The Holy Kaaba
Kaaba The Most Sacred House For Muslims
I know many have wondered what is Kaaba and why is the Mosque at Mecca important to Muslims. The Kaaba is the sacred home in the world to followers of Islamic Religion.
All Muslims know that Kaaba or any part of it is not worshipped; it is the quiblah (direction) for Muslim prayer. All prayers in Islamic Religion throughout the world must be faced toward Kaaba at Mecca.
At The Beginning, Muslims adopted to face a mosque at Jerusalem during performing worship. As per direction of Allah in the holy Quran (2:144), Muslims get their faces toward holy Kaaba to offer their prayer to one only God.
It is estimated that more than billion Muslim population turn towards the Kaaba at Holy Mosque for five times daily prayer. The Kaaba is a highly influential center that all Muslims face during their worship.
Photo Credit: Wikimedia Commons.
Photo Credit: Wikimedia Commons
In Arabic language, Kaaba means a prominent, respectful space. As per religious faith goes, that the Allah the Almighty granted permission to built Kaaba in the form of the home in heaven, (Baitul-Ma’moor).
Allah in his eternal Benevolence commanded a similar place on earth. Renowned chroniclers assume that the Kaaba has been renewed between five to 12 times. At first Prophet Adam was constructed this prayer house.
In Holy Quran Allah says that Kaaba was the first building that was constructed for people to worship Allah. Latest and significant restoration of the Kaaba has done in the year 1996. In the course of this renovation, the unique item left from the structure is the stones.
All previous material has been changed, and also the ceiling with its wood. At present, the building is about 13.1 meter high and plans to cover 11.03 m x 12.86 m.
A Black stone (Hajar al Aswath) was fixed into its northeastern corner, at the North is el Ruken-al-Iraqi, at the west al Ruken-al-Shami and at the south al Ruken-al-Yamani.
In the North East side, there is an only door erected about 7 feet above floor level. In front of the Kaaba was Maqhame-Ibrahim, the curved form gate identified as Banu-Sayba together with the water well called Zamzam.
In 630CE, Messenger of Allah, Muhammad (PBUH) took command of Makkah. He left the Kaaba as it was, but he demolished all the idols and eliminated the paintings and all other pagan ornaments from the inner walls of the building.
As a result, once more, the Kaaba, the House of God, was devoted to the simple and virtuous worship of the Allah the Almighty.
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The Black Stone.
About 2.5m from the ground level in the north-eastern corner of Kaaba located a Black Stone (Hajar al Aswath). There is a traditional practice among the pilgrims about caressing and touching the black stone.
In their Haj ritual, it is treated as a marker where one commences the circumambulation (Tawaaf) of Kaaba. Even the custom, which reveals about osculating or touching the stone, is apparent that the black stone is just a stone. Unfortunately, non-Muslims think that Muslims pray the stone and Kaaba.
Bur, the Muslims know that it is a just a stone, and it can neither gain nor hurt anyone. They do touch and kiss the stone, only because of their beloved messenger kissed the stone.
They know Islam accurately forbids the worship of any other thing, idol and object other than Allah the Almighty.
Veiling of Kaaba.
All sides of the Kaaba are clothed with a black silk fabric flopping down and letting the roof uncovered. This curtain or screen is called kesoua and renewed annually at the time of the Haj.
There is a practice extremely isolated in Kaaba's history of covering the outside of the Kaaba with a carpet which has at various times been made of Yemen fabric of Egyptian linen of ml brocade and of black silk.
To give it became at one time a symbol of grandeur, and it was pleasantly furnished by the rulers of Egypt and then by the Turkish sultan. There seems to be some form of authorities on some things pertaining to the custom of veiling.
From the top of the veil, there is an embroidered band with texts from the Holy Quran with gilt letters in the veil.
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Inside Kaaba - Vid
The Kaaba was only constructed for the purpose of prayer, like a mosque. Hence the inside of the construction, it is empty.
Till 1950, guardians of the holy mosque allowed even common pilgrims to perform prayer inside the holy Kaaba, but as rivalry of Islam increased, entrance of people was forbidden to keep away from any sabotage.
At present only head of an Islamic nation can offer prayer in it.