ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

Who was Brigham Young?

Updated on December 26, 2016

Brigham Young was a American religious leader and colonizer. Born Whitingham, Vt., June 1, 1801. Died Salt Lake City, Utah, Aug. 29, 1877.

Young was a foremost leader of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, popularly called Mormons. In his early life he worked as a painter and glazier in New York State. He became interested in Mormon-ism and, following a great religious transformation, was received into the Church in 1832. He was ordained an elder in the same year and began an active ministry in New York. Thereafter he brought Mormon converts to the settlement at Kirt-land Hills, Ohio, made a successful preaching tour of the eastern United States, and distinguished himself in a semimilitary expedition to relieve persecuted Mormons in Missouri. In recognition of his abilities, Young was made an original member of the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles, which became one of the most powerful Mormon institutions.

By 1839, Young had become the senior member of the council, and he organized the emigration of persecuted Mormons from Missouri. He led them to Hancock County, 111., where for a short time he worked to establish Nauvoo, a thriving new Mormon capital. Young then went to Britain, where he spent the years from 1839 to 1841 as a missionary.

Returning to the United States, Young again preached in the East before returning to Nauvoo. In 1844, after the murder of the Mormon leader Joseph Smith, Young took over interim leadership of the church. Persecution continued, however, and in 1846 the Mormons were once again forced to emigrate. Young declared that he would lead them to a land that was so desolate that no one would covet it or try to take it from them. He led his flock of several thousand persons westward across the country, and in 1847 they reached the valley of the Great Salt Lake. There, Young founded Salt Lake City as the center of Mormonism.

Under his direction, Young's followers set to work constructing irrigation facilities, bringing the land under cultivation, building the new city, and laying the foundations for the Mormon temple. Young set up the Perpetual Emigration Fund to provide financial help for new converts settling in the area and established more than 350 communities. He named the new Mormon homeland the State of Deseret and established a theocracy.

In 1850, Young was made territorial governor of the region, which the U.S. Congress had made the Territory of Utah. That year he also founded the University of Deseret, which later became the University of Utah. Young was deprived of the governorship in 1858, when he refused to suppress the Mormon practice of polygamy, or plural marriage, but he continued in fact as leader of the territory. In 1871 he was indicted for polygamy and accused of murder, but he was freed from both charges.

During his last years, Young continued his work of building the Utah Territory and strengthening his Church. He sent missionaries to Asia and Europe, bringing thousands of immigrants to the United States.

Comments

    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    No comments yet.

    working

    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, hubpages.com uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at: https://hubpages.com/privacy-policy#gdpr

    Show Details
    Necessary
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the googleapis.com or gstatic.com domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Features
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Marketing
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Statistics
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)