Satan Myths Lucifer, Morningstar and 666
Christian Myth #3 in a series: Satan Myths
Does the Morning Star symbolize Satan? Is Lucifer the name of Satan the devil or is Lucifer related to Babylon's dynasty of kings? Is 666 the number or sign of the devil? Myth number 3 in a series. Listed on: Online Directory for DMEGS.
Satan as Lucifer
Is Lucifer the name of Satan?
Is Satan's name Lucifer or was Lucifer a name of a king in Biblical history? If Lucifer is not Satan's name then how did the name become associated with Satan? Is Lucifer a name at all, or a description?
Lucifer and Dynasty of Kings:
At Isaiah chapter 14, verse 4 and again in verse 12, there is a descriptive designation applied to a King of Babylon based on Satan filling the king of Babylon with ambitions to have complete domination over the earth, even over God. This king (in Biblical times) 'lifted himself up' in his own heart and was in his own eyes and the eyes of his admirers a "shining one", a son of the dawn. The shining one when translated in Latin means Lucifer.
The King of Babylon (from Isaiah), was a wicked ruler, who represented himself as the shining one depicts Satan the devil, the wicked one who keeps shining in the sense that he keeps appealing to people (falsely) as an angel of light. In other words the wicked ruler was acting like Satan who has the same traits. Notice the picture below resembles a light bearer.
Lucifer was retained in the Latin Vulgate because it is merely a translation of the Hebrew word heh.lel', "shining one", which is not a name, but a title describing the boastful position taken by Babylon's dynasty of kings of the line of Nebuchadnezzar.
Keep in mind the Old Testament was originally written in Hebrew with limited portions being in Aramaic, and the New Testament (called Christian Scriptures) was written in Greek, specifically Koine, with the exception of Matthew, which was first written in Hebrew, then Greek. The reason I point this out is because the Latin translation (of shining one to Lucifer) came about after the original Bible manuscripts, and has since been taken out of context, which has confused masses of people. Lucifer is found in the Geneva Bible and therefore was transferred over to some revisions of the King James Bible, but only once, with both Bibles borrowing from the Latin Vulgate (see link), where the Vulgate references a king not the devil.
Lucifer in Pop Culture
The Latin Vulgate, widely misunderstood by many, which partially was the basis for the out of context Geneva Bible, was perhaps borrowed from for the arts and entertainment industry. Lucifer, now being stuck in the minds of many has become the norm and accepted name although erroneous and movie makers and comic book creators capitalized on it.
The 1987 movie "Angel Heart" starred Mickey Rourke and Robert Dinero, whereas Dinero played the devil Louis Cyphre (aka Lou-cifer), perhaps borrowed from the Latin Vulgate, but which is wrong in interpretation, since I previously stated describes a king.
Additionally, Mike Carey's "Lucifer" is a D.C. Comics character and was a spin-off of Neil Gaiman's comic book series, "The Sandman", where Lucifer was first introduced as a supporting character. Carey's full name of the character is Lucifer Morningstar, which is also misleading, and leads us to the next topic of Satan as the Morning Star discussed below.
Summary this section:
#1) Satan is Lucifer - myth and #2) Lucifer is a name - myth for it is instead a description or title describing a person who falsely shines like the evil spirit being, Satan.
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Satan as the Morning Star
Is the Morning Star associated with Satan?
In the previous section we discussed how Lucifer as a name came into being, but some also associate the Morning Star with Satan. Is this correct? Let's find out if and why.
That name was given again (thousands of years later) to the dawn appearance of the planet Venus, which heralds daylight so the words "Day Star" or "Morning Star" were rendered by some when speaking about Satan, because The King of Babylon was the "shining one" with the same traits as Satan.
This is however incorrect on two accounts when referring to Satan as the Morning Star. First of all Venus has been known as the Morning Star OR Evening Star, because it reaches its maximum brightness shortly before sunrise or shortly after sunset, and second because Satan is seen as the angel of light (that shines) NOT a star that shines.
Previously we had discussed Mike Carey's DC comics character (see link) as one of many that has misled people about the so-called "Lucifer" name, but also misled the public about the Biblical use of stars, but that is not the only example. There are others that have ALSO misunderstood the concept of the phrase "Morning Star" as it pertains to the Bible. Wikipedia has as an example (and wrong I might add) that Lucifer is a Morning Star based on a concept they have from a passage from Isaiah.
I have already described shining ones and morning star (above), but still Wikipedia's explanation does not mean what they say it does. Wikipedia quoted Isaiah 14:12 and described it as pertaining to Satan, but it is actually a metaphor used in referring prophetically to the Davidic kings of Judah from Numbers 24:17. In the book of Numbers, the Babylonian dynasty for a time did rise above these Judean kings by conquest of Jerusalem paralleling Isaiah's Babylonian kings as a "shining one" who is seeking to lift up his throne "above the stars of God". Isaiah's "star" just parallels another book and has nothing to do with Satan, but instead is referencing evil kings. Moreover, the Isaiah scripture is not speaking of a morning star at all, but the kings acting like Satan are "shining ones" hence the Latin word Lucifer.
Summary this section:
Short answer: #1) Satan is the Morning Star is a myth. This is wrong and completely misunderstood. #2) The Bible does not refer to Satan in any scripture as the morning star, which some have done by taking the Holy Bible out of context, but instead the bright morning star is Jesus and seen at Re 22:16.
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Sign of the Devil
Is 666 the sign of the devil?
Supposedly 666 is the devil's number or sign of the devil, however this too is taken out of context. When you know what the Bible says, you'll realize 666 is another Satan myth, but instead is the mark of the wild beast.
Revelation 13:16-18 states, "... and its number is six hundred sixty-six", yet it also describes it as being "a man's number", meaning NOT something the Devil calls himself. This is not to be mistaken as only ONE man, because those same scriptures state "...and it puts under compulsion all persons, the small and the great, and the rich and the poor, and the free and the slaves that they should give these a mark in their right hand or upon their forehead." Notice the phrases give "these" a mark and "their" forehead implies more than one. These are the enemies of God. Those same scriptures state, "... let the one that has intelligence calculate the number of the wild beast." Those with intelligence and who are Biblically wise and not wise in a worldly way will know who has the mark of the beast. Now if you read this paragraph again, but this time with your Bible open to those scriptures it should make more sense.
Symbolic Meaning of Numbers
The Book of Revelation is full of the symbolic meaning of numbers, including the supposed number for Satan. Six hundred sixty-six or 666 is a symbolic number, and the book of Revelation is full of them. It is true that some numbers including those in Revelation are meant to be taken literally, but many of them are not. For example the number seven is repeatedly used with regards to seven angels and seven bowls (Re 16:1); seven seals opened (Re 6:1); and seven stars and seven lampstands (Re 1:20). The number 7 here is symbolic, just as the number 6 is meant to symbolize imperfection or not normal or monstrous. Therefore 666 or the number 6 to the third degree means failing miserably to measure up to seven. Additionally the number 6 is repeated 3 times to denote emphasis and indicates intensity.
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Titles of Satan
Will the real satan stand up please
With so many myths surrounding satan it's hard to sift through what is real, but below are the actual titles and descriptions of satan as evidenced by the Holy Bible in both the Old and New Testaments. Let's explore them.
Titles of Satan:
- "the Tempter"- (Mt 4:3)
- "the Birdcatcher" - (Ps 91:3)
- "a liar"; and "the father of the lie" - (Joh 8:44; Re 12:9)
- "the wicked one" (1Jo 5:19)
- "the one misleading the entire inhabited earth" (Re 12:9)
- "Serpent" (Ge 3:1 - 7) which came to signify "Deceiver"
- "the original serpent" (Re 12:9 and 20:2)
- "adversary" (1Pe 5:8, 9)
- "like a roaring lion seeking to devour" (1Pe 5:8, 9)
Additionally "Resister" can have two meanings: the 1st is individuals as resisters (without the definite article), and the 2nd is The chief resister, which is Satan (with the definite article). Also note that the Pharisees used the phrase "Beelzebub", the ruler of OR prince of the demons (seen in the gospels of Matthew and Mark).
Summary this section:
The original manuscripts that made up the Bible do not address Satan's name at all, and only gives titles and descriptions.
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Related reading on the subject is found at Hellfire myths, part 5 in the series.
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