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The Lord's Prayer: Pater Noster (Latin) Our Father An Interpretation

Updated on March 3, 2013

Our Father...

Jesus Christ taught his disciples how to pray the Lord's Prayer (Our Father...")
Jesus Christ taught his disciples how to pray the Lord's Prayer (Our Father...") | Source

Why Is the "Our Father..." (Lord's Prayer) Important?

The "Lord's Prayer" or "Our Father..." taught by Jesus himself is a core prayer for Christians around the world. This prayer is the staple of Christianity as it is a Tribute to God, the Father (Yahweh).

This article will break down this prayer and we will reflect on the deeper meaning in each of the phrases that Jesus taught us to pray.

When we pray this prayer we should reflect on our life situation and be greatful for what we have. We ask God to protect us and provide for us, forgive us and help us to forgive others. The Lord's Prayer is the key to Christian faith.

Pater Noster...


The Lord's Prayer (Our Father...") In Latin

In the early days of the Catholic Church the "Our Father..." or "Lord's Prayer" was celebrated in Latin.

Although rarely used today, some churches still use this ancient version. This is the text of the prayer in the Latin language:

Pater noster qui es in caelis:

sanctificetur Nomen Tuum;

adveniat Regnum Tuum;

fiat voluntas Tua,

sicut in caelo, et in terra.

Panem nostrum

cotidianum da nobis hodie;

et dimitte nobis debita nostra,

sicut et nos

dimittimus debitoribus nostris;

et ne nos inducas in tentationem;

sed libera nos a Malo.


The Word of the Lord

The Bible is regarded as the "Word of God, the Word of the Lord" by many Christians.
The Bible is regarded as the "Word of God, the Word of the Lord" by many Christians. | Source

The Lord's Prayer ("Our Father...") in English

The is the prayer in the English language:

Our Father, who art in heaven,

hallowed be thy name;

thy kingdom come;

thy will be done on earth as it is in heaven.

Give us this day our daily bread;

and forgive us our trespasses as we forgive those who trespass against us;

and lead us not into temptation,

but deliver us from evil.


Breakdown of the "Our Father": The Lord's Prayer

We will now look at each line of the Lord's Prayer and what the inspired meaning of each line means. Remember, in Luke 11:1 the disciples asked Jesus how they should pray. Let's look at the scripture reading (NAB Ed.):

1 He was praying in a certain place, and when he had finished, one of his disciples said to him,'Lord, teach us to pray just as John taught his disciples.'"

2 He said to them, when you pray, say:

"Father, hallowed be thy name, your kingdom come.

3 Give us each day our daily bread

4 and forgive us our sins

for we ourselves forgive everyone in debt to us,

and do not subject us to the final test."

Our Father, Who Art in Heaven...

The opening statement is a direct reference to God the father. Jesus is teaching us to pray directly to God who resides in heaven.

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Hallowed Be Thy Name...

God's name is so holy and powerful that Jewish people do not even speak it aloud. Yahweh (YHVH in Hebrew) (commonly Jehovah) is roughly translated to "I Am" or "I Am Who Is". This is very deep. Most religious scholars agree that this is a very complex definition of who and what God is. God is Everyone; He is Everything; He Is Who Is. Many Christians have a difficult time wrapping their heads around the concept. God is everywhere; He is all things holy and sacred. He is Omnipotent and Omnivorous. In short, many believe that the name of God is so complex and holy that it can never be truly understood.

Thy Kingdom Come...

This is the promise of the future; that God will set up a new Kingdom on earth. No one (not even Christ) knows the day of the second coming and the time of Judgement. As Christians we are to repent and turn from sin should we want to be invited to God's Kingdom. This is the final fulfillment of the New Testament or New Covenant.

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Thy WIll Be Done On Earth As It Is In Heaven...

This is where Christians accept total dedication of themselves to God. We have no control over God's Will and Desire. We fully submit to Him and trust in His Word, Jesus Christ. Sometimes bad things happen to good people. This is not necessarily God's Will. Many Christians become angry with God when a loved one is taken away through tragedy. This is not necessarily God's Will. As humans, we have "free will" meaning that we can do what we want with certain consequence. God's Will is just that; we do not understand His intentions so we trust that His Will be done.

Give Us This Day Our Daily Bread...

As humans we need to eat to survive. There is a deeper meaning here however. Bread is the source of sustenance for survival. Historically, during the nomadic days of the Jewish people, they were fed Manna from Heaven (symbolic of the coming of Christ) which was a bread-like food that prevented the Israelites from starvation in the desert. We are asking God to provide us with physical bread but also with spiritual bread. After all, Man cannot live on bread alone!

Forgive Us Our Trespasses As We Forgive Those Who Trespass Against Us...

Forgiveness is the root of the message of Christianity. Forgiveness is also very hard for many people to do. When someone hurts us we tend to hold a grudge. True Christians pray for God to forgive us of our sins and we also pray for the strength to forgive others.

The Word of God: The Bible

Many Christians regard the Bible as the inspiration of God's Word.
Many Christians regard the Bible as the inspiration of God's Word. | Source

Lead Us Not Into Temptation, But Deliver Us From Evil...

Even Jesus was tempted by the devil. In today's world there are temptations everywhere we turn. It is nearly impossible to walk anywhere, turn on the tv or do anything without being bombarded with sin and temptation.

As humans we have a natural desire for self satisfaction. We need to fight our own wills and desires and pray for God's Strength to not cave into these temptations that cause us to sin.

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Learn About Catholicism

What does the Catholic Church teach?
What does the Catholic Church teach? | Source

What Are Your Comments? Feel free to share below!

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    • J.S.Matthew profile imageAUTHOR

      JS Matthew 

      5 years ago from Massachusetts, USA

      Thank you manatita44. Sorry for the delayed response. I am a very busy man these days. (Too busy!) HubPages is a great distraction from "real" life as well as all the other sites out there. I appreciate your comment. Thanks for stopping by! God bless...


    • manatita44 profile image


      5 years ago from london

      Excellent take on the Lord's prayer. I have started my second book this way. I would have been finished by now but too many noble distractions (Hub pages is one of them)

      I like you take on this. Higher blessings.

    • J.S.Matthew profile imageAUTHOR

      JS Matthew 

      5 years ago from Massachusetts, USA

      Hello Marlene! You said it best! I appreciate your comment. God Bless you too.


    • profile image


      5 years ago

      Awesome hub on our Lord's Prayer. I agree with you that spirituality is a gateway to understanding and living our beliefs. If you have faith as small as a mustard seed, you can say to this mountain move from here to there and it will move. God Bless.

    • J.S.Matthew profile imageAUTHOR

      JS Matthew 

      5 years ago from Massachusetts, USA

      @d.william: Thank you for sharing your deep reflections. Spirituality is a gateway to understanding and living our beliefs. I agree that the Lord's Prayer is non-denominational and I also think that the 10 Commandments are as well. Do unto others... Thank you for your inspiring words!


    • J.S.Matthew profile imageAUTHOR

      JS Matthew 

      5 years ago from Massachusetts, USA

      @Deborah Brooks: Hello Deborah! Thanks for stopping by. I really appreciated you sharing this on your special page and for adding me as well. It means a lot! Thank you and God bless you!


    • J.S.Matthew profile imageAUTHOR

      JS Matthew 

      5 years ago from Massachusetts, USA

      @Faith Reaper: Thanks Faith Reaper. I usually don't write religious Hubs but I felt inspired to write this one. I actually was thinking about it for a long time. Wanted to express what I was thinking and feeling while keeping it simple and thorough. I always appreciate your comments and I am thankful for your votes and sharing! Peace be with you always...


    • d.william profile image


      5 years ago from Somewhere in the south

      Awesome job.

      Although i belong to no organized religion, i consider myself Gnostic, as was Jesus. Odd that those who belong to any religious cult always consider people like me to be atheists or agnostics which cannot be further from the truth.

      Spiritualism is alive and well, and believing in a higher power does not equate only with the doctrines of organized religions, nor does it require a middleman to 'earn' salvation.

      If one has a pure heart there is little need for anything else. The Lord's prayer is also non-denominational and gives a powerful attribution and attestation to our creators.

    • Deborah Brooks profile image

      Deborah Brooks Langford 

      5 years ago from Brownsville,TX

      Oh Justin.. HOW TRULY REMARKABLE AND WONDERFUL I love this hub.. I applaud you my christian friend..

      I am sharing this awesome hub on the Prayer request page on Facebook. I will make sure you are a member also.



    • Faith Reaper profile image

      Faith Reaper 

      5 years ago from southern USA

      Hi J.S.,

      Wow, what a superb hub here on "The Lord's Prayer." Yes, we must pray to Our Father who is in Heaven, as not to pray to a false God, who is not in Heaven, very important. Also, when praying, we must pray His will, as when we pray for or about something that we know would go against His will (all that is in God's living and active Word), there is no reason to do such. Isn't it amazing that His will can be done here as it is in Heaven. I have seen the answers to many prayers where His will is done here, just as it would be in Heaven, as I place my full trust and faith in Him.

      God bless you for this hub to glorify our Lord God!

      Voted Way Up to the Heavens ++++ and sharing

      In His Love Always, Faith Reaper


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