ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

WOMEN POWER& ARUNA ASAF ALI

Updated on March 26, 2016

Grand Lady of the Indian Independence Movement

March is Women's History Month. In April Navaratri will be celebrated to honor the Divine Mother. There were many great foremothers who were leaders in the Indian Independence Movement. In the 1940's these women gained positions all over India. Gandhi evolved from the young man who wanted his wife to stay home all the time to a great champion of women's rights and leadership roles all over India.

Aruna Asaf Ali was one of these great women of the movement. She was called the Grand Lady of the Indian Independence Movement. The personal was political for many of these great female leaders of the movement. They sacrificed a lot to bring independence to India.

On July 16, 1909, Aruna Asaf Ali was born in Kalka, Punjab, India. Today Kalka is known as Haryana. Her birth name was Aruna Ganguly. Her father Upendranath Ganguly was a restaurant proprietor. Her mother was the daughter of Tranilokyanath Sanyal, a prominent Brahmo leader who composed many Brahmo hymns. Her brother, Nagendranath, became a university professor and wed the daughter of Nobel Prize winner Rabindranath Tagore, Mira Devi. Purnima Banerjee, Aruna's sister, became a Constituent Assembly of India Member. As you can see there was a lot of intelligence and brilliance in this family.

Aruna was educated in Christian schools--Catholic and Protestant. She became a teacher at the Gokhale Memorial School in Calcutta. Indian Congress Party Leader, Asaf Ali, met her and they married in 1928. Her parents and family objected to the marriage because he was a Muslim and 23 years older than Aruna. They disowned her because of her decision to marry him, but the decision was a good one. It was through the marriage that her destiny was carried out and fulfilled. Before the marriage she was not involved with politics at all, that this changed dramatically after they married.

She became one of the great women leaders of the Indian Independence Movement. She is very famous for hoisting the Indian National Congress flag at Gowalia Tank maidan in Bombay as part of the Quit India Movement. In 1958 she became New Delhi's first mayor, and in the 1960's she established a great media publishing house she ran with her beloved friend and journalist, Edatata Narayanan. The year after she died she received India's highest civilian award, the Bharat Ratna, in 1997.

Many people were involved with the Salt Satyagraha with Gandhi including Aruna. She was charged with vagrancy and not released in 1931. The public outcry was great and her fellow co-prisoners protested her imprisonment in the Tihar Jail where she was placed in solitary confinement. She was released following this public outcry. She went underground in 1942. She edited Inquilab, a Congress Party monthly magazine. The warrant for her arrest was withdrawn in 1946. She became a member of the Socialist Party. Her husband, Asaf Ali, died in 1953. In 1954 she established the National Federation of Indian Women. In 1964 she received the Lenin Peace Prize. In 1991 she was awarded the Jawaharlal Nehru Award for International Understanding. In 1992 she received the Padma Vibhushan Award. In 1998 a commemorative stamp was issued celebrating her accomplishments.

The President of India from 2007 to 2012 was Shrimati Pratibha Devsigh Patil. She honored the 100 year celebration of Aruna's birth anniversary. Aruna promoted education as the way of increasing the power of women. President Patil said, "Educated women contribute to the development of a good family, a compassionate society, a progressive nation and a more tolerant world. Women constitute nearly half of the population of our country. Our full potential as a nation will only be fulfilled when women can fully realize their potential." Aruna would very much agree with this statement. It was through her education she achieved great things.

Our energy, Shakti, runs the Universe. We have been the leaders of all great social progress movements. Social change in society happens through women power. When women received the vote, many health, food and safety laws were passed. The health and longevity of humanity greatly increased when women won the vote. India had Indira Gandhi as a prime minister and many other great female leaders like President Shrimati Pratibha. The United States has an opportunity to elect their first female President. It will be interesting to see if the USA will accomplish this in 2016.

Aruna Asaf Ali, Indian Freedom Fighter, died at the age of 87 on July 29, 1996. As part of Women's History Month, it is great to honor this great and remarkable woman. Happy Holi and Happy Navratri!

JAI SHRI ARUNA! JAI SHRI INDEPENDENCE MOVEMENT! JAI SHRI GANDHI!

Radhapriestess

Comments

    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    No comments yet.

    working

    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, hubpages.com uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at: https://hubpages.com/privacy-policy#gdpr

    Show Details
    Necessary
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the googleapis.com or gstatic.com domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Features
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Marketing
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Statistics
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)