The Kahana In China Part 3
If you have been reading my earlier articles on the various connections of the Kahana to the Empires of China then you know that this time I’ll be discussing genetic evidence that ties the two dynasties together. Not an easy thing to do when one looks superficially at someone of Semitic origins and someone else for Oriental origins and tries to find a common denominator. The first reaction is to assume that there can be no genetic link at all. But as we all know, appearances can be deceiving.
If at the same time you’ve read my articles on Kahana and DNA and the Kohenim and DNA,(http://hubpages.com/hub/Kahana-and-DNA) then you know that I surrendered a while ago to demands by certain challengers to my articles to prove that I was who I claimed to be. At first I resisted, protesting that my ancestors had no reason to fabricate who they claimed to be and had it been the case that they falsified their inherited status the community itself would have condemned them for such actions. Therefore I took these doubters’s insistence as an affront to my family’s integrity. Unfortunately in today’s world, no one accepts you at your word any longer and that is a sad comment on our society in general. After all, American President Barak Obama insisted he was born in Hawaii and had to produce his long birth certificate at a press conference this week just to silence those making the accusations that he was not American. How absurd was that, yet the lobby of doubters, hecklers and anarchists made it necessary for him to do so. Imagine, the president of the United States having to defend that he was an American. It is so ridiculous that it borders on insanity. This is the world we now live in sadly but at the same time we also have a scientific wonderland where genotyping has been a useful tool for dispelling many nay-sayers. Looking back with hindsight, having my genetic profile analyzed was probably the wisest and best decision I could have made. Considering that my initial exploration of these Asian connections was originally undertaken merely on hearsay and anecdotes from family tales, establishing concrete evidence meant that I could even battle the growing doubts by younger family members that had no connection to our ancestry or belief in our family traditions. Even my mother, who was aware of some of the stories in my father’s family would deride me for pursuing them, saying that even if they were true, that and 50 cents would get you a ride on the bus. Like so many, she failed to appreciate that in order to understand where we are heading in life we must first know where we came from. And the genetic studies have definitely assisted in my knowledge of my early family. Mostly in proving that the stories in the family were all based on true events and actual people. That in itself would be rewarding but the additional knowledge I have gained has created an entirely new understanding of the interrelationship of empires in the ancient world. East did meet west long ago, at a time when historical events were not carefully or meticulously recorded. But the genetic fingerprints are undeniable, irrefutable and unchallengeable.
J2a4h2 Kohen DNA
As discussed in the DNA articles on the Kohanim, I related current studies that there were two distinct families that made up the Hebrew priesthood. It is becoming clearer that the J1e family members that had what was referred to as the Cohen Modal Haplotype were likely later additions to the priesthood and probably a necessary addition following the depleted priesthood on return from exile in Babylon. I have read one article recently in which the J2a4h family of which I am part may have the exclusive rights to claim direct descent through Phineas, Aaron’s grandson. Which certainly would explain the common behaviour in the family to act first then think about the consequences, which for those of you familiar with the story about Phineas will make perfect sense. It also makes sense because of the family’s claim to be from the House of Phiabi established 1000 years later since Phiabi was a direct descendant of Phineas. Suddenly, the genetic speculations are beginning to provide the credence to what had been simply stories handed down over the generations but without any corroborating facts. As the evidence accumulates, more and more of these traditions will be proven. But being a prominent family in Judea does not explain how traces of the family would end up in the Far East. To do so would take a much more convoluted route than originally presented. Because as you probably have surmised from the previous statement, the genetic code for the house of Phiabi has been discovered in Asia, in a place you would never suspect. The Rabbanites despised the house of Phiabi. In their Amidah prayer recited at the Yom Kippur they will blatantly curse the family, falsely accusing it of committing crimes that they themselves as Pharisees committed. I guess it is safe to say that my family left a lasting impression upon the rabbis. So it is quite conceivable that a family of such prominence would leave a lasting impression elsewhere in the world as well, especially if they had to leave because the Rabbis pretty much put a price on their heads. But serendipitously we also would influence Rabbinical teachings and beliefs as well since branches of the family, even with our Karaite upbringing became some of the most renown Rabbinical teachers and commentators of their time. The Cohen-Katz or Katz-Cohen branch of the family in particular having a major influence on Rabbinical teachings. But that is an article for another day and rather than digress here I will get back to the matter of genetics.
The Haplogroup Certificate based upon the differentiation of the major DYS groups that separate the human race into specific families clearly defines that Kahana-Goldenthal are exactly as I have stated. In the case of my own haplogroup, it can be seen that it is recorded as J2a4h2 with a variety of subclades differentiated. The subclades are mutation variations that occur with geographical and separation over time. It is the J2a4h2 though which specifies the original family grouping and common ancestry. And as can be seen in the following chart, the family became widely dispersed across the globe.
The Family Migration
Though I listed Jakob Kahana Goldenthal as number one in the chart, he certainly isn’t the oldest identity listed on the chart. But since he is my ancestor, I thought I’d give him the honour of being listed first. Even though the full haploytpe isn’t listed for many of the subjects it can be safely assumed they are all J2a4h2 because of the DYS profiles. Because of the uniqueness of the haplotype we also know that the families listed are related, sometimes closely, sometimes remotely but ultimately related depending how far we go back in time. Those in the grouping with my ancestor (L25*10) are easy to appreciate because the geography of Galicia, Belarus, Hungary, Ukraine, Latvia, Lithuania and Poland places them all within a specific area of Eastern Europe. What are harder to explain are those from Italy and India, but when we examine the history of forced deportation after the Roman-Jewish War and the later forced migration as a result of the persecutions of Saadiah Gaon then these two countries can be accounted for.
Where it becomes more interesting is the number of Arabic speaking countries listed. Iraq is obvious because the family was firmly established in Mahoza, 60 miles distant from Baghdad from the 2nd century AD until the 10th century. It would have been totally unexpected not to have seen some Iraqi offshoots of the family still existing even though they have integrated into the Muslim population. But then we look at all the other countries in which family ties are present; the ancient history in Iraq or Mesopotamia accounts for migration into Turkey. Armenia and Iran as these were all well within the extent of the Persian Empire. Even migration back to the Levant, such as Lebanon and Syria would fall into this category. But then there is the trail that starts leading south and east. The Arabian peninsula and a higher percentage in Pakistan and India that can be explained from the aforementioned 10th century migration after Saadia’s threats to exterminate the family. The numbers would start suggesting a much earlier development to the family lines in these areas. And that far eastern migration will be the subject of my next article.