the stars, parallel universes, and particles beyond the atom in the quran?
Theatrical Physics and the Qur'an
Assalamu Alaikum wa Rahmatullahi wa Barakatuh, my friends, my brothers and my sisters. I hope you enjoy this hub.
I was watching a new show on the Science Channel the other day called "Through the Wormhole With Morgan Freeman" this show explores many amazing subjects on the cutting edge of science. This particular program was about the possibility of multiple universes and the study of sub-atomic particles. As I watched I was fascinated by the possibilities of such amazing things; and I remembered some verses I read in the Qur'an. In my last hub "Science and Islam" found here:
I brought up the subject of certain sciences and how they relate to the Qur'an and Islam. I also discussed how Allah told us to use science to explore His creation and as evidence to prove His existence. Though I only used examples of "proven" science. Now I want to discuss what is still theatrical in science that is already confirmed by God.
One way Allah chose to do this was by giving knowledge to Muhammad that would not be discovered for millennia to come. So what do you ask do parallel universes have to do with religion? Well, when we look at the vast Universe, and all the amazing things here and the complexity of it all, we know through science that we have to have all of these things for the universe to work, God tells us here.
"He has completed them as seven heavens in two periods and made it known in each heaven its command. And we adorned the nearest heaven with lights for beauty and protection. That is the determination of the Exhaled in Might, the Knowing." 41:12
"The day when we will fold like the folding of sheets for records. As We began the first creation, We will repeat it. That is a promise binding to Us. Indeed we will do it."
This last verse describes our universe as flat and that the next creation will be similar. This goes side by side with the theory that the universe keeps repeating its self which is well accepted by modern scientist today. Also explained here,
"The Day when We will fold the heaven like the folding of scrolls, As we began the first creation we will repeat it. That is a promise binding upon Us, Indeed we will do it." 21:104
It was thought by many that the seven heavens were the seven layers of the atmosphere but many now believe differently. When you take into account the last sentence of 41:12 it says the nearest layer contains stars, so this could not be referring to the atmosphere. This could lead one to believe that multiple universes are being implied.
We have another verse in the Qur'an which would imply that there are more than one universe and perhaps one parallel to the one we exist in now. Here Allah tells us,
"O, company of Jinn and mankind, if you are able to pass beyond the regions of the heavens and the earth, then pass. You will not pass except by Authority from Allah." 55:33
The Quran also give us light into the subject of subatomic particles, something the science has not acknowledged for very long. The frist experiment to find sub atomic particles was preformed by J.J Thompson in 1897 when he discovered the electron. Though the use of the word subatomic particle was coined three years prior to J.J's discovery. Though Allah revealed to us through Muhammad the existence of atoms and subatomic particles 1500 years prior to this here,
"But those who disbelieve will say, "that hour will not come to us." Say to them yes, "By my Lord, it will surely come to you, Allah is the knower of the unseen." Not absent from Him is an atoms weight within the heavens or within the earth or that smaller than an atom or greater, except that it is in clear register." 34:3
Now for the kicker, the unbelievers will ask us then how old is the Universe? We know that it takes more than 6 days to from stars and planets from dust, and for the big bang to happen. Which I explained in my first hub Science and Islam, the link is posted above and again here,
So then how old is the universe, well thankfully Allah tells us in the Qur'an exactly how old the universe is. Here,
"The angels and the Spirit [Gabrel] will ascend to Him during a Day the extent of which is 50,000 years." 70:4
"And they urge you to hasten the punishment. But Allah will never Fail in His Promises. And indeed, a day with your Lord is like a thousand years of those which you count."
So let us now check the math that Allah has sent to us through Muhammad(saaws).
1 day for Allah= 50,000 years as we know them now
1 year= 1,000x365 for us that is 365,000 years for us
so 50,000 years for Allah= 365,000x50,000 years for us
so 365,000x50,000= 18,250,000,000 or 18.25 billion years!
Remember the first verse, those 50 thousand years are Allah's not mans. As humans were not mentioned in that first verse, only Allah and Gabrel. The purpose of the first verse was to explain the creation of the universe and man was yet to be created. This is reaffirmed when we get to the second verse and Allah tells us that on a day for him, is the same measure as 1000 years for us. Allah tells us here how the universe was built,
“ Do the unbelievers not realize that the heavens and the earth used to be one solid mass that we exploded into existence? And from water we made all living things? Would they believe?” 21:30
" Then He (God) turned to the sky, and it had been (as) smoke (dukhaan): He said to it and to the earth: come together, willingly or unwillingly. They said: we do come (together) in willing obedience." 41:11
and again here
"The heaven, We have built it with power. Verily, we are expanding it." 51:47
As we have learned, the universe is an amazing place, and Islam is on the forefront of Cosmology, I wonder will they ever give it its just due. I hope you have enjoyed this topic. Inshaa Allah there will be more to come, as this was an expansion of my Science and Islam hub, perhaps I will post another on geology and perhaps others to come Inshaa Allah. Please fill free to read the sources I have listed below as they are very interesting reads. Salam my friends, brothers and sisters.
The Qur'an, here is an online version for those without access to one.