ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

What is Ismailism?

Updated on December 27, 2016

Ismailis are a sect of Shiite Muslims, who are in turn divided into a number of sub-sects. The name originates from a controversy in 765 A.D. about the legitimate successor to Jaafar al-Sadiq, who was sixth in the list of Shiite imams, or spiritual guides. A majority party accepted the claims of Jaafar's son Musa al-Qazini, but another preferred Jaafar's older son Ismail and upon Ismail's death accepted his son Muhammad as their imam. It is the latter group who are called Ismailis.

The history of the Ismailis is one of constant division and dissension among subgroups. After the death of Muhammad Ibn Ismail, one group came to believe that he was the seventh and last imam, who would return on the Judgment Day. This group is often called Sevener Shia. The Carmathians (Qarniatians), an offshoot of the Seveners, engaged in widespread subversive activity and were feared throughout the Muslim world. Another group accepted the continuation of the imamate through the sons and successors of Muhammad. Their imams were the predecessors of the Fatimid imams, who ruled a brilliant Ismaili state in Egypt from the 10th to the 12th century.

Other divisions during Fatimid times produced the sect known as the Druzes and also the division between Nizari and Mustaali Ismailis. Ismailis have virtually disappeared from their former strongholds in Egypt and North Africa. The imam of the Nizari Ismailis is the Aga Khan.

Religious Views

In their basic religious views, Ismailis resemble other Muslims. They believe in the unity of God, the prophethood of Mohammed, and the revelation given in the Koran. With other Shiites, they accept the doctrine of the imams as the locus of divine light and wisdom in the world, without whom there would be no guidance and the world could not exist.

The Ismailis believe that religion has esoteric (hidden) as well as exoteric (literal) aspects. While they adhere strictly to the prescriptions of the holy law of Islam (the Sharia), they believe that every external feature of religion has an inner and hidden truth (haqiqa) that can be known through the revelations of the imams. The Ismailis make extensive use of Neoplatonic concepts, especially of the emanation theory. They conceive the universe as having proceeded by emanation from God through a series of spiritual realities. The Ismailis also have their own collections of Hadith (reports of the sayings and acts of the Prophet) and their own fiqh (Islamic law), which are slightly different from those of the Sunnite Muslims.

Comments

    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    • trafford profile image

      trafford 

      7 years ago from San Diego

      its sounds, you have research so much and you just love to read all religions

    working

    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, hubpages.com uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at: https://hubpages.com/privacy-policy#gdpr

    Show Details
    Necessary
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the googleapis.com or gstatic.com domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Features
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Marketing
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Statistics
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)