ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

Cults and Generation Names in Papua New Guinea Tertiary Institutions: A Case Study - Passam National High School

Updated on December 11, 2013
Through my case study, I have learnt many things about cult and generational names. I have interview a student here who once was a member of a cult group during his Secondary School in Passam National High. The cults and generation names evoked from the subculture activities practiced in national high schools. In this case study, I will talk about three things. The Cult and the Generational name used, these would be the definition of cult and generation name and also how the name is passed onto the next students. Secondly, I will talk about the reasons and the causes of the cult generational names. Finally, the strategies to help avoid the cult practices in National High Schools and Secondary Schools around Papua New Guinea. In addition to this, I will also make few remarks on banning down cults activities in National High and Secondary Schools in Papua New Guinea.

Map of East Sepik Province, Papua New Guinea

Cult

Cult is a system of religious or spiritual beliefs, especially an informal and transient belief system regarded by others as misguided. It is unorthodox, meaning that it is not practiced or conformed to the accepted or established form of a religion. It is a false, and directed by a charismatic, having possess great powers of charm or influence by authoritarian leader.

Most students in national and secondary schools in Papua New Guinea fall into this transient system of belief. They have their own belief system and practice devil worship in their dormitories. They focus on darkness, death, torture, suicide and immorality.

Cult is total opposition to Christian moral values and beliefs. There are different types of cults practiced in the national high schools. One of them is the generation name which is popularly practiced in the national high schools.

Generation Names

Generational names are one of the main parts of the cult that is practiced in national high schools. These are secret nicknames which are passed from one generation to next generation of students before leaving National High Schools. This is done in order to avoid losing the generational name. This event happens every year for incoming and outgoing students who practiced this system of worship. The grade twelve (12) students who have a generational name attempt to pass the name onto the incoming grade eleven (11) students before graduating.

However, not all students have generation names because they resist the pressure of the initiation process. It is only about 30 – 50% of National High School students do practice this cult activities.

The generational name evoke from the subculture activities practiced in national high schools. Subcultures are small groups of students within school who have common interest, goals and share their ideas.

The subculture generational name is regarded as negative because the groups’ values and practices are considered harmful. It is also threatening by the general population of students.

Generation Name Characteristics

The generation name has its own characters. The name is more than just a nickname that is used. Each name comes with a personality or character. These are set of personal values and behaviors that the student bearing the name is expected to exhibit or display.

Some types of Generation Names

GROUPS
GENERATION NAMES
CHARACTERS
FTM
Madi
Drunkard
Psycho-Yutz
Velas-XVII
Act Stupid
SIB
Dr. Sorrow
Dress in Black
Linksy
OBS
Relationship
Crazy Cats
Helimax VIII
Loyalty
Zeros
Cracker
Bel Hat Man
NGC
Evertz
Naughty
Some types of Generation Names used in Passam National High School in East Sepik Province

The passing of generational name has been associated with the following;

  • Claiming of territory within and outside of school
  • Harmful initiation rites
  • Creation of hierarchical structure of power amongst group members
  • Sexually promiscuous behavior
  • Making high performing students complete assignments for other group members
  • In extreme cases, devil worshiping and occult rituals
  • Bullying of other students

Causes

Student subcultures are more common in boarding schools, especially the national high schools. There are several causes of subculture to be name but all are not similar in all schools. This would simply depend on the administration of the schools. Here are some causes of subculture.

  • Weak in religious activities, insufficient support by teachers
  • Poor living condition – dormitories and ablution facilities
  • Students frequently off campus without knowledge of school staff
  • Parental and community influences are much weaker
  • Students lack supervision of teachers
  • Inexperienced young teachers, lack confidence to handle students problems
  • Students come from troubled backgrounds.
  • Lack school based counsellors

These issues are vulnerable to the attractions of extreme social behaviors. Subculture activities often reflect social problems in society as a whole, which schools have limited control over it.

Strategies to avoid Subculture

Like any other organization, when there is maladministration and the handling of discipline matters, the problems occur. However, here are some strategies that will help to minimize the problem of subculture in national high schools in Papua New Guinea.

The school administration needs to be knowledgeable in all aspects of administrational matters. The principal of the school should be trained to be content with leadership capability.

  1. The policy on students’ behavior management should be emphasis in all national high schools. There should be a tougher policy for student bridging these policies.
  2. Review the current education policy. Some are not necessarily relevant and causing problems in schools.
  3. Christian Religious Education (CRE) should be compulsory practiced in all national high schools. Students can grow well with Christian moral values and beliefs.
  4. Renovation of students living condition. The dormitories and ablution facilities need to be maintained for the betterment of the students.
  5. All National High Schools should have school based counselors. The counselor can counsel students to help themselves as teachers have no time in doing the counseling of students.

These are some main strategies that are seen to be helpful to minimize the negative subcultures practiced in national high schools. The Education Department should consider and seriously take action into it to cut down on cults and generational names activities in schools.

Conclusion

It has been seen that before reform that was late 1960 to 1980, national high schools operated well under guiding ethos of unity in diversity. They produced more young people to fill places at university and other tertiary institutions. The schools facilities were well equipped, adequately financed, and generally staffed by experienced teachers. The students’ problems were well managed and dealt with as it arise.

When reform comes in, these trends have change dramatically. Papua New Guinea has experienced widespread social change resulting in fewer training and employment opportunities for school leavers. It has increased law and order problems and the loss of a degree of tradition control.

What do you Think?

Should students who are involved in occult practices in National High Schools be expelled from school?

See results

Comments

Submit a Comment

  • SmokyMountainIsle profile image

    SmokyMountainIsle 23 months ago

    Was an FTM and had never indulged in the activities listed in the report. Can you verify your source(s) and also I.D your self? If not, this report is nothing but false and damaging to young men who were part of the fraternity at Passam National High School who now hold key positions in both the public and private sector. Even to those in the faith who are ordained Pastors including others who work closely with the Clergy. Why not arrange to have an audience with those you write about to hear first hand our side of our history. I assure you it is rich and colorful. Its no secret we are on Facebook and have members who are prominent citizens as well. You are invited to engage us publicly or privately if you believe in balanced reporting unlike your very biased gutter reporting which we find absolutely distasteful.

working

This website uses cookies

As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, hubpages.com uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at: "https://hubpages.com/privacy-policy#gdpr"

Show Details
Necessary
HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the googleapis.com or gstatic.com domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
Features
Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
Marketing
Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
Statistics
Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)