What Are Chakras? A Quick Guide
Chakras are energy centers in the subtle body. They align with the spine, to the top of the head. The most important Nadi, or energy channel, runs through or along the spine up to the top of the head, connecting with each chakra on it's way up. This subtle energy channel is called the Shushumna, where the Prana flows through.
The 1st Chakra
The first chakra is the lowest chakra along the spine. It is called the root chakra, or Muladhara. It's color is red. The root chakra is the seat of survival instincts and physical security. It is one of the lower three "material" chakras, as opposed to the higher chakras which are "spiritual". The middle chakra is the chakra of balance between the two. There are three higher, and three lower. This is the chakra that normally houses the Kundalini energy, while it is dormant. It is at the base of the spine, symbolically known to be "coiled three and a half times" around the base.
The 2nd Chakra
The second chakra is often called the sacral chakra, as it is located somewhere along the sacral bone. A couple of inches below the navel. It's name is Svadhishthana, and it's color is orange. You will probably notice by now the chakras follow the "colors of the rainbow" on their way up. The second chakra is the seat of sexual desire and reproduction.
The 3rd Chakra
The solar plexus chakra is the third chakra. It is located, as you may have guessed, at the solar plexus. It is the seat of the will. It's name is Manipura, and it's color is yellow. The solar plexus chakra is associated with power and fire. This is where the drive to win and achieve comes from.
The 4th Chakra
The fourth, and middle, chakra is the heart chakra. It balances the higher and lower chakras, the spiritual with the material. It is the integration of opposing forces. It is the last chakra to be fully activated and reach it's full potential. It's color is green and it's name is Anahata. It is located in the middle of the chest. It is associated with purity and cleanness.
The 5th Chakra
The fifth chakra is the throat chakra. It's name is Anahata. It's color is blue. The throat chakra is all about expressing truth. It is the first of the three higher spiritual chakras. It takes much internal work to determine truth. That is why the fifth chakra is rarely opened in most people. The fifth chakra requires the courage of the solar plexus chakra to express spiritual truth, thus it is a higher chakra, and the lower chakras must be opened first. The throat chakra is the location where the amrita is purified during awakening.
The 6th Chakra
The sixth chakra is the third eye chakra. It's color is indigo, and it is located in the middle of the forehead right above the eyes. This is why it's called the third eye chakra. This is the place where some people place the Bindi dot on their forehead. It's name is Ajna. Supposedly, it is associated with the pineal gland, where the amrita is secreted during awakening. Some think this is DMT. The third eye chakra is associated with intuition, and even clairvoyance. Some call this chakra the seat of the spiritual soul. It is also associated with spiritual perception.
The 7th Chakra
The seventh chakra is called Sahasrara. It is located at the top of the head, at the fontanel. Some place it further back on the head, but from my personal experience, it is at the fontanel. Some even place it above the head, in the subtle body which extends above the body. The seventh chakra is also known as the crown chakra, and it's color is violet. It's main aspect is cosmic consciousness. Some say that when this chakra is opened, Nirvana is reached. Some say it is divine union. I associate it with the Philosopher's Stone. The entire point of awakening is to reach this cosmic consciousness state. This state has been described in a similar way in many traditions. In Norse mythology, you reach this state through the rainbow bridge. There are similar mythologies throughout the world.