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God and Goddesses
Gods of Tamil Nadu
Each and everyone do myths, and myths are not peculiar to Tamil way of life. Tamil Nadu has preserved an ethic of tradition on God and Goddesses.
Lot of currents flow collectively to enhance the Tamil Mythological way about Gods and Goddesses.
Straight into the mass of mythological gods and goddesses further into the alcoves of under the surface (Pathalam), location of the Snake Gods and Goddesses. Numerous temples, which can be spotted all along Tamil Nadu, are archived as the chief cores of Tamil mythology.
By which differs from specially designed Hindu Shrines to traditional vacant area shrines, admitted markers of different village Gods and Goddesses of Tamils. No region in Tamil Nadu is totally incapable of holiness, and no theology is not having account or conceivably a song.
The listed below paragraphs are to describe certain information about gathered scope of God and Goddesses of Tamil Nadu and connected myths.
It is not safe to explain mysteries on mythology using logic and reason. For instance, how can anyone figure out Lord Ganesha using a small mouse as his vehicle?
No one can assign a value to the 10 heads of Ravana and one thousand heads of the snake Adhiseshan. We know that, by no means, we are going to get any reasonable explanation on that secret but still there are many faultfinding of mythology lingers on.
Mythological purposes but, unfortunately with, our extremely limited knowledge, we cannot be aware of them. Non-violence is the greatest ethical conduct for an ordinary man.
But Gods appear on a strange level by and large. Their performances are not driven by hatred, lust or greed. They stand on in a rigorous mathematical and natural way.
Here, we have to think of law of Karma. They could change the mind of the demon, on the other hand, they like more kill them due to the demon's activities vouch for pain for his body on this earth.
Keep in mind, the crucifixion of Jesus Christ. He, who can give seven loaves of bread to thousands could have certainly changed the mind of all his foes. Still Jesus opt for to endure the pain on the cross.
Why? To act on the Law of Karma which needs pleasure and pain for the mortal remains. Of course, all the below Tamil Mythological stories are considerations, and as such we are all warranted using mythology for surely appreciate the generally accepted laws of the universe.
A Short - Bio
The Tamil culture is among the ancientest on the earth. Now the territory of Tamil Nadu is one of the parts of Republic of India
The prehistorical time of life, all along this palaeolithic settlement, had been inside the Tamil Nadu region estimated to close the age from about 500,000 BCE until 3000 BCE.
Different classical Tamil regimes of Chera, Chola, Pandya and Pallava governed over Tamil Kingdoms, which has an excellent lifestyle and lingo.
The Sangam literary works exhibits a firm accordance of the glorifying, social and financial conditions of the era.
Hindu Gods and Goddess
In This interesting book, animator Sanjay portrayed many renowned Hindu gods in color pictures with detailed outlines. Those who want to know about Gods of Hinduism can go through this book for detailed information.
In Many village temples of Tamil Nadu, the village gods Ayyanar, Karuppu Swamy and Muneeswaran are the Grama Devatas. Bhairava, Madurai veeran, Madasamy, Sangili karuppan, Veeran Irulan, Nodi, Kateri, Sadayan and many other gods are also worshipped as Grama Devathas in many other villages.
Sastha or Ayyanar has a leading place among the village gods of Tamil Nadu. Its origins are as old as its Dravidian inhabitants.
The accurate scenario of village life were assessed of all way of life and footprints of the Dravidian communities in their cultivation settlements.
The Tamil people were curious habitually about the Aryans life and fresh look. But, Aryans were actively trying to launch their religious ideas.
To accomplishing a secure place in some of their trans-migratory systematic approach was a driving force for the prayer. Which means that Shiva, Vishnu, as well as Brahma or Trimoorthy, seize the throne in fixed form.
The rationale behind the several god aspect of Hinduism explained in this book with many illustrations and stories of famous gods and goddesses.
Reputation of Tamil Mythology
The true status of Tamil Mythology consists in make know full well all the gods and goddesses with their endurance, natural law as well as logical theory.
The Tamils have attributed to any of the village deities a two fold character one a character of mercy and the other a cruel bloodthirsty character with a horrific form.
They have resorted to the practice of giving bloody sacrifices to any of these gods on the dark side of his personality.
In that extent, they have executed homage to the native demon and borrowed its spirit either from a wish to appease of as is more likely from their having imbibed a considerable share of fear and gloom of their predecessors or neighbors.
Plainly discoursing, Tamil Mythology must be specified form mythology as a worldly organization.
Village Gods and Goddesses
The Villagers of Tamil Nadu worship very extensively a set of divinities called Grama Devadhas or village gods. These with two exclusions, Ayyanar and Veerabadhra, are all women and take the name Amma or mother.
The principal of them are Mariamma, Ankalamma, Ellamma, Kaliamma etc. as well named mother. The modest temples associating to these idols are discovered almost here and there.
The guests, in the inner part of Tamil land, will usually have notified near such little temples an odd collection of artificial statues of horses elephants, demons constructed of burnt clay and then glaringly painted. These idols are contributions made by thankful worshipers who assume themselves to have been protected from the menace of death by the god.
The Tamil Shrines make certain realities yet more real. It externalizes an inside awareness in instant, noticeable images. Still the pretty much visible parts the landscape-trees, hills, rivers or tanks, stones and rocks become designated as foci of divinity.
They have linked with the deeper reaches of a specific unseen. Each single thing of that concept has become larger than itself, passes across its physical boundaries, specifies beyond which is just nevertheless understood, indeed sheltered in place, throughout here so far.
Saivaite and Vaishnavite Tradition
Later the Vedic religion change into a prevailing religion of the Tamil people, through the bhakthi movement. Saivaite and Vaishnavavaite movements were interjected to the Tamil people as Tamil religions.
This was made achievable by religious synchronism. Like Tamil God Murugan matched distinguished with Skanda and Karthikeya and associated to Siva as a son.
This can be a conventional prototype of the myths of innovation. The god's prevalence turn out to be recognized by violence. Many myths suggested the reverse procedure - they made known becoming has secluded.
Here, again we found out self-sacrifice. That is why Maduraiveeran - a typical Tamil Nadu's old heroic ideal-is observed in folk poetry as a smart, violent, strong warrior usually smashing the bounds of tradition.
In the end, he discharged in the presence of divinity by slicing of his own head near the feet of the goddess Meenakshi. In addition, the loyal widow transforms into a goddess by her hazardous self-sacrifice on the funeral pyre of her husband.
The screen accompanied to the scene world besides the unseen is holy. A line persistently crossed in each direction but rarely without give up.
In fact, these are merely the most prominent feature amongst the Tamil mythology, whether merged within the practices of many prominent Saivites or Vaishnavite shrines, and also many folk vehicles that these types of sacrifices are traditional and keenly rejoiced.
Tamil mythology about Gods and Goddesses, quotes passionate love of life, strength consisting of an attentive accommodation with the real world of limitation and death.
The sensitive side of Tamil Culture is very simple throughout the myths and belief. One of the highly celebrated Tamil Gods inside this area of the world is Murugan. He is already popular by most early Tamil Sources.
Murugan is cherished as an incredible red god in color and he is in comparison to the rising sun and also its setting. His redness also alludes the key force lives in the blood-the blood shed in sacrifice, or at the warfield.
Murugan is known as a good fighter. He had saved the world from the darkness of a typical monster Surapadma, who was an asura from the ancient city Veera Mahendrapuri.
Color of Murugan is also tells about his great strength, his emotions, the passion towards war; the sensual desire of his love life. Devayani and most exclusively Valli are his wives, his second wife Valli was born in a lowly considered Kuravar caste.
Inside this myth of Murugan's love with Valli, we consider from the early Tamil poetry, the god is an ultimate lover. Their premarital love affairs in the mount slopes inferred the unplanned, occasionally antinomian love of man and good.
Murugan Temple - Vid - Palani Murugan Temple
Ganesha or Vinayaga
Among the Popular Gods have relations with Lord Shiva, first place has allocated to elephant headed Pillayar (Ganapathy or Vinayaga). Worship of Pillayar in Tamil Nadu was in practice from 6th or 7th centenary BC.
In Tamil Nadu house of worship honored to Pillayar are not limited. The image of Pillayar cannot, by any of man like shapes, be termed as well-proportioned.
He has a small head, enormous belly and uncomfortable form. But yet we are captivated by his look and rejoice in scrutinize him more and more and venerate him.
The place of Pillayar is at the approach of villages and citadels, at the base of banyan trees, at the entry of the house of prayer and the south west edge of Saivite house of worship.
There are figures of Pillayar in the poses of standing as well as dancing. Some of the icons are with the trunk loop aside to the right and some others to the left. Pillayar is as well the wrecker of self-glorification, selfishness and vanity.
Pillayar Temple - Vid - Pillayarpatti Vinayagar Temple, near Karaikudi
Mariamman is a Tamil Dravidian goddess, and the supreme deity in temples at Samayapuram near Trichy, Thanjavur, as well as some other places in Tamil Nadu. Her power is more cruel and committed, and she may want to impose disease.
In larger villages, a slab of stone could be carved which has a tough frame of an adult female, who may have the four, six, or eight arms and also the arms hold different things for example, a knife, a shell, a drum, a gong, a monster's head, plus a three-pronged fork.
She is apprehended, and must be propitiated by animal sacrifice, to keep things right in the village. Sheep and chicken blood with rice is put in the four corners of her shrine.
The Temple Pujari walks on burning coal (Fire Walk) before her image. A blood sacrifice at her festival can soothe the goddess to withdraw her anger, and it can denote the defeat of a typical invading monster. Traditionally a buffalo or sheep were offered.
Mariamman - Vid - Samayapuram Mariyamman Temple near Trichy
The Mother Goddess
Kali is the atrocious and dangerous form of the mother deity. She believed the form of a predominant goddess and evolved into admired with the writing of the Devi Mahatmya.
The name Kali is from the Sanskrit term kala, denoting one or the other "black" or "time", depending on the circumstances.
Kali has been the wife of Lord Shiva. She is Goddess of protection, change, origination, and demolition.
She believed to revitalize longevity and take away obstructions in a human being's life path. Kali is a complicated Goddess with numerous demeanor portraying some different aspects.
She often depicted as black with a red outstretched tongue and manifold arms holding weaponry. Kali, the mother God, sanctify darned notable in Bengal as well as all over India, consist of Tamil Nadu.
Kali -Vid - Vekkaliamman Temple Woraiyur, Trichy
Madurai Veeran honored as a heroic figure from Tamil Nadu, and his name derived because of his association with the southern City of Madurai as a Protector of the City. Madurai Veeran regarded as a Kaval Deivam or guardian spirit. Very long time ago, there was an impregnable thief by name Sangili Karuppan who was terrorize the people of Madurai.
At that time, Madurai ruled by the king Thirumalai Nayakkar. Madurai veeran finally beaten Sangili Karuppan. After defeating Sangili Karuppan, Madurai Veeran assigned as one of many generals under Thirumalai Nayakkar.
Madurai Veeran began to love with one of the dancers of the royal court, " Vellaiyammal ";. Madurai Veeran married her despite contention that came from the king. The king could not allow someone coming from the Cobbler community, to get married with a girl from a high caste.
The king ordered the limbs of Madurai Veeran be severed. Veeran taken away to the gallows, and the alternate limps chopped off.
Veeran brought back alive, and it absolved by way of the presence of Gods. Veeran, thenceforth retires into a cave under the well known Meenakshi Temple. Later a temple constructed by Thirumalai Nayakar at the southern gate of Meenakshi Temple.
Madurai Veeran - Vid - Madurai Veeran Song
Tamil Nadu Temples
The Nadu state is known for its towering temples. These temples are famous for their outstanding legacy of the Tamil land. They are also gathering places of many outstanding art works that advanced over several centuries. A number of these temples have already been honored by means of the prehistoric Tamil hymns of the first millennium CE. Author of this book V. Narayanaswami well explained the greatness of Dravidian architecture and art and emphases on the relations on the consecrated urban space.
The terracotta horse will possibly be the most frequent and expansively used motif located at the village shrine in Tamil Nadu. The clay horses presented by the village donors is, in a sense of sacrifice.
They think the clay horse being a terrific reflection of a classic demon warrior's armored powers for comfort and safety of the village. Horses could have given to the goddess of the shrine or some time to male deities.
Most the shrines with horses are near the water tank at the outskirts of a village, which is certainly a powerful resource that requires watching as it is also a source of fertility. The horses may be mounted by the captains of Ayyanar, the commander of the demon hosts, a heavenly body, who appears to save the village from the evil demons.
Sometimes the goddess rides a horse but more often they are for the male deities or spirits attending her. Usually the offerings of horses by a villager is to gain some celestial luck.
1000 year old, Big temple is the most impressive of the stone architecture and is an appropriate representation of the majestic masterpieces of Emporer Raja Raja of Chola dynasty. Detailed about this architectural marvel is given in this book.
Ayyanar is also a village god of Tamil Nadu. He worshiped as a caretaker deity who guards the village villages. Ayyanar System is the foundation for constructing large family clan links and keeping family values in countrified areas.
Ayyanar temple is not a structure, but different figures giving importance to every comparable local god who will be collections of folks part of complex community groups. The Ayyanar temples usually lined by large and vibrant statues of him with his remarkable associates riding horses or elephants.
The adoration system connected with sacrificial offerings of pure vegetarian food. However, animals like chicken and goats offered to some of the selected 21 associate gods (Kaval deivangal) such as Karuppa samy, Muneeswaran, Masiperiyannan, Sonai, Sudalaimadan as well as some other goddesses located within temples of Ayyanar for favors.
Ayyanar usually depicted either being a soldier on foot or drive a white horse or elephant. There exists a variety of theories referring to the origins of the Ayyanar together with the etymology of the name.
Ayyanar Temple - Vid - Azhiyanilai near Aranthangi
Karuppu or Karuppu Samy also addressed as Sangili Karuppan is one God of Tamil people who admired as Kaval Deivam, among the many village community of Tamil Nadu, as well as, some area in Kerala.
He is among the list of 21 related Gods of Ayyanar. In his open space temple, one will see monumental statues of Gods and Goddesses with arms like swords and knives, bow and arrow, other defending arms with them.
Animals are usually indicative of Karuppu's favourite. A white horse, a hunting dog, or even a lion for his journey are prominent among them. The greatest famous temple for Karuppasamy is Rajakaruppanna Samy Koil which anybody can get at Azhaghar Koil, near Madurai.
This regarded as the most noteworthy among the list of Karuppu Samy temples in Tamil region. In this temple, there is no figure for Karuppu. One could find an Aruval at the top of a platform with 18 steps. That is why masses call him as Pathinettampadi Karuppu.
Karuppu Samy - Vid - Karuppusamy Temple at Vannaretty
The glory of serpent deities is available in many different old world cultures, especially in religion and mythology, where snakes viewed as entities of strength and renewal.
In Tamil Nadu, a Naga devathai or serpent god is the village genie that guards the treasures which considered a person of wealth, who dies without enjoying it.
Nagas may also be considered normal spirits, as well as the protectors of springs, wells and rivers.
They bring rain, and in consequence fertility, but they are also aim to create disasters similar to floods and drought. Naga is a snake that could take human form. They have a tendency to get terribly curious.
In accordance with traditions Nagas are simply hostile to humans in the event they seem to mistreated. They may be exposed to humanity's disrespectful actions in relation to mother nature.
Muneeswaran is among the distinguished gods in Tamil Nadu, and laud as a household deity for most Shaivite families. The cult of Muneeswararn also acclaimed in Singapore, Malaysia and Sri Lanka, with numerous temples consecrated to him.
Muneeswaran widely worshiped either as a bloodthirsty God or even a quiet God. One who want worship his fierce side offer him animal sacrifices, country made liquor, and cigars. The others who worship his peaceful side offer him Pongal (milk rice).
Most the Muneeswaran statues made by large terracotta images and painted colorfully. One can find a large trident placed in his temples and lemon placed on each prong of the trident.
The most famous and well regarded Muneeswaran temple is Pandi Muneeswaran temple near Madurai.
The devotees realize that praying to Muneeswaran may bring bliss and dependable health to them and also their family.
Muneeswaran - Vid - Muneeswaran, Pachaiyamman Temple, Thirukoilur
Long ago Nannanur(Anamalai) region ruled by Nannan. He had a large and heavy grove of mango gardens.
He ordinate the serving caretakers of the mango gardens for corrective measures against intruder. An innocent young lady was bathing in the Aliyar river.
She has falters with a mango fruit reaching her, floating on the water system. Not able to hold out temptation, she quickly picked it up and bit it. The poor woman has brought forth before the ruler.
She apologies that she never attempted any lawbreaking; whether it distinctly assessed an act of anonymity and implored with the king for being sat freed. The king did not forgive and prescribed her death penalty.
The body of the disabled women has laid to rest within the graveyard. An idol of hers made and ruralists and women began glorifying it every Thursday and Friday.
Presently a temple built for the women, celebrating her death. Goddess Masani Amman temple placed close to the foot hills of Anaimalai, 14 kms from Pollachi, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu.
A large number of followers gather here to offer their prayers and distinctive poojas also performed. Annual Kundam festival, commemorated with greats.
Devotees offer their prayers to Goddess Masani and walk on the fire pit which is about 50 feet in long. It accepted that whenever one walks across the fire pit with extreme devotion and faith the fire will not burn.
Masaniamman Temple - Vid - Kumbabishegam
And Madathy Amman
Sudalai Madan is amazingly popular throughout southern districts of Tamil Nadu. He has regarded as the son of Lord Shiva and Goddess Parvati. He has acknowledged as God of dispossessed.
Sudalai Madan is usually appearing in a hostile condition carrying weapons like Sickle Club Sword and Cleaver in each of his hands. As usual his Temples can be found at outskirts of Tamil villages.
Sudalai Madan is also favorite amongst certain section of different Tamil populace, in Malaysia, French territories at Caribbean Sea, Srilanka and Singapore, as well as Reunion. Madathy deemed as being the wife of Sudali Madan.
To ensure shrines or pillars representing Madathy Amman are common in Sudalai Madans temples.
Goddess Madathy can also be worshiped for worthy causes, just like for marriage and child birth etc. Madathy has taken into account as potent one than Sudalai Madan.
She has regarded as mother of all. Requests placed before Madathy making sure that she recommends her hubby to solve problems.
Sudali Madan - Vid - Sudalai Madan Swamy,Panayankulam,Tirunelveli.
The Village Foretellers
Tamil populace consistently had greater expectations from the previously mentioned Gods. At the same time, it is the understanding of the village communities that the Karuppu Samy God is being mysterious by using a man who predict the future.
One particular viewpoint, associated to village people of Tamil Nadu, is that these village idols have alter the appearance by utilizing the priest designated Marulali to foretell the near future. In some areas of Tamil Nadu, this opinion mode about Village gods designated as Arul Vaaku or Saamiyaadal.
This faith composition about Karuppu Samy is acknowledged the "Arul vaaku" in different areas of Tamil Nadu. The worldly complications will be expressed through the temple fore-tellers (Poosari or Kodangi).
The folks ordinarily take this into reflection as the voice of Karuppa Samy god. Lord Karuppa Samy is connecting with communities in many hamlets via Poosari of Kodangi.
The important matters or social issues, separate issues and dimensions upon the secular, institutional, in addition to psychological characters of, the village has debated through these temple fore tellers whom the residents usually acknowledge and select the viewpoints and guidance of him are from the divinity.
Distinct concerns and dimensions on social, ethnic and sensible points of people and the public are analyzed judged and decided for reasonable options.
God in Pictures - Photo GalleryClick thumbnail to view full-size
In the prehistoric age the Tamils were dairy farming, nature oriented civility with a nature based mythical divinities of the land. Yali (Leogryph) is an assumption in Tamil art form, and it has broadly employed in Tamil sculptural work.
Yali also pointed out as Vialam in Tamil literature. It is a mythical figure and can be viewed in numerous Tamil temples normally carved on the Temple pillars.
They are commonly possessing a beautiful lion's body and a head of some different beast most usually an elephant's head.
Some other forms of Yalis like a lion and snake headed human, and the horse and fox headed figures are available in the temple sculptors.
Photo Credit: Flickr under creative commons license