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Which Creaton 3
Which Creation 3
There are some special creationists who believe in an old earth. They see between Genesis 1:1 and 1:2 a gap of billions of years. Into this gap is placed the fossil record and the fall of Satan and a great flood which destroyed the world and its earlier inhabitants. This explanation is believed to be scripturally superior in that it accounts for the fall of Satan, it is believed to be theologically superior because it allows to God to create a perfect that is not “without form and void”, and it is believed to be scientifically superior because it allows for the billions of years required by evolutionists. In my study of creationism I have found it to be inadequate.
The primary difficulty I had with the gap theory was the flood of Noah. If I allowed for an old earth using conventional geology then there should be evidence of a worldwide flood at about 3500-2400 B.C. But conventional geology does not have evidence for such a flood so recently in earth history. Those in my church who believed in the gap theory also believed that Noah’s flood was a local flood. As God had promised no more flood after the flood of Noah all local floods would prove God a liar, but as there has been no further Global flood God has kept His promise. It also seems more logical that if God had given Noah a hundred years to build the ark it would have been simpler in those hundred years to simply migrate to higher ground to avoid a local flood. There also appears to be no reason to preserve the animals from the flood as many animals outside of the flood region would survive. Thus from a logical perspective, either the flood of Noah must be global or a mythical story.
It was at this time that I discovered Walt Brown’s Hydroplate Theory. Walt Brown is a young earth creationist, his theory attempts to account for geology as we see it as well as historical geology as put forward in the Bible. This theory proposes that in the earth’s crust there once existed a substantial amount of subsurface water. At the time that Noah finished building the ark this water which was under substantial pressure broke out of its subterranean chambers. The sudden release of pressure caused the superheated water to turn to steam. This accords with Genesis 7:11 “all the fountains of the great deep were broken up, and the windows of heaven were opened.” It is the fountains of the deep that open first followed by the windows of heaven. In Hydroplate Theory the great subterranean chambers open first, the crack they cause spreads around the world forming the major ridges and plates we see today. The steam that is released into the atmosphere cools and falls as rain.
The release of the subterranean water causes great shifts in the overlying plates, what we now recognize as plate tectonics (although Walt Brown proposes that there are differences between his Hydroplate mechanism and plate tectonics). The shifting plates cause massive volcanism and orogeny (mountain building). The large amounts of water vapour and sediment carried into the atmosphere cause global cooling, the precipitation that falls begins to fall as snow and ice and the evidence of an ice age is created.
This theory accounts for most of what we see in the geological record. It is consistent with the Biblical record and it is not the only theory to do so.
- In the Beginning: Compelling Evidence for Creation and the Flood - The Hydroplate Theory: An Overvie
A description of hydroplate theory.
Catastrophic Plate Tectonics
While Hydroplate Theory rejects Plate Tectonics, Catastrophic Plate Tectonics is a variation of it. Catastrophic or Rapid Plate Tectonics accepts the mechanisms of plate tectonics but has them occurring at much faster rates over much smaller increments of time. The majority of CPT is believed to have occurred at the time of Noah’s flood. The difference between this theory and Hydroplate Theory is that there is no subterranean water and the flood begins with a rapid plate subduction. This subduction causes massive subterranean heating with massive oceanic steam clouds bursting into the atmosphere and carrying aerosolized water with them. From a layman’s perspective it is at the beginning of the flood that the two theories differ.
As the subduction progresses ocean bottoms rise and ocean waters flood the continents. Thus there is the opening of the fountains of the deep causing massive rainfall followed by flooding from the ocean. For many years after the flood the oceans are abnormally warm causing increased precipitation with the abnormally dense cloud cover reducing atmospheric temperatures. The low temperatures and increased precipitation result in an ice age.
This theory has the advantage of having been proposed by a geophysicist and having been successfully modeled.
While neither of these theories can be considered proven they show that there are reasonable scientific theories to explain the historic information found in the Bible. For me it meant that Noah’s flood was global, the Biblical account literal and a reason to reject the gap theory. It also means that the evidence for Noah’s flood is not to be found in recent geologic formations but in the ancient formations, formations which in a Biblical chronology begin approximately 7000 years ago.
The evidence as presented by young earth creationists is therefore more logical. It is theologically more satisfying and exegetically simpler, and it is scientifically more complete.
- Global Flood
A description of Catastrophic Plate Tectonics