAUTHOR

      Judah's Daughter 

      8 years ago from Roseville, CA

      Heather Bennett, the Word says what it says in Gal 4:9. Jesus said He would be a "rock of offense" to the Jews, and those like them. Look at Gal 1:6-7 when Paul said, "I am amazed that you are so quickly deserting Him who called you by the grace of Christ, for a different gospel; which is really not another; only there are some who are disturbing you and want to distort the gospel of Christ." What was the distortion? That saved Jews and Gentiles must keep the requirements of the Old Covenant.

      While you say the Galatians were Gentiles, you must know that the Colossians were!! If they weren't keeping the dietary laws, the feasts, observance of the new moon and Sabbaths, your proper translation of the verse is mute.

      God's Law is the 10 Commandments, the only ones Jesus mentioned in the gospels. As I shared with you in another comment, God used a mediator, Moses, to set His people free from the slavery of Egypt. The Law of Moses (Torah) was added because of transgressions, and was against them (Col 2:14). Likewise, we have a new and final Mediator, Jesus Christ, who set us free from the Law of sin and death (Torah), which enslaves us.

      Gal 3:19 "Why the Law then? It was added because of transgressions, having been ordained through angels by the agency of a mediator [Moses], until the seed [Yeshua] would come to whom the promise had been made." There is only one Mediator between God and man (1 Tim 2:5).

      To re-emphasize what Paul said in Gal 1:6-7 look at Jesus' words in Luke 16:16 "The Law and the Prophets were proclaimed until John [the Bapist]; since that time the gospel of the kingdom of God has been preached." Walk in the New Covenant in His blood. You have died to the requirements of the Old Covenant because your High Priest died to set you free (Heb 9:17). Blessings.

    • profile image

      Heather Bennett 

      8 years ago

      Galatians 4:9 – what God gave us is weak and worthless? I think not! The Galatians were not turning back to following the Law, because they had not followed it in the first place. They were Gentiles, not Jews, as evidenced by the topic of this letter – circumcision. All Jewish baby boys are circumcised at 8 days old. Therefore, if the Galatians followed the Law, this letter would not have been needed. The Galatians were returning to the weak and worthless things of their former religion, which had to be a pagan religion. Furthermore, Paul held the Law of God in very high regard, so he would never have called it weak and worthless (see Acts 24:14, Romans 2:13, Romans 2:20, Romans 2:23, Romans 3:31, Romans 7:7, Romans 7:12, Romans 7:14, Romans 7:22, 2 Timothy 3:16)

      Colossians 2:16-17 is wrongly translated in most Bibles. It should properly read: Let no one judge you, therefore, in that which you eat, or in drink, or by a feast day, or by the New Moon, or Sabbath, which are shadow of things to come, but the body Messiah. In other words, don’t let anyone judge you in these things, except the Body of Yahshuah – fellow Believers. It says nothing about the substance of anything. The word is “soma” which is a physical body.

      Colossians 2:20-23 cannot be talking about the Torah. It clearly states that these things are the precepts and teachings of men. The Torah is the instruction and command of God, not of man. So these verses cannot be talking about the Law.


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