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Maharshi Ramana

Updated on November 5, 2014

The Saint of Arunachala

Maharshi Ramana, the godly character of Arunachala, who existed in and expired as a single human being on the Arunachala mountain near Thiruvannamalai of Tamil Nadu left cause the roots of his sagaciousness.

People visually observed in a true godly character without the minutest trace of worldliness, a saint of real immaculate, an observer to the determined reality of Vedanta.

It would be amused to call him unparalleled Silent Saint, for rendering conveys duality, the teacher and enlightened while Ramana was as a follower indited, "Unequaled Pure Non-dual Essence".

Maharsi Ramana favored to communicate through the vigor of telling 'Silence', a silence so hard and powerful that it stopped the minds of faithful seekers who enthralled to him from all over the broad world.

Sri Ramana retained that the pure form of his guidance was the supreme silence which separated from his community and pacified the minds of the certain accustomed to it.

Maharsi Ramana offered oral teachings only for the good will of those who could not be understand of his silence.

Bhagavan Ramana didn't have a human guru (other than himself). He repeatedly said that his guru was Arunachala, a holy mountain in Tamil Nadu.

Arunachala - The Holy Hill @ Thiruvannamalai
Arunachala - The Holy Hill @ Thiruvannamalai

Photo Credit: Flickr

Arunachala ! Thou dost root out the ego of those who meditate on thee in the Heart. Oh Arunachala !

~ Bhagwan Ramana

Aruna, which means 'like bright fire', it does not indicate the ordinary fire that gives off heat. Somewhat, it is the fire of Sagaciousness, which is neither hot nor cold. Achala denotes hill. Therefore, Arunachala means the 'Hill of Sagaciousness. When young Ramana attained Self-realization, natural act of Self-enquiry while yet a lad of sixteen, he left home and set out as a yohi for Arunachala. He remained there for whole of his life time. Because of his compositions, his verbal expressions and his life the significance of Arunachala as a spiritual center has once again risen to reputation.


As long as we are the performers of actions we have to undergo their consequences but when, as a result of enquiring who the performer is, one knows one-self, the sense of being the performer is lost and one is set free from the karma. The resulting state of Liberation is eternal. Until realization there will be Karma, i.e., action and reaction; after realization there will be no Karma, no world.

~ Bhagwan Ramana.

Early Life of Maharshi

Ramana Maharshi
Ramana Maharshi

Photo Credit: Photobucket

Only very rare occurrences throughout the history of mankind, Great Saints have emerged to demonstrate the Highest Truth, directing followers by their conduct in every moment of their lives; Maharshi Ramana was such a great saint. Matchless in our time, He completely embodied the definitive truth of Self-realisation, or total absorption in the Supreme Itself.

Ramana was born in a village called Tiruchuzhi just 30km south to Madurai in Tamil Nadu on the 30th of December, 1879 into an orthodox Hindu Tamil family, the second of four children of Sundaram Iyer and Azhagammal, and named Venkataraman at birth.

There was nothing markedly characteristic about Venkataraman's early years. He grew up just as a normal boy with no ostensible signs of future greatness.

In early days he was proficiently adept at sports, very clever but slothful at study, and showed little religious interest. Venkataraman's father Sundaram Iyer unexpectedly died in 1892. For some hours after his father's death he mentally conceived the matter of death, and how his father's body was still there, but the 'I' was gone from it

One day he was peregrinating to school, he visually perceived an elderly relative and enquired where the relative had emanate from. Arunachala was the answer. The word 'Arunachala' was well-known to Venkataraman from his younger days, but he did not know where Arunachala was.

Yet that day that word meant to him something celebrated, an unreachable, dependable, absolutely heavenly entity. His relative explicated that Tiruvannamalai is Arunachala. He determined to leave his home and go to Arunachala.

Knowing his family would not allow him to leave, he slipped away. After arriving Tiruvannamalai he went straight to the temple of Arunachaleswara. He entered the sanctum sanctorum and talk to Lord Arunachaleswara, saying: "I have come to Thee at Thy behest. Thy will be done." He embraced the linga in excitement. Raman was safely home.


All suffering is due to the notion I-am-the-body.

The understanding of oneself is the ending of suffering.

~ Bhagwan Ramana

Young Ramana Maharshi
Young Ramana Maharshi

Maharshi Ramana's Teachings from Amazon

Be As You Are: The Teachings of Sri Ramana Maharshi (Compass)
Be As You Are: The Teachings of Sri Ramana Maharshi (Compass)

This book is a collection of discourses between Maharshi and the many followers who came for direction comprises the core of his instructions. The plain guidance to each part provides additional knowledge from this nobler sage's advice.


Young Ramana

Young Ramana now commenced his life of total inner absorption in the great Universal Self. The first few days he spent in the thousand-pillared hall, but peregrinate to other spots in the temple complex and finally to the Pathala-lingam (under ground Lingam) vault so that he might remain undisturbed.

For days, and weeks on end he was disoriented in samadhi, unaware of the world and his body. Insects and vermin crawled over his body and chewed his flesh but he was thoroughly unaware of it. His only consciousness was swimming in the vast ocean of Universal Awareness. His body commenced to lose weight and debilitate but he took no notice of it.

A Sadhu, dwelling at the temple descried the fine young lad, lost to the world in samadhi and adopted him into his care. Some other devotees came rarely to the temple and coerced Ramana to eat food from their hands. The young Maharshi was hardly cognizant of their presence or what he was eating, and never spoke or appeared to take any notice of what was going on.

Visually perceiving the appalling condition of his body, lastly a group of devotees picked him up bodily and carried him out of the damp, dark temple recesses and to the nearby shrine to Subramaniam. Here he perpetuated to sit motionless in samadhi, dead to his circumventions. In one of these states, he moved into the temple gardens and sat among the tall bushes, lost in samadhi. He would rarely come to partial consciousness and question where he was and how he had gotten there.

The Silent Sage

Arunachaleswara Temple @ Thiruvannamalai
Arunachaleswara Temple @ Thiruvannamalai

If by ourselves one means ones body, then there is a creator; but if you mean the pure Self, then there is nothing but it.

~ Bhagwan Ramana

Gradually, in spite of Sri Ramana's silence, austerities, and desire for privacy, he attracted attention from visitors, and some of them became his adherents. It was in 1911, Frank Humphreys, the first westerner, then a policeman stationed in India, revealed Sri Ramana and indited articles about him which were first published in The International Psychic Gazette in 1913.

But, Sri Ramana only became moderately prominent in and out of India after 1934 when Paul Brunton, having first visited Sri Ramana in January 1931, published the book A Search in Secret India, which became very popular.

Resulting visitors included Paramahansa Yogananda, Somerset Maugham (whose 1944 novel The Razor's Edge models its spiritual guru after Sri Ramana), Mercedes de Acosta, Julian P. Johnson, and Arthur Osborne.

Sri Ramana's relative fame spread throughout the 1940s. However, even as his fame multiply, Sri Ramana was noted for his belief in the power of silence and his relatively meager utilization of speech, as well as his apathy for fame or criticism. His lifestyle remained that of a renunciation.


The Self manifested as this world, in order that you might seek it.

Your eyes cannot see themselves. Place a mirror before them and they see themselves - similarly with the creation.

The object of creation is to remove the confusion of your individuality.

~ Bhagwan Ramana

Arunachala Shiva - Teachings of Ramana Maharashi
Arunachala Shiva - Teachings of Ramana Maharashi

Thought provoking explanations on Ramana Maharshi's most essential teachings. The DVD comprises belongings of Ramana Maharshi, coverage of beautiful Arunachala and the Ramana Ashram at Thiruvannamalai, Tamil Nadu.


Ramana's Teachings

Bhagavan Ramana taught a technique called self-inquiry in which the learner focuses constant attention on the "I"-thought in order to find its source. Initially this requires effort, but sooner or later something deeper than the ego takes over and the mind disappear in the heart center.

Ramana Maharshi is beloved by Buddhists, Christians, Hindus and Taoists alike for the inspirational power of his teachings, which transcend all religious differences.

When asked by devotees as to how he was transformed, Sri Ramana Maharshi said:

"It was so unexpected. One day I sat up alone on the first floor of my uncle's house. Even though I was in my usual good health, a sudden and unique fear of death seized me.

I felt I was going to die and at once set about thoughts as to what I should do. I did not care to discuss with anyone, be he a doctor, elder or friend. I felt I had to unravel the problem myself then and there.

The shock of the fear of death made me at once thoughtful or 'introverted'. I said to myself, 'Now that death is come, what does it is indicate? Who is it that is dying?

This body dies'. I at once sensationalized the situation. I extended my limbs and held them stiff as though rigor mortis had set in. I replicated a corpse to lend an air of reality to my further search.

I detained my breath and kept my mouth closed, pressing the lips tightly together, so that no sound could get away. 'Well then' I said to me, 'this body is dead. It will be carried to the crematory and there burnt and reduced to ashes.

But with the death of my body, am I dead? Is the body I? This body is silent and motionless. But I am still aware of the full force of my personality and even of the sound of "I" within myself as apart from the body.

The material body dies, but the Spirit rise above it cannot be touched by death. I am for that reason the deathless Spirit'.

All this was not a feat of brain gymnastics, but came as a flash before me vibrantly as living Truth, which I perceived right away, without any argument almost. I was something very real, the only real thing in that state, and all the conscious activity that was connected with my body was centered on that.

The "I" or myself was holding the focus of attention with a powerful attraction. Fear of death vanished at once and for ever. The absorption in the Self has continued from that moment right up to now".


Owing to I-am-the-body notion, death is feared as being the loss of oneself. Birth and death pertain to the body only but they are superimposed on the Self.

Forgetfulness of your real nature is the present death; remembrance of it is the rebirth. It puts an end to successive births. Yours is the eternal life.

It is the loss of the awareness, the consciousness is feared not the loss of the diseased body.

~ Bhagwan Ramana

Ramana's Divine Message

Ramana had been a living genotype of the guidance of the Upanishads. His life was at once the assertion and the philosophy of his adages. He discussed to the hearts of men.

The celebrated Maharshi discovered Himself within himself and then bestowed out to the world the glorified but simple message of his baronial life, "Know Thyself".

All else will be comprehended to thee of its own accord. contrast between the ceaseless, consistent, all-pervading, endless Atma as well as the changeable, phenomenal and perishable cosmos and body.

Contemplate, 'Who am I?' develop the mind calm. "Disentangled yourself from complete thoughts other than the bare concept of the Self or Atma. Flow down bottom into the chambers of your heart. Find out the genuine, endless 'I'.

Calm there coolly for ever and fit indistinguishable with the absolute Self." This is the common blueprint of the philosophy and codes of Maharshi Ramana. Sri Ramana discusses, "

The world is so anguished due to it is clumsy of the true Self. Man's real nature is bonniness. buoyancy is inborn in the true Self. Man's search for happiness is an aloof aim for his true Self.

The true Self is imperishable; because, when a man detects it, he discovers a agreeableness which does not come to an complete. In the core crater of the heart, the One Supreme Being is ever beaming with the Self-conscious breath I...I...

To realise Him, access into the heart with an one-pointed mind-by aim within or diving deep or control of breath-and experience with the Self of self".

He has demonstrated by his everlasting Samadhi that it is still conceivable to assume the Supreme and live in that realization. cherished aspirant! Take heart. aim up your loins. employ yourself profoundly to Yoga Sadhana.

You will in due time accomplish "Videha Kaivalya" as well as shine for ever as an illumined saint.

Who am I?

The best means of realisation is the enquiry Who am I?

The present trouble is to the mind and it must be removed by the mind only.

~ Bhagwan Ramana

Abide as the Self: The Essential Teachings of Ramana Maharshi [VHS]
Abide as the Self: The Essential Teachings of Ramana Maharshi [VHS]

In this is  inspiring 62 minutes video Sri Ramana Maharshi  speaks directly to your heart.


The Sage of Arunachala -Vid


At Thiruvannamalai, Ramana lived in a cave on the sacred mountain, Arunachala. After some years, due to the incrementing visitors population, the cave became too diminutively minuscule.

Maharshi and his adherents peregrinate to Skandasramam, a little higher up the mountainside cave. His mother gave up the world and came to join him there and she commenced to cook for the little group.

The Mother died in 1922 and she was buried at its foot at the southern-most point of Arunachala. It was less than half an hour's walk from Skandasramam to this place and the Maharshi would go there daily.

Then, one day, he stayed there. It was the place where the Ramanasramam sprang up. Ramanashram did not spring up straight away. In the early days there was only a shed with bamboo uprights and a roof of palm leaves.

The Maharshi himself perpetuated the same detached attitude, and he sustained to live in utmost simplicity and ashram organization was not his solicitousness. He asked nobody to come and told no one to go; if any one wanted to come they could, if any one wanted to subside there they could, but each had to make his own preparations.

His work was absolutely spiritual: silently channeling the ever-growing family of devotees that assembled around him and radiating his Grace upon them. As the Maharshi became more popular, offerings flowed in and a whole complex of buildings arose.

It was his younger brother, Sri Niranjanananda, who managed the construction of buildings and the magnification of the Ashram. It was never a residential Ashram in the conventional sense; on the other hand, a large dormitory was put up where devotees could spread their bedding on the floor.

But, all this proved insufficient, and was of no help to women, who were not authorized to stay overnight in the Ashram. A number of folowers built their own houses near the ashram, and thus a housing estate grew up.

Sadhus made a settlement near the Ashram and lived in caves and huts. A Maharaja offered a guesthouse. It is how the ashram spread out its branches.

Ramanashram -vid

The Eternal Guru

There is no spiritual bellwether for the ashram, no heredity successor to Maharshi in human form. The Manifestation of the Ramana is so intensely powerful and all-pervasive that it is clear to all his adherents that Maharshi is the eternal Guru and presiding deity here. The spiritual instructions that he has left behind are absolute in every way and spiritual help comes directly from him; all that is needed is practice.

Your Feedback About This Silent Saint.

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    • profile image


      5 years ago

      Beautifully written lens. Very informative. Maharshi Ramana was indeed a great Soul.

    • Felicitas profile image


      5 years ago

      I am overwhelmed by the vast amount of spiritual awareness you've portrayed here. This is something I will have to hold onto as I go to sleep tonight, and probably many nights to come. I have no doubt that I will learn a lot more from you.

    • TransplantedSoul profile image


      5 years ago

      I was reading a few of your Tamil nadu lenses while researching for my lenses about spices. This was a really interesting read.

    • profile image


      5 years ago

      I once heard that God is looking for a soul so silent that it can hear from Him, it sounds like Maharshi Ramana held that secret of silence, I even felt a calmness come over me as I looked at your intro picture of him.

    • ocoyorg profile image


      6 years ago

      We had the good fortune to visit Ramanashram in Tiruvanammalai, and to stay in the area for two weeks. We met sadhus who had known disciples of Ramana Maharshi, and heard some remarkable stories. Thanks for this post.

    • ocoyorg profile image


      6 years ago

      You have done a lot of work putting this lens together, and your work has paid off, in that you have included much useful information in a lot of formats that people can benefit from. I visited Tiru in 2003, and found Ramanashram, Arunachala, the Arunachaleshwar temple, and the whole environs inspiring.

    • DragonfireWal profile image

      Wal Heinrich 

      6 years ago from Adelaide, South Australia

      I first felt a connection with Ramana when I read Paul Brunton's A Search in Secret India many years ago, even though his body had passed before I was born. I have felt it many times since, again while reading this lens, thank you.

    • WriterJanis2 profile image


      6 years ago

      Thank you for the education here.

    • profile image


      6 years ago

      Nice to know about Maharshi Ramana. I have read it twice and will definitely share the good Karma.

    • darciefrench lm profile image

      darciefrench lm 

      7 years ago

      Me again, am going to feature this lens on Karma's Story, many thanks.

    • darciefrench lm profile image

      darciefrench lm 

      7 years ago

      This tribute to the great sage Ramana Maharshi goes above and beyond excellence. Fantastic page on one of my very favorite sages. Many, many thanks.

    • profile image


      7 years ago

      Your work towards integration and promotion of vision across cultures is truly commendable. My salutes to you with respect. Please continue your great and awesome work. God bless.


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