ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

The Sword in the Stone

Updated on September 2, 2015

Many grew up hearing about King Arthur and the Knights of the Round Table. Arthur was said to have become King of England by pulling a sword from a rock. Historians however, tend to view the tale as more folklore than truth. There is little to document he ever existed. The legend of Arthur seems to have been born out of Geoffrey of Monmouth’s imaginative 12th-century book about British kings completed in 1138.

But what about the sword some say was named Excalibur? There may actually be such a sword, but it’s not in England. And there may have been such a man as Arthur, but that wasn’t his name. The entire King Arthur legend may have its roots in Italy. But it came from a real historical figure that lived in Italy during the second half of the 1100s. His name was Galgano Guidotti.

Mario Moiraghi, an Italian engineer and university professor has written several books on the subject. His research suggests the sword in the stone story originated in Tuscany, Italy. Galgano was born in Chiusdino around 1148 and died in 1181, which was well before Robert de Boron’s account of the sword. Robert de Boron was a French author of the late 12th and early 13th century,

As the story goes, Galgano became a knight whose armor was less than shiny. Let’s just say, he loved to engage in worldly pleasures and his exploits weren’t so noble. However, one day the Archangel Michael appeared before him one day and encouraged him to repent. Sir Galgano took the advice. He decided to become a hermit and live in a cave.

But as he was searching for just the right cave his steed reared up and Sir Galgano was unceremoniously deposited onto the dusty road. An angelic voice spoke to him and he was helped to his feet by an unseen force. The voice led him to Montesiepi, a hill near Chiusdino. Sir Galgano was shown a vision of a round temple, Jesus, Virgin Mary and the Apostles.

When he reached the top of the hill the voice advised him to give up his life of sin, but he was certain that would be impossible. Galgano told the voice it would be as likely as him splitting a rock with his sword. To illustrate his point Galgano took his sword and plunged it into a nearby rock. Amazingly it buried itself to the hilt.

Galgano gathered quite a number of followers during his short life, especially knights. He was canonized four years after his death. A round chapel, the Rotonda of Saint Galgano, was built where he had spent his last days. Later, a Gothic cathedral was built close by. All that remains today are the walls. Tests conducted on the sword at the University of Pavia have confirmed the sword was made in the 12th century.

Whether or not one believes the story is a personal choice. However, skeptics have one gnawing question to answer. How did the sword get buried in the stone?

Comments

    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    • Daffy Duck profile image

      Daffy Duck 

      6 years ago from Cornelius, Oregon

      What are the odds of that? When you think of it, it is quite possible. Snookie has to be a distant relative to Galgano. They have so much in common. Both are drunken whores with a large following.

      BAZINGA!

    • JY3502 profile imageAUTHOR

      John Young 

      6 years ago from Florence, South Carolina

      Or maybe they just made him put it back.

    • Paradise7 profile image

      Paradise7 

      6 years ago from Upstate New York

      Wow, awesome story. The sword is still there? I guess Arthur didn't get it out, after all.

    working

    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, hubpages.com uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at: https://hubpages.com/privacy-policy#gdpr

    Show Details
    Necessary
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the googleapis.com or gstatic.com domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Features
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Marketing
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Statistics
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)