- Religion and Philosophy
What Quran Says About Prayers/Dua?
What Quran Says About Prayers?
The only way to connect the Humans and God and get themselves closer is Payers. It is the last resort of the drowning human to seek help from the Almighty as He is Who, Who has control on everything. There is nothing impossible for Him. He is the creator of the things in the Universe irrespective of the fact whether we can see or cannot see.
Prayer is the means by which a man seeks to drink deep at the fountainhead of the Divine morals. The Quran speaks of the prayer immediately after the belief in God in the very beginning: “This book, there is no doubt in it, is a guide to those who avoid (evil). Those who believe in the Unseen i.e. God, keep up prayer and spend out of what We have given them.(II:2:3).
In Arabic prayer is called “Salat” meaning a thing which burns. As prayer burns the evil propensities of men, it is called Salat. Prayer according to the Quranic teaching means a combination of outpourings of heart to the Great Maker in the form of Tashib (declaration of glory). Tahmid (expression of gratefulness), Taqdis (declaration of His purity, Istigfar (seeing forgiveness for sins) and Darud (sending blessing on the Prophet and his descendants). The Holy Quran also speaks of it as the means of the purification of the heart: “Prayer keeps one away from indecency and evil!” (xxix:45).
Islam includes the material advance or the worldly comforts of this life in the scope of religion. “There is no asceticism in Islam” says the Prophet(Peace be upon him). The Quran is still more explicit on the subject: “In the creation of the heavens and the alternation of the night and the day, there is surely signs for man of understanding; those who remember God standing and sitting and lying on their sides and reflect on the creation of the heavens and the earth.” (III: 180-190) To men of understanding the Quran recommends the remembrance of God with the pursuit of sciences, thus combining moral and spiritual greatness with material and worldly advancement.
The most important part of the Muslim prayer is the first chapter of the Holy Quran, which is as follows:-
“All praise is due to God the Rabb (i.e. feeder, Who nourishes and evolver of the worlds). The Beneficent, the Merciful, the Master of the day of requital. Thee do we serve and Thee do we beseech for help. Guide us on the right path. The path of those upon Thou hast bestowed favors. Not of those whom wrath is brought down, nor of those who go astray.”
In this prayer the four chief attributes of God are mentioned viz Providence, Beneficence, Mercy and Retribution. And these attributes decidedly make the best moral code for humanity.
Prayer is looked upon as a burdensome duty. Does the Almighty stand in need of imposing any tax upon His creatures? He is above all needs. Prayer is necessary for own good. There is a taste in everything. The sweetest thing is God. Therefore there should be the greatest taste in divine love.
Of all the devolution acts and religious practices in Islam, Prayer is the most noble. It brings untold blessings upon the devotee both in this world and in the world to come. The five daily prayers are compulsory on every sane adult in the fold of Islam. Prayer prevents people from all evils and losses. The observance of prayer is ordained by Allah. It is mentioned in the Holy Quran at thirty three different placed in orders enjoining us to take to prayer at the prescribed times or prohibiting us from neglecting it.
The verses of Quran which deals with the prayer are as under:-
O ye who believe! When ye rise up for prayer, wash your faces and hands up to your elbows, and lightly rub your heads and (wash) your feet up to the ankles (V.6).
And if ye are sick or on journey, or on of you cometh from the closet, or ye have had contact with women, and ye find no water, then go to clean, high ground and rub your faces and your hands with some of it. Establish Salah (prayer) (ii.43). And enjoin upon thy people worship. (xx.33). Worship at fixed hours bath been enjoined on the believers (iv. 103). And bow your heads with those who bow (in worship) (ii.43).
Lo! Worship preserve from lewdness and iniquity (xxix.45). Ah, woe unto worshipers who are heedless of their prayers; who would be seen (at worship (cvii.5). And when they (the hypocrites) stand up to worship they perform it languidly. (iv. 142).