- Religion and Philosophy»
- Christianity, the Bible & Jesus
Was Eve Really The First Woman On Earth According To The Bible? If So, Then What About Lilith?
Everyone who has read The Book of Genesis knows about Adam and Eve and the fall in the Garden of Eden. Adam was the first man made in the image of God and Eve was the first woman. However, there are some who claim that Eve was not the first woman and that there was one before her named Lilith. Though there is a lot of information about her, some of it is confusing. She is sometimes said to be a woman and sometimes said to be a demon. She is supposed to be the mother of the giants as well as a spirit that terrorizes babies.They even say that she is mentioned in the Bible in The Book of Genesis, though not by name. Was she the first woman as some people claim she was?
I first heard of Lilith when I read The Lion, The Witch and The Wardrobe, by C.S. Lewis. He mentioned her by name when speaking about where the White Witch came from. He said that she: "......comes from your father Adam's first wife, her they called Lilith. And she was one of the Jinn. " (Mr. Beaver- The Lion The Witch and The Wardrobe, C.S. Lewis)
After that, I searched for more information about this Lilith. There are many different stories about her and many opinions differ concerning her but all the stories seem to say that she was the first woman and that she was banished before Eve was created, because she refused to marry Adam or submit to him. I wanted to investigate the idea that she was mentioned in the Bible. Though the word Lilith does appear in The Book of Isaiah, this is not the Scripture that they say mentions her. It is in The Book of Genesis. They claim that the following verses support the fact that she existed and that she was the first woman.
"And God said, Let us make man in our image, after our likeness: and let them have dominion over the fish of the sea, and over the fowl of the air, and over the cattle, and over all the earth, and over every creeping thing that creepeth upon the earth.
So God created man in his own image, in the image of God created he him; male and female created he them.
And God blessed them, and God said unto them, Be fruitful, and multiply, and replenish the earth, and subdue it: and have dominion over the fish of the sea, and over the fowl of the air, and over every living thing that moveth upon the earth." (Genesis 1 : 26-28)
These verses, located in Genesis Chapter One, is where those who believe in Lilith insist she in mentioned. This is evident, they say, because the detail of Eve's creation comes after, alluding to the fact that there was someone made before her. The detail that God gives of Adam and Eve's creation in Chapter Two is done, they say, solely to introduce Eve into the picture. The previous verses in Chapter One, they also say, described the creation of the two people made from the dust - Adam and Lilith.
The creation of Eve is recorded in The Book of Genesis Chapter Two where God made Eve out of the ribs of Adam.
"And the Lord God caused a deep sleep to fall upon Adam, and he slept: and he took one of his ribs, and closed up the flesh instead thereof;
And the rib, which the Lord God had taken from man, made he a woman, and brought her unto the man.
And Adam said, This is now bone of my bones, and flesh of my flesh: she shall be called Woman, because she was taken out of Man." (Genesis 2: 21-23)
It is evident, they say, that Lilith was different, in that she was created from dust, like Adam, while Eve was created from Adam.
Some people genuinely believe that Lilith existed. As for me, I don't know because as far as I can see in black and white, she was not mentioned in the Bible. What I do know is that she was NOT the first woman.
The Bible says that Eve was the first woman and I do not dispute it. The words are there for all to see. If Lilith existed at all (which I do doubt) she was not the first woman.
Adam himself gave the definition of the word woman. He said that because she came from man, she would be called "woman". Eve came from a man, Adam, and she was called woman.
Since Lilith did not come from man, she was not a woman, far less the first woman. Adam did not name her as woman, it is clear, because she did not fit the definition. As for the argument concerning her existence, that is another topic entirely, I would simply state that if she did exist and was banished, then why was it not recorded in the Bible as the first sin?