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Aurobindo A Yogi of Politics

Updated on October 16, 2014

A Yogi of Indian Politics

Sri Aurobindo is a renowned Indian Nationalist brains in the first decade of 20th century. He emerged as a pathfinder of the revolutionary movement in Bengal plus an important force in arousing the country towards the necessity for liberation.

Aurobindo's interchange over from politics to devoutness happened step by step. The inmost theme of Aurobindo's perception was the metamorphosis of human life into life heavenly.

In his articles, Aurobindo merged Eastern and Western theory of knowledge, belief, classics, and social science. His most imperative philosophical compositions are The Life Divine and the integration of Yoga, when, in fact, his chief poetic work is Savitri.

Aurobindo was the earliest Indian to indite a major learned body in English.

Sri Aurobindo
Sri Aurobindo

Aurobindo Akroyd Ghosh

Born: August 15, 1872

Died: December 05, 1950

Writings of Aurobindo

Integral Yoga: Sri Aurobindo's Teaching & Method of Practice
Integral Yoga: Sri Aurobindo's Teaching & Method of Practice

This book is about Yoga Sadana. A great beginner's hand book to Aurobindo's spiritual writings and perception. This book assist as a priceless manual for seekers - beginners and well-versed practitioners.

 
Aurobindo's Childhood Photo
Aurobindo's Childhood Photo

Aurobindo's Early Years

Aurobindo Ghose was born in Calcutta, India. Aurobindo spent his first five years at Rangapur, where his father Dr. Krishna Dhan Ghose - District Surgeon posted since October 1871. Little Aurobindo studied 2 years at Loreto Convent School in Darjeeling.

At the age of seven (1897), he and his two elder brothers were taken to Briton for schooling and lived-in there fourteen years. Aurobindo joined St. Paul's School in London in 1884 and in 1890 he walked to King's College, Cambridge with a senior classic scholarship, where he studied for a couple of years.

Even as an early stages growing up in England, Sri Aurobindo dreamed of setting free his homeland from British rule. While he was a student at King's College, he delivered many radical speeches.

Planning for his revolutionary action.

Returning to India in 1893, he wrote for Bombay newspaper Indu Prakash , a chain of articles attacking many mendicant policies of Indian national Congress; whenever the editor of the newspaper asked him to tone down his writings; he lost interest and deserted the series.

For the next thirteen years he worked inside the service of a typical Princely State of Baroda, first in administrative positions, then as a thoughtful professor at Baroda Collage and at last as the College's acting principal.

He was quoted saying, "There were several years of self-culture, of literary activity... and of preparation for his future work." On the end of this timeframe he began his revolutionary action.

Aurobindo with his Wife
Aurobindo with his Wife

His Dynamic Leadership

Sri Aurobindo presiding over a meeting of the Nationalists after the Surat Congress,1907
Sri Aurobindo presiding over a meeting of the Nationalists after the Surat Congress,1907

As a thoughtful political figure Aurobindo was in the public eye for under a short time (1906 to 1910) - but these were historic years that changed the facial skin of Indian politics. Aurobindo was also, we perceive, by far the most imaginative spokesman of Indian Nationalism and it's most clever and articulate voice.

With great intellectual force he argued that political autonomy was necessary for the wellness and fulfillment of every aspect of national life, social, economic, cultural and spiritual. Before his arrival to politics, most Indian leaders were moderates loyal to the British Government, supporters of a program of slow reform through a servile policy of "pray, petition and protest".

By the time of his departure, the wave had turned. A brand new bunch of men had arisen, Nationalists loyal to fulfilling the think of political liberation. Due to his thought, writings, rousing speeches and dynamic leadership of Nationalist party, Aurobindo was main source in bringing this alteration.

Synthesis of Yoga, US Edition
Synthesis of Yoga, US Edition

This book explains the truth of the various paths of spiritual self-discipline and how they can guide to an integral spiritual life in the human knowledge.

 
Sri Aurobindo with Tilak and other Nationalist leaders, 1907.
Sri Aurobindo with Tilak and other Nationalist leaders, 1907.

As A Radical Leader

The Government made their tries to restrict the growing Nationalist by outlawing meetings or breaking them up and by suppresses the newspapers. Aurobindo was tried twice for agitation and acquitted both times. The earliest incidence in August 1907, at the annual session of the National Congress at Surat, Aurobindo, with Tilak led the Nationalists right into a heated clash with all the Moderates, which split the Congress in two.

In May 1908 he was detained within the Alipore Bomb Case, occupied inside the activities of Barindra's group. Thirty-eight people stood trial, accused with plot to wage war contrary to the King. Aurobindo, whom the govt sought in particular others to convict, was released after spending one full year in jail being an under trial prisoner.

Released in May 1909 he found the Nationalist movement broken and turned away by severe Government suppression. The vast majority of its leaders was in fact jailed, expelled or forced into exile.

More or less alone he tried to revitalize the Nationalist movement in the following months. As part of this take on he started two weekly newspapers, Karmayogin in English and Dharma in Bengali.

But he understood nation hasn't been yet adequately qualified to conduct his policy and program. Even if the Nationalist movement had failed right into a long-lasting of depression, its motivation hasn't been dead. The decision for freedom was in fact heard and afterwards it led this great country to independence.

He Left Politics

In February 1910 Auroindo discovered the Government supposed to detain him again. When considering what needs to do, he received an abrupt command from above check out to Chandernagore, a close by city in French India.

That evening he left Calcutta, not to ever return. Six week later went to Pondicherry; he never came back towards the political field. Hurtful critics have charged him with escaping from British India on learning of the Government's target to arrest him again.

Others assumed he grew depressed because of suppressing the Nationalist movement and felt that further effort would by useless. Aurobindo stated that he left from Bengal for not of those reasons.

However he left only for the divine command. For several years he well thought-out about returning to Bengal, however not until he had gained perfection (siddhi) in the yoga he was practicing. In the long run he deserted active politics with the aim to focus all his energies on the spiritual work he had taken up.

While he once noted he break his association with politics only after he saw eventual independence of India by the march of forces of which he had become aware.

The Lives of Sri Aurobindo
The Lives of Sri Aurobindo

Biography about a politician, a sage, a scholar, a revolutionary, a poet, a philosopher, a social and cultural theorist, and the motivation for an experiment in cooperative living. A great book

 

His View On Nationalism

He has always insisted for this spiritual portion of India's fight back for freedom. For him Nationalism were not an averse policy of throwing out the outsider for the benefit of political, social and economic benefit; previously it was an encouraging belief of nation-building inside the light of India's spiritual certainty.

Political freedom was only the outer unit of his view of Nationalism. It's an important condition to strengthen the country's spiritual greatness. It's expressing the greatness within the circumstances of present-day life.

A revitalized India, obsessed within their old spiritual dharma in forms fitting to the current, would not ever only fulfill her own deepest needs but aid the entire world within this forward march. For India's fortune, Aurobindo declared, is usually to "new mold the life span on the planet and restore the peace of the human spirit".

His Literary Works

Sri Aurobindo has English language as his first belletristic communication rather than his indigenous Bengali; also his yield, in English, is tremendous.

A look over personality in Indian English literary works, Sri Aurobindo, in his developmental years, underwent a thoroughgoing method of Westernization like largest of the knowledgeable Bengali scholars of the time.

Gaining outstanding competency in the different prestigious languages like Latin, Greek, as well as French with a continued knowledge with German and Italian, he manifested an extraordinary conversion.

He started inclining Indian languages, rediscovering Indian theology and logical concept and finishing up by diving into the torrential oceans of Indian nationalist diplomacy.

All this time, he had not discontinued writing in English: prose, poem, lectures, expositions, journalism, etc.

Secret of the Veda, New U.S. Edition
Secret of the Veda, New U.S. Edition

A fascinating diagnosis of the Vedas. Aurobindo's perspicacity into the Vedas with many interpretations and explanation. He disclosed the secret definition of the rig Veda.

 

In Pondicherry

In Pondicherry, Aurobindo devoted himself to his spiritual and philosophical search. In 1914, after four years of rigorous yoga, in Arya, a 64-page monthly review Aurobindo projected to communicate his vision in intellectual terms. This had become medium for his most prominent writings, which appeared in sequential form. Few of them are:

The Life Divine

The Upanishads

The Synthesis of Yoga

The Renaissance in India

Essays on The Gita

War and Self-determination

The Secret of The Veda

The Human Cycle

Hymns to the Mystic Fire

The Ideal of Human Unity

The Future Poetry.


Aurobindo is the most significant and perhaps the most interesting.... He is a new type of thinker, one who combines in his vision the alacrity of the West with the illumination of the East. He is a yogi who writes as though he were standing among the stars, with the constellations for his companions. pondicherry is prayer palace of arbindo ghosh.

~Times Literary Supplement, London on 8 July 1944.

The Mother. Auroville
The Mother. Auroville

The Mother

The Mother was born in Paris on 21 February 1878. She was a talented artist, and does well as a pianist and writer. Attracted to occultism, the Mother voyaged to Pondicherry in 1914 to meet Sri Aurobindo.

She immediately understands he is the person who had inwardly guided her spiritual development. After a stay of eleven months, because of First World War, she had to return to France.

In April 1920 the Mother rejoined Sri Aurobindo in Pondicherry. While the Sri Aurobindo Ashram was founded in November 1926, Sri Aurobindo hand over its full material and spiritual charge to the Mother.

Under her direction, which lasting for nearly half a century, the Ashram grew into a large, many-faceted spiritual community. In 1952 she started Sri Aurobindo International Center of Education, and in 1968 a global township, Auroville. The Mother died on l7 November 1973.

Auroville - An Ideal City

Matrimandir globe at Auroville
Matrimandir globe at Auroville

Auroville placed near Pondicherry city. Known named Sri Aurobindo Ashram, devoted towards 'unity of mankind'. It is universal community. The thought associated with an ideal city, commuted to unity of human race, came to the Mother in the 1930s.

It was only in the mid 1960s that Sri Aurobindo Society in Pondicherry projected to form Auroville to Mother. After she gave her approval, sanction the Government of India was taken. The Indian government took this theory to General Assembly of United Nation and the project received approval with citation in 1966.

The city started on 28th February 1968. Representatives from nearly 124 countries attended the beginning ceremony. The important reason of Auroville consists of Aurabindo & Mother's teachings.

The city developed to house a population around 50,000 people from around the world. The core motto of all the people living in the Auroville city would be to convert life into 'Supramental Consciousness'.

Auroville intends to become such city that could role model to the cities of the future, cities where individuals will strive into harmonious future.

AUROVILLE INDIA - Vid

The Life Divine by Sri Aurobindo - Book From Amazon

Sri Aurobindo And the Descent of Supermind upon Earth - Vid - Sri Aurobindo and Mother Mira worked on the descent of Supermind upon earth,thus giving birth to a

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    • TransplantedSoul profile image

      TransplantedSoul 4 years ago

      This was so interesting to read. what a great leader!

    • profile image

      anonymous 4 years ago

      What an amazing visionary....an excellent tribute to Sri Aurobindu and his teachings!

    • VspaBotanicals profile image

      VspaBotanicals 4 years ago

      Wow, this is incredile. love the video,

    • profile image

      flashkid 4 years ago

      Very good lens. Thanks for putting it together

    • whiteskyline lm profile image

      whiteskyline lm 5 years ago

      Beautiful lens. I have read a couple of books of Answers from Mother Meera, and found it very powerful. I have read a little from Sri Aurobindu, great teachings. A friend of mine has been to visit her many times in Germany, and I received darshan once, which was quite amazing.

    • Zut Moon profile image

      Zut Moon 5 years ago

      Interesting lens

    • SecondHandJoe LM profile image

      SecondHandJoe LM 5 years ago

      I don't often get to read about the history of a 'giant' like Aurobindo Akroyd Ghosh from a completely different culture. You have a wonderful lens here, thanks for sharing! I will get back from time to time to read more!

    • Close2Art LM profile image

      Close2Art LM 5 years ago

      Very interesting page!!! His supermind concept is very deep to say the least, Blessed