List of the Beatitudes - Bible Study on the Beatitudes
Explanation of the Beatitudes! - Understanding the Sermon on the Mount
This Bible Study focuses on the eight beatitudes. This study is filled with links, resources for further study, children's helps, videos, and much more.
Webster defines the beatitudes as:
BEATITUDE, n. [L. beatitudo, from beatus, beo. See Beatify.]
1. Blessedness; felicity of the highest kind; consummate bliss; used of the joys of heaven.
2. The declaration of blessedness made by our Savior to particular virtues.
Christ listed eight of these spiritual works in Matthew 5::1-11. This has become known as part of the Sermon on the Mount.
And seeing the multitudes, he went up into a mountain: and when he was set, his disciples came unto him:
And he opened his mouth, and taught them, saying,
Blessed are the poor in spirit: for theirs is the kingdom of heaven.
Blessed are they that mourn: for they shall be comforted.
Blessed are the meek: for they shall inherit the earth.
Blessed are they which do hunger and thirst after righteousness: for they shall be filled.
Blessed are the merciful: for they shall obtain mercy.
Blessed are the pure in heart: for they shall see God.
Blessed are the peacemakers: for they shall be called the children of God.
(Mat 5:10) "Blessed are those who are persecuted for righteousness' sake, for theirs is the kingdom of heaven.
(Mat 5:11) "Blessed are you when others revile you and persecute you and utter all kinds of evil against you falsely on my account.
For clarity of meaning I also quote from the New International Reader's Version
Matthew 5:1-9: Jesus Gives Blessings
Jesus saw the crowds. So he went up on a mountainside and sat down. His disciples came to him. (2) Then he began to teach them. He said, (3) "Blessed are those who are spiritually needy. The kingdom of heaven belongs to them. (4) Blessed are those who are sad. They will be comforted. (5) Blessed are those who are free of pride. They will be given the earth. (6) Blessed are those who are hungry and thirsty for what is right. They will be filled. (7) Blessed are those who show mercy. They will be shown mercy. (8) Blessed are those whose hearts are pure. They will see God. (9) Blessed are those who make peace. They will be called sons of God.
(Picture Credit: James Joseph Jacques Tissot[see page for license], via Wikimedia Commons)
List of the Beatitudes - Sample Commentary - Explanation of the Sermon on the Mount
Sample Notes From:
John Wesley's Explanatory Notes on the Whole Bible
5:2 And he opened his mouth - A phrase which always denotes a set and solemn discourse; and taught them - To bless men; to make men happy, was the great business for which our Lord came into the world. And accordingly he here pronounces eight blessings together, annexing them to so many steps in Christianity. Knowing that happiness is our common aim, and that an innate instinct continually urges us to the pursuit of it, he in the kindest manner applies to that instinct, and directs it to its proper object. Though all men desire, yet few attain, happiness, because they seek it where it is not to be found. Our Lord therefore begins his Divine institution, which is the complete art of happiness, by laying down before all that have ears to hear, the true and only true method of acquiring it. Observe the benevolent condescension of our Lord. He seems, as it were, to lay aside his supreme authority as our legislator, that he may the better act the part of: our friend and Saviour. Instead of using the lofty style, in positive commands, he, in a more gentle and engaging way, insinuates his will and our duty, by pronouncing those happy who comply with it.
5:3 Happy are the poor - In the following discourse there is,
1. A sweet invitation to true holiness and happiness, ver. 3 - 12. 5:3- 12.
2. A persuasive to impart it to others, ver. 13 - 16. 5:13- 16.
3. A description of true Christian holiness, ver. 17; chap.vii,12, 5:17; 7:12. (in which it is easy to observe, the latter part exactly answers the former.)
4. The conclusion: giving a sure mark of the true way, warning against false prophets, exhorting to follow after holiness.
The poor in spirit - They who are unfeignedly penitent, they who are truly convinced of sin; who see and feel the state they are in by nature, being deeply sensible of their sinfulness, guiltiness, helplessness. For theirs is the kingdom of heaven - The present inward kingdom: righteousness, and peace, and joy in the Holy Ghost, as well as the eternal kingdom, if they endure to the end. 6:20.
5:4 They that mourn - Either for their own sins, or for other men's, and are steadily and habitually serious. They shall be comforted - More solidly and deeply even in this world, and eternally in heaven.
5:5 Happy are the meek - They that hold all their passions and affections evenly balanced. They shall inherit the earth - They shall have all things really necessary for life and godliness. They shall enjoy whatever portion God hath given them here, and shall hereafter possess the new earth, wherein dwelleth righteousness.
5:6 They that hunger and thirst after righteousness - After the holiness here described. They shall be satisfied with it.
5:7 The merciful - The tender - hearted: they who love all men as themselves: They shall obtain mercy - Whatever mercy therefore we desire from God, the same let us show to our brethren. He will repay us a thousand fold, the love we bear to any for his sake.
5:8 The pure in heart - The sanctified: they who love God with all their hearts. They shall see God - In all things here; hereafter in glory.
5:9 The peace makers - They that out of love to God and man do all possible good to all men. Peace in the Scripture sense implies all blessings temporal and eternal. They shall be called the children of God - Shall be acknowledged such by God and man. One would imagine a person of this amiable temper and behaviour would be the darling of mankind. But our Lord well knew it would not be so, as long as Satan was the prince of this world. He therefore warns them before of the treatment all were to expect, who were determined thus to tread in his steps, by immediately subjoining, Happy are they who are persecuted for righteousness' sake. Through this whole discourse we cannot but observe the most exact method which can possibly be conceived. Every paragraph, every sentence, is closely connected both with that which precedes, and that which follows it. And is not this the pattern for every Christian preacher? If any then are able to follow it without any premeditation, well: if not, let them not dare to preach without it. No rhapsody, no incoherency, whether the things spoken be true or false, comes of the Spirit of Christ.
5:10 For righteousness' sake - That is, because they have, or follow after, the righteousness here described. He that is truly a righteous man, he that mourns, and he that is pure in heart, yea, all that will live godly in Christ Jesus, shall suffer persecution, 3:12. The world will always say, Away with such fellowsfrom the earth. They are made to reprove our thoughts. They are grievous to us even to behold. Their lives are not like other men's; their ways are of another fashion.
5:11 Revile - When present: say all evil - When you are absent.
5:12 Your reward - Even over and above the happiness that naturally and directly results from holiness.
Other Free Resources For the explanation of the meaning of the Beatitudes
Robertson's Word Pictures of the New Testament
The Adam Clarke Commentary
Matthew Henry’s Commentary on the Whole Bible
Great Stuff on Amazon - The Beatitudes
The Beatitudes - Matthew chapter 5 - Links and Resources
- list of the beatitudes
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Happy Are They: Living the Beatitudes in America from Christian Century in Reference provided free by Find Articles.
- spiritual works of mercy
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PeaceMakers How many of these peacemakers could you identify? Need a hint? ... link under the photo of every peacemaker to read his or her biography. ...
- What are some of the important lessons Christians can learn from the Beatitudes?
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Where to find List of the Beatitudes Resource Material
Amazon Voting (Plexo) - Beatitude books
Enjoy the expanded and updated editions of the best-selling "Lord" Bible Study Series from Kay Arthur. The "Lord" study series is an insightful, warm-hearted Bible study series designed to meet readers where they are--and help them discover God's answers to their deepest needs.Can God Really Change You from the Inside Out? Yes! Who are you...on the inside? Are you growing into the image of Christ? Or are you far from being all you want to be in the Lord? If you've ever wondered how you can truly change, now there's hope. Jesus invites you to stop trying to develop godliness through your own efforts and to start relying on the indwelling Holy Spirit. That's the way to a deep, rich, honest relationship with your heavenly Father. That's the way to become godly to the core. In Lord, Only You Can Change Me, Kay Arthur guides you through the Beatitudesso you can begin living a truly transformed life. Her in-depth study of the Sermon on the Mount will minister to you in intimate ways. And these are truths you can share easily with others, individually or in small groups.
The beatitudes: eight qualities that God values. They call us to be meek and merciful, poor in spirit and pure in heart, mourning and hungry, peacemakers and persecuted. These are the character traits that Jesus highlighted to describe what he looks for in all Christians. As we study them and integrate them in our lives, we will also receive the blessing that Jesus promised.
"There is a difference between happiness and blessedness. Understanding the Greek word makarios is essential to understanding the important passage of Matthew 5:1-11 and Luke 6:20-26. With the Sermon on the Mount following, Jesus draws important conclusions to the walk of the Christian with the fact of true happiness all of us desire.."
Beatitudes For Today Poll
Are the beatitudes relevant today?
The Beatitudes and Works of Mercy Resource Links.
- CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Corporal and Spiritual Works of Mercy
Mercy as it is here contemplated is said to be a virtue influencing one's will to have compassion for, and, if possible, to alleviate another's misfortune
- Corporal and Spiritual Works of Mercy - Loyola Press
The Corporal and Spiritual Works of Mercy are actions Catholics perform to extend God's compassion and mercy. Learn more about the Works of Mercy.
- Before the Cross | Seven spiritual works of mercy - practical ways to help others | Archdiocese of S
For the next several weeks, I'll be writing about the spiritual works of mercy. Mercy is a virtue that compels us to alleviate the suffering of another ...
- John Wesley and Mission--Works of Mercy
Most simply defined, works of mercy are doing good. John Wesley believed that means of grace include both works of piety and works of mercy.
- How Great Thou Art
Messages from this great song.
Bible Studies on the Beatitudes Amazon Search
Jesus in the Gospels - Web resources
It is impossible to separate a study of the beatitudes from Jesus life and ministry in the Gospels. Check out some of these resources.
- Cokesbury - Jesus in the Gospels
JESUS IN THE GOSPELS invites believers to look at Jesus in each of the four Gospels and ask the question, "Who is the Jesus that you see?" This study will deepen discipleship through better understanding of the biblical texts and their message.
- Searching for Jesus in the Gospels : The New Yorker
Online version of the weekly magazine, with current articles, cartoons, blogs, audio, video, slide shows, an archive of articles and abstracts back to 1925 What Did Jesus Do? Reading and unreading the Gospels. by Adam Gopnik May 24, 2010
- Jesus' Teachings, as Told in the Gospels
A summary of Jesus' teachings during His three years of earthly ministry. Topics include The Gospels, Who is Jesus?, God's Love for Mankind, The Kingdom of God, Love the Lord Your God, and Love Your Neighbor as Yourself. Includes many quotes from the
- Jesus Ministry in the gospels
Jesus ministry in the gospels gives us insight of how the gospels fit together with the old testament
Related Links - beatitudes for kids
- Activity to Help Children Memorize the Beatitudes - Kids Korner - BibleWise
Activity designed to help children memorize the Beatitudes, those that are Happy Â activity for older children based on Matthew 5:4-12.
- The Beatitudes - Religious Education Program
Helpful LINKS for Parents, Teachers, and Kids ... Following the Beatitudes means making the choice to put God before everything else. What do the Beatitudes ...
- The Beatitudes
Educational resources and online activities for Bible lessons on the Beatitudes and the Sermon on the Mountain
Spotlight for serios study of Jesus in the Gospels. RECOMMENDATION!
This is not a study of the historical Jesus. This is a study of the gospels of Matthew, Mark, Luke and John which highlights the way these gospels understand the person and mission of Jesus. It involves reading large portions of the scriptures to understand the perspective from and the context in which the gospel writers see Jesus.
This study has an amazing payoff for groups that understand the value of commitment and diligence in the study of the scriptures.
Recommended for the serious Bible study!
This is a Bible study that requires a high level of commitment. It features daily readings, from different books of the Bible.