- Religion and Philosophy
The Status of Jesus Christ (Issa) in Islam
Birth of Jesus Christ, the Son of Mary
According to Islamic belief, Jesus Christ the son of Mary was the second last Prophet of Allah sent by God to the clan of Israel and widely regarded in Islam as a true prophet, discerned for his kindness and wisdom. Like all messengers of God he was exalted from the very beginning, as his birth was itself a miracle of Allah. The birth of Jesus has an ideal resemblance with that of Adam’s birth, who was originated from clay and made a perfect Human Being by the will of God. Adam was created as the first father of all human beings but lone in itself and not descendant from any human being, born without a father or mother while Eve was created from the left rib of Adam. However, their unique creation did not elevate them from the status of human being.
Same is the case of Jesus Christ, he was the son of Mary and born without a father. He was bestowed to Mary by the God’s will when an angel came to her and said that God wanted to confer her with a child at times when she had withdrawn from the people in a secluded part of her house. She exclaimed that how she could conceive a child when no mortal had touched her and neither she had been un-chaste. However, she by the will of God gave birth to the child and brought him in her cradle in the folk town. When people asked in amazement about the surprised birth, God gave him (Jesus Christ) the power to speak from the cradle of his mother that he was the slave of God bestowed with a scripture and appointed as a prophet. It is one of the greatest distinctions of Jesus Christ among the prophets of God.
Rearing Of Mary, the Daughter of Imran
Imran, the father of Mary had vowed before the birth of Mary that whatever child being delivered to him would be granted to the service of Jerusalem. After a female child was born, she was named Mary and Imran prayed to God to preserve her from Satan (Devil). It is narrated in one of the Hadiths, that every child is scolded by Satan (the Devil) at the time of birth except Mary and Jesus. As pledged, she was brought to Jerusalem and 13 prophets of the time desired to won the patronage of Mary. It was later decided that each of the prophets should throw their pens in the flowing water of a river and all pens swayed away, save the pen of Prophet Zakaria (Zechariah, father of John), which stayed in place in the flowing water. Thus she was brought up in the guardianship of prophet Zakariah, who was also the husband of Mary’s maternal aunt. Mary was chastised and made exalted by God among the whole class of women.
Five Miracles of Jesus Christ
Jesus was taught with the Scripture, Torah and the Gospel. He was sent to the children of Israel with clear signs from Allah with five miracles like to raise the dead from their graves, heal the born blind and leper, fashion out the likeness of a bird from clay and breathe into it to become a living bird, prediction about what people had eaten and stored in their houses. But among the children of Israel who disbelieved exclaimed that it was nothing else mere a magic. And those who differed regarded his teachings and revelations, after clear proofs, went astray. Jesus also authenticated his predecessor prophets along with their scriptures and divine revelations sent to them by God.
Jesus and His Disciples
However, Jesus became conscious of the disbelief of clan of Israel, save his disciples who surrendered to one Allah and were true follower of the scripture and firm in their faith about the oneness of God. On the request of his disciples, Jesus prayed to Allah for sending down a table spread with food from heaven so that it become a feast for them as a sign from God and to satisfy their hearts in belief of one God. Allah descended the same unto them from heaven by reprimanding those who disbelieve after that.
Negation of Jesus as a son of God
The Holy Quran strictly negates the status of Jesus Christ as the son of God and says that whosoever makes false relations for Allah is a sinner and forbidden to enter paradise, because there is no God except Allah. And Messiah son of Mary is no other but a messenger of God like others messengers who passed away before him. That was his true revelations which Jesus taught to his followers. He himself worshipped one God and used to eat earthly food. And those of the children of Israel who went astray were cursed by the tongue of Jesus and they were transgressors.
Jesus Christ about The Holy Prophet Muhammad (P.B.U.H)
Jesus Christ had also given good tidings about the messenger of God named Muhammad (The praised one) to the children of Israel who had to come after him. It was the clear message of Jesus Christ that he confirmed what was revealed by God to his prophets including Torah before him and informed about the incoming prophet as well. So is the case in Islam, which teaches belief in all prophets of God with their divine revelations and there is no discrimination regarding their respect.
Physical Appearance of Jesus Christ
According to narration of Abdullah (Companion of Prophet), “The Prophet (PBUH) mentioned that while sleeping near the Ka`ba last night, I saw in my dream a man of brown color the best one can see amongst brown color and his hair was long that it fell between his shoulders. His hair was lank and water was dribbling from his head and he was placing his hands on the shoulders of two men while circumambulating the Ka`ba. I asked, 'Who is this?' They replied, 'This is Jesus, son of Mary.” (USC-MSA web (English) reference : Vol. 4, Book 55, Hadith 649)
Jesus Christ Ascended Before Execution
The Jews planned to execute the Jesus Christ; the reason behind the planned execution was that according to the Jewish scriptures, Messiah before his death would establish his rule over the world by making Jerusalem his throne. The Jews considered that Jesus was not the true Messiah as he had not established his rule and neither he could be killed before establishing his rule over the world. However, God protected the Jesus and ascended him from the cross. His ascension was complete i.e. both with physical and soul and so the Jews were deceived by killing a person resembling the Jesus in appearance.
Second Coming of Jesus Christ
According to narration of Abu Huraira (Companion of Prophet), Allah's Messenger said, “The Hour will not be established until the son of Mary (i.e. Jesus Christ) descends amongst you as a just ruler, he will break the cross, kill the pigs, and abolish the Jizya tax. Money will be in abundance so that nobody will accept it (as charitable gifts)”. (USC-MSA web (English) reference: Vol. 3, Book 43, Hadith 656)
Jesus will descend to earth and fight Anti-Messiah (Al-Masis e-Dajjal) forces who would already be engaged in war with Muslims, however Muslims would not over run his (Dajjal) forces until Jesus Christ descends on point of one white arcade of mosque in eastern Damascus, Syria. Jesus will join the war and kill Anti-Messiah who will be a personification of all evil forces and hard to subdued.
After the death of Anti-Messiah, People of the Book (Jews and Christians) will obey Jesus and follow the teachings of Islam. Jesus will then rule the world for forty years and in some accounts for seven years. During these years, there will be peace, abundance of wealth and all people will be on one religion (i.e. Islam). After the death of Jesus Christ, his funeral will be performed by Muslims and buried in a vacant grave in the Holy City of Medina (Saudi Arabia) left beside Muhammad (P.B.U.H), Abu Bakr and Umar Farooq (R.A.W), the righteous caliphs of Islam.