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The Genesis Creation Story: Why Are There Two Different Creation Accounts and Was Lilith the First Woman to be Created?

Updated on June 16, 2018

In the first two chapters of Genesis, we're faced with two creation narratives. Is the first creation story linked to the second one or are they two separate events? If they are different, who is the woman who was created in the first chapter, and does it make her the first woman to be created before Eve who appears in the second chapter?


The First Creation Story: Genesis 1

In chapter 1, the writer narrates the creation of heavens and the earth and everything therein. In the first verse, it states: "In the beginning, God created the heavens and the earth." After creating the heavens and earth, God creates light to distinguish day from night.

It becomes the first day of God's creation. For the next five days, God creates a number of things including plants, animals, and human beings. On the seventh day, he rests.

Man and woman were created on the sixth day before God rested from his work.

Genesis chapter 1 does not offer any detailed information how man and woman were formed. The writer has narrated the things that were created during the six days.

The Second Creation Story: Genesis 2

The first verse of Genesis 2 is a continuation of Genesis 1. It states that God rested from his work on the seventh day. "So the creation of the heavens and the earth and everything in them was completed. On the seventh day God had finished his work of creation, so he rested from all his work." (Genesis 2:1-2)

The second chapter of Genesis is a summary of the creation. "Here is a summary of the events in the creation of the heavens and earth when the Lord God made them." (Genesis 2:4)

In this chapter, the writer concentrates on three areas: plants, the Garden of Eden and the creation of man and woman. Thus, he has summarized, in the second chapter, God’s creation in the above three areas.

The writer explains the reason the plants are not shooting up is because God has not sent rain and there is no man to farm the soil. If there is no man to till the land, there is no need of any rain.

The writer expounds how Adam and Eve were created as opposed to the first account which doesn't offer any clue how the first human beings were formed.


The Argument: One Man, Two Different Wives

In the second chapter of Genesis, we are introduced to Eve whom we’re familiar with. When God made Adam, he put him in the Garden of Eden. He made the Garden of Eden for Adam and Eve to dwell. Therein, "The Lord God planted all sorts of beautiful trees there in the garden, trees producing the choicest of fruit. At the center of the garden, he placed the Tree of Life, and also the Tree of Conscience, giving knowledge of Good and Bad."

"So the Lord God formed from the soil every kind of animal and bird, and brought them to the man to see what he would call them; and whatever he called them, that was their name."

God saw Adam needed a helper - a companion. Therefore, "the Lord God caused the man to fall into a deep sleep, and took one of his ribs and closed up the place from which he had removed it, and made the rib into a woman, and brought her to the man."

Adam was very excited and called the woman Eve because she was formed out of him.

In the first chapter, God created man and woman on the sixth day. Is Eve the same woman who was created in chapter one, or is the woman in chapter one different from Eve?

Lilith: The First Created Woman

Some Christians and non-Christians believe there are two different creation accounts. Thereby, they've filled the gap as to who is the first woman in Genesis 1. Her name is Lilith. She was created before Eve. After she escaped from the Garden of Eden, God saw Adam was becoming increasingly lonely. In order to make him forget about Lilith, he made the second woman.

In a nutshell: Lilith and Adam were made on the same day. However, Adam was domineering. This didn't go well with Lilith. She reiterated time and time again to Adam that both were equal because they're created on the same day. When it came into intimacy, Lilith would demand to be on him but Adam wouldn't accept. Finally, she left Adam because she couldn't keep up with his behavior.

Your Take: Lilith, The First Woman Created By God

Is Lilith the first woman who was created by God?

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The apocryphal book, purposed to be true account of the first woman created by God and the conflict that ensued between her and Adam, states all creatures lived in the garden including demons. However, the demons were not allowed to have any contact with other creatures.

Lilith, who had left Adam in the garden, went on to have sexual intercourse with a demon, Samael. She was cursed by God together with her offspring after she refused God's plea to return to the Garden of Eden.

It is believed Lilith kills children as a retaliation for God killing 100 of her children every day due to her refusal to return to the Garden of Eden.

God had sent three angels to search where Lilith is. They found her beside the Red Sea. They urged her to return but she refused to go stating she was created to kill children. The angels told her if she refuses to go back to the garden with them, they will be forced to drown her in the Red Sea. So as to prevent the angels from drowning her, Lilith promises the angels she won't kill any child who wears an amulet with her name emblemed on it.


The Facts

Fact #1

I disagree with the assertion of two different creation accounts. Here are my reasons:

In the first chapter, the writer is revealing to us what was created in each day from the 1st day to the 6th day. On the seventh day, God rested from his work.

The second chapter summarizes the first chapter. In this chapter, the writer concentrates on three areas, as mentioned before: the plants, the creation of Adam and Eve, and the Garden of Eden.

The writer wants us to know that the plants that were meant to be human food were not sprouting up because man was not created. The plants wouldn't be of any importance if they grew with no one to cater for them, and no human being to feed on them as part of his meal. When the man was made, he was told to farm the soil thus ushering in the rainy season.

In the first chapter, there is no description of how man and woman were made. The second chapter provides that information. Adam and Eve were created from dust. Adam was formed first before Eve, then the Garden of Eden was created and Adam was placed in the garden.

Demonology: Who is Lilith?

The writer wants us to know that the plants that were meant to be human food were not sprouting up because man was not created. The plants wouldn't be of any importance if they grew with no one to cater for them. When the man was made, he was told to farm the soil thus ushering in the rainy season.

In the first chapter, there is no description of how man and woman were made. The second chapter provides that information. Adam and Eve were created from dust. Adam was formed first before Eve, then the Garden of Eden was created and Adam was placed in the garden.

God gave him instructions on how to behave in the garden and asked him to name animals. After he named them, God felt Adam needed a helper. Therefore, he formed Eve from one of Adam's ribs. The creation of Adam and Eve happened on the sixth day as narrated on the first chapter. Thus, it makes sense the Garden of Eden was made on the same day.

Some might claim Eve was made several days or months later. This is not the case as there is no proof other than both of them were created on the same day. Furthermore, the second chapter doesn't offer a different creation event. It brings to our attention the state of the world after God finished his masterful work in chapter 1.

Fact #2

Demons are spiritual beings. They don't have physical bodies like humans and angels. Angels are spiritual beings who have a physical body. This is evident of the two angels who visited Lot and Paul’s assertion that we should never cease to welcome visitors for in doing so some have entertained angels. (Genesis 19)

A human being cannot engage in sex with a spiritual being that doesn't have a body. The only possible route a man can engage in sex with a demon is during sleep or when he strips a lady naked in his mind. Demons are referred to as wandering spirits because they're always in search of a body. One such incident is when Jesus cast a legion of demons from a man who was possessed by them. The demons urged Jesus to send them to possess the swine that were nearby. If you've ever witnessed a person possessed by demons, you'll have noticed the person gains extra strength which requires a number of people to bring him under control. This explains why demon-possessed people are always chained due to the extra strength they've gained. Once the demons are cast out of their bodies, they return to their normal selves.

Fact #3

The Bible isn't a speculative book. It is not a mythological or demonological book. We should differentiate between mythology and Biblical facts. The Genesis creation account is not written from Jewish mythology viewpoint. The Jewish people, not all of them, came up (as is the case today) with an alternative answer to the first creation account.

There is no indication in the book that demons too were allowed to stay in the Garden of Eden which was not polluted by evil. The scripture is clear about it: "So the Lord God formed from the soil every kind of animal and bird, and brought them to the man to see what he would call them." I don't think God brought before Adam the demons so he could name them as was the case with animals a d birds. Animals and birds doesn't translate to demons.

Of course, the serpent deceived Eve. However, he entered into the body of the serpent as a tactic to deceive Eve into eating the forbidden fruit. God allowed it to see whether man was capable of obeying him at all times. Adam failed.

Lilith: Adam's First Wife


The story of Lilith has been retold in different conflicting scenarios. When Lilith ran away from Adam because she could not give in to Adam's demands, she flew and went to a location infested by demons besides the Red Sea. She was said to give birth to more than 100 children a day. Is it possible? Nah! She is a human which isn't possible even in terms of miracle or magic. In one year it translates to an estimate of 3,650 children annually.

Many feminists are of the opinion Lilith existed. The Genesis creation is one viewpoint of Lilith. Others exist which are different from Genesis account. However, what feminists including Jewish feminists forget is God never said women are servants to their husbands. God said that Adam needed a helper, a companion. Both were to aid each other, not one of them commanding the steering wheel at all times. The Bible contains narrations of women who were used by God e.g. prophetess Deborah who was used as a judge to govern Israel.

When you read the Lilith story with an investigative eye, even if you're not a Christian, you will notice it lacks consistency and contains many weaknesses. In the book, God is shown as not perfect because he let Adam engage in sex with every female animal to find an appropriate mate. It further states God created several women to whom Adam refused to be in relationship with because he found them disgusting. How could God who saw everything that he had created was excellent, and was able to make a perfect man lacking nothing, be defeated in forming a woman who would be pleasing to Adam? This God has problems and displays weaknesses.

Mythologies exist to try to explain events. They may contain shreds of truth, but they're not entirely accurate. This is contrary to the Bible which is scientifically proven in some areas and observable in other areas.

If the story is true, wherein is it supported in the New Testament because God’s word never contradicts itself? And, how sure are they the first man created in Genesis is the same Adam in the second chapter? He might have been a different Adam, by another name.


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    • Ben716 profile imageAUTHOR

      Benny Njuguna 

      16 months ago from Kenya

      Thank you Venkatachari for your feedback.

    • Venkatachari M profile image

      Venkatachari M 

      16 months ago from Hyderabad, India

      A very interesting hub. I knew about Adam and Eve only. Never heard of Lilith. Learned something new now. Thanks for sharing this story along with your review.


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