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Bonds tribal live in the dense forests and hills of Araku Valley in Odisha
Forests are useful to us in many ways
Every forest is a beautiful place on this earth. It is habit for different animals and plants. Earlier the whole world was full of green plants. Forests are depleting (decreasing) day by day due to the cutting of trees.
Bonda tribe lifestyle
During my conversation with the girls, I said that most of the tribes belonging to Gondas and Chenchus live in forests. The old man who was sitting a little distance away from us heard our conversation and said that not only these people, but also many different tribes live in Araku area, among them the main tribe is `Bonds' a tribe which lives away from the outside world and are unaware of money.
Barjutayi and Chomcharu also were also surprised along with me. People living without money and knowledge about the outside world? We three asked in Chorus to tell more about them.
In our country the population of Bonda tribe is only 12,000.
Bonda people in the village
They attend the weekly fair
Bonds tribals live in the dense forests and hills of Aruku Valley in Odisha. They are known as Bondo and Pororo. The language spoken by them is a unique. It is called `Remo'.
They don't like to mingle with the people from town and plain area. That is why, there rarely come out of the forest.
They attend the weekly fair `Hatha' more.
They do not allow new comers to enter their villages. They depend on hunting for their food. They collect the forest products and also do Jhumm type of agriculture. Only men go for hunting and woman participate in agriculture. They select some place in the forest, cut the trees and clear the land to make it convenient for cultivation. After growing two or three crops there, they leave it and go for another land. This type of agriculture is called `Jhumming'.
The grand father continued telling other interesting things..
The Bonda tribals attend the weekly fair and exchange the forest produces collected by them to others and take the required materials from them in exchange. This system is called `Binimay Prodha' or Barter system.
Their way of dressing is also unique. They cover their bodies with a cloth made up of jute.
Bonda women have great skills in making this cloth. First they soak the jute plants in the water of streams and lakes nearby for 2 to 3 days. Then they weed out thread from them dry them for three days under the sun. They collect different colours from the forest and mix these with the thread and make the clothes on loom. (Maggam). They stitch tiny beautiful mirrors to these clothes.
I still had not come out of my astonishment. It was difficult to believe that there are still people living away from the outside world who do not use money to lead their lives!, even in the 21 st century.
As it had become dark we all retired to our rooms. I prepared a flow chart on how the Bonda's made their clothes. It is given below -
1) Collection of jute plants 2) Soaking it in water 3)Taking out the threads 4) Weaving on the looms 5) Painting colours 6) Drying under the sun 7) Stitching mirrors.
Development of tribal people
Many changes have occurred in the life style of the tribal when compared to the past.
Tribal people are developing progressively with education. The tribal villages are in dense forests but the transport facilities have not yet fully developed. When compared to people of other regions the tribal people are still quite backward.