- Religion and Philosophy
The Book of Ezekiel
Ezekiel an Old Testament prophet and the book containing his message. The name is spelled Ezechiel in Roman Catholic translations. The book was written from about 592 B.C. to 570 B.C.
Ezekiel, a priest of the land of Judah, was among the Jews carried into captivity by King Nebuchadnezzar of Babylonia. He addressed his prophecies to the Jews to keep their faith alive. In the early portion of the book, Ezekiel condemns the Jews for their sinful ways and foretells the fall of Jerusalem and the Temple. After the fulfillment of this prophecy he consoles his people and predicts the downfall of Israel's enemies and the eventual triumph of Judaism. He also predicts the rebuilding of Jerusalem and the Temple.
Ezekiel introduced the important moral idea that the individual, rather than the nation, is responsible to God. He also opposed the belief that children would be punished for the sins of their fathers.