Bible: What Does Zechariah 12-14 Teach Us About The Last Times and Elect Israel's Regeneration?
The One Whom They Have Pierced
The chapter begins in introductory fashion, as did chapter nine, yet here the oracle or burden is against Israel (v. 1a).
Authoritatively proclaiming Himself the Creator of the universe and the fashioner of man's spirit (v. 1b), the LORD speaks judgment against this people.
However, the surrounding nations who attack Jerusalem seem to be the ones in greater trouble.
Yahweh calls His chosen city "a cup of drunkenness" and "a very heavy stone"; no nation would be able to carry it away (vv. 2-3).
The invaders' horses will be struck blind "in that day" (v. 4), and the governors of Judah will act heroically in Jerusalem's defense (vv. 5-6).
Yet Yahweh is the true Savior, delivering both Judah and Jerusalem; apparently, He saves Judah first to prevent Jerusalem's inhabitants from boasting (v. 7).
As they defend the city, God's people become mighty in Him; Yahweh will judge her, i.e., the city's, enemies "in that day" (vv. 8-9).
The man of God now foretells the regeneration of the house of David and the inhabitants of Jerusalem when the One "whom they have pierced" comes the second time (vv. 10-14).
Great mourning, however, will also issue from individual families, presumably over the nation's long rejection of their Messiah (cf. Rev. 1:7).
Why do the wives mourn by themselves?
"In That Day"
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Jesus and His Disciples
Zechariah continues the subject of Jewish regeneration: here, he discusses the aspect of cleansing from sin (v. 1).
[The prophet constantly employs the eschatological phrase "In that day" (see 12:3, 4, 6, 8, 9, 11; 13:1, 2, 4; 14:4, 6, 8, 9, 13, 20, 21)].
Idolatry and every false messenger will disappear from the land, either by banishment (v. 2) or through execution (v. 3).
Compelled by the people, once deceitful prophets will repent (vv. 4-6).
Yahweh Sabaoth strikes His shepherd with His sword, causing the sheep to scatter (v. 7, cf. Is. 53:4, 10; Mk. 14:27).
Then interestingly, He foretells the latter-day Jewish persecution (vv. 8-9): a time of tribulation that bears no relation to the time of Christ's first coming.
By means of "fiery trials," God will refine a remnant of Jews, and they will call upon Him as their Lord.
The Site of His Return
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The Dead Sea
Zechariah makes his audience aware of the awful judgments to come during the "day of the LORD" (vv. 1-2).
On the one hand, Jerusalem will endure capture, looting, and captivity for half of her people.
The text says that "all nations" will gather against her; this invasion most certainly alludes to the campaign of Armageddon (v. 2; cf. Rev. 16:14).
On the other hand, Yahweh will fight for Israel against these nations (v. 3).
Messiah's personal return/coming to the Earth causes the Mount of Olives to cleave in two when He sets His foot upon it (v. 4; cf. Acts 1:11).
The remnant that remains alive flees through the valley His arrival produces (v. 5).
At that time—Zechariah calls it "one day"—twilight will blanket the land until evening when it will suddenly become light (vv. 6-7).
This phenomenon must signal the beginning of Messiah's kingdom.
''Living waters'' will emerge from Jerusalem in winter and summer to rejuvenate the Mediterranean and Dead Seas (v. 8, cf. Ezek. 47:1-12).
Yahweh will establish His sole kingship over the whole planet (v. 9) with a safe and peaceful Jerusalem rising above the surrounding land (vv. 10-11).
Zechariah recalls and graphically describes the horrible "plague" of dissolution with which God will afflict Israel's enemies and their livestock (vv. 12, 15).
Panic attacks these peoples (v. 13), and Judah confiscates great wealth (v. 14).
Those who survive this terrible judgment among the nations must worship Yahweh, or experience drought in their own lands (vv. 16-19).
Holiness will characterize everything throughout the kingdom (vv. 20-21; cf. Ex. 28:36).
SUMMARY QUESTIONS OF ZECHARIAH
1. What was the function of the three horses/horsemen in chapter one?
2. Why had God appeared to delay showing mercy to Judah?
3. What were the purposes of the "horns" and the "craftsmen"?
4. Why need the young surveyor not measure Jerusalem?
5. What does the fourth vision symbolize?
6. What might the stone with seven eyes represent?
7. Whom do the lampstand and the two olive trees symbolize?
8. Who primarily will oversee the rebuilding of the temple?
9. How many visions did Zechariah receive?
10. Who is the woman in the basket, and where was she taken?
11. What relationship does the high priest Joshua sustain with the Branch?
12. Why did Yahweh reject the people's habit of fasting?
13. What formulaic phrase highlights chapter eight?
14. With what do these segments concern themselves?
15. Why do God's people often need exhortations to rejoice?
16. Which nations will the LORD destroy in that day?
17. What prevented the prophecies of 9:9-10 from simultaneous fulfillment?
18. Against whom does the LORD promise judgment in chapter ten?
19. According to chapter 10, what does the LORD promise to do for Judah?
20. What do Zechariah's two shepherd staffs symbolize?
21. To what “day” does the prophet refer in chapter twelve?
22. When will God regenerate Israel?
23. According to chapter thirteen, what is a major component of regeneration?
24. What appears between 13:7 and 13:8-9? What caused its occurrence?
25 What eschatological events does chapter fourteen recount?
26. What character quality will the millennial kingdom exemplify?
27. What names does Yahweh call Jerusalem?
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