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Siddhas - The Wandering Saints of Tamil Nadu

Updated on November 14, 2014

Siddhas of Tamil Nadu

Siddhas of Tamil Nadu believed that only the human being's approaches lead them to the achievement of liberation. "Find our for yourself" is their attribute attitude. Siddhas are disencumbered souls who have decimated all the karma acquaintance.

They formulated their acquisitions as poems in Tamil language on palm leaves. They are gathered and archived in what are disclosed today as Palm leaf manuscripts.

These manuscripts are still possessed by private families in Tamil Nadu and handed down through the ages as well as to public agencies such as Universities world wide in India Germany Britain and U.S.

Siddhas Palm leaf Manuscript

Palm Leaf Manuscript
Palm Leaf Manuscript | Source

Siddha Tradition - Vid

The "Siddhas" and Their Origin, Philosophy

Siddhas of Tamil Nadu, who came in a line of wandering saints, claim a divine origin; according to them Lord SHIVA (Hindu God) is the first Siddha. Some times their origin is traced to the mysterious mythical sage. THIRUMOOLAR.

He is regarded as the supreme preceptor and originator of the exoteric school of SIDDHAS . He lived, some believe, 3000 years ago. It is impossible to explain the typical features of the Tamil Siddhas in terms of one historical line or metaphysical doctrine and an attempt to do so shares the fate of reductionism.

In Tamil Nadu, spiritual freedom has always been articulated by authority. The mystical system of Tamils, thoughtful techniques, and philosophies are all heading for to one end i.e. to gain liberation of the self.

Even though they disagreed over the nature and reputation of attaining it, it is a rebirth to a non-conditioned manner of being. It is the very construction of human survival, but due to the unawareness of man, he is not aware of it and does not comprehend it and he has toil hard to understand it.

According to Siddhas the way to accomplish this freedom is to come down into one's own self. Siddhas relied only on the individual's labors for the accomplishment of liberation. Their feature attitude is: 'find out for yourself'.

According to their philosophy, there is an honesty to a magnificent transcendence. This openness has rendered it not easy to put their spiritual and philosophical thoughts into a methodical total.

Their philosophy is to be recommended more by saying what it is not, as a sculpture exposes an image by the act of removing pieces of stone from a block of stone.Siddhas are beyond the worldly things.

They have also succeeded in attaining numerous powers by their inward penance. They search for the attainment of liberation through resolute devotions to Lord Siva. With their power, they can walk on water; fly on the sky.

The can enter into a lifeless body and induce life to it, and without breath they can live under the ground or under water for years.The terminal inductions of this is that Siddhas professedly achieved physical permanence. This is normally achieved only by persistent Siddha way of meditation.

Siddhas are alchemists. They can convert any metal into gold.

Agastya Siddha

Statue of Agastya Siddha
Statue of Agastya Siddha | Source

18. Siddhas


1. AGASTIYAR 2. NANDI DEVAR 3. THIRUMOOLAR 4. BHOGAR 5. KONKANAVAR

6. MACHAMUNI 7. KORAKKAR 8. SATTAIMUNI 9. SIVAVAKKIAR 10. RAMADEVAR

11. KUDAMBAI 12. KARUVOORAR 13. IDAIKADAR 14. KAMALAMUNI 15. VALMIKI

16. PATHANJALI 17. DHANVANTHIRI 18. PAMBATTI

Teachings of Siddhas

As a Siddha, sectarian association is immaterial. This Siddhas have no consecrated city, no monastic institute, no religious instruments. They are illustrious by their unresponsiveness to recognized religion. Siddhas are not system builders; their whole technique is to shake people out of their intellectual ruts and their conservative, unproductive, ethics. They make fun of logic and metaphysics. They turn conventional philosophy upside down in order to make it look ridiculous.

They are the non- ascetic, non- conventional persons, religious aspirants, longing for direct and natural approach to, and a more concentrated experience of, the utter truth. It is not simply Surithi or Smirthi (classes of scriptures) which they rebuff, but the influence of scriptures as such the value and standing of the scriptures which remains the privilege of a few in Hinduism. That's why, a group of people, those who leading their lives with the help of religious rituals, idols and religious carry outs strongly appose Siddhas ideology and propagating alongside them as "Siddhas were opium eaters", Siddhas poetry is Nuisance etc. But the people of Tamil Nadu well known about the truth and preponderance of people are respecting and practicing the Siddha philosophy.

Siddhas belong to a non- traditionalist, 'counter-tradition'. The Siddhas confronted many of the conventional beliefs, and carry outs of the local religious society and contemplation. They condemned idol and ritualistic worship and prayers as manacles holding back the soul from the liberation.

Sivavakyar is a Siddha and his works are all didactic creditable poems, characterized mainly by its monotheistic purport. He is very severe on idol-worship and hated many abuses accompanied by the accustomed Brahmanical approach; conserving the inevitability of declining the names of Shiva and Vishnu, and devoting one only God.


Siddha Medicine

SIDDHAS system of medicine

The current survey on the principles of Indian Philosophical system showed that the Sankya Philosophy was the oldest one which is founded by Siddhas. Different ailments due to change in mental and physical faculties and Leprosy with it signs and indicators were declared and known to them.

The quality of Good medicine was also mentioned and this might have become the basis for the proper explanation of Siddha medicine by Thirumoolar in his discourse Thirumoolar 8000. The theory of resistance was also elementary and it was known to the Physicians of Sangam Age (2000 BC to 200 AD) even before Chinese and English Physicians.

The ordinary herbs and parts of trees were used largely as medicines there was no orientation of using metals and non metals as medicines. The basic ideology and methods of Surgery like Incision, Excision, Separation, Suturing application of Bandage, Amputation were known and practiced by the Siddha Surgeons.


Map of Tamil Nadu


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    • profile image

      riabasu 22 months ago

      Nice post. Thanks for sharing this informative post. looking forward for more post from you. keep sharing.

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    • G Ivanova profile image

      G Ivanova 3 years ago

      Well I definitely have a find out for yourself type of attitude. I've never heard of this before but this is great information, thank you for sharing! Great use of images also, I enjoyed looking at the palm leaf manuscripts.

    • profile image

      SteveKaye 5 years ago

      Fascinating info. Thank you for publishing this lens. I enjoyed reading it.

    • aesta1 profile image

      Mary Norton 5 years ago from Ontario, Canada

      In Cambodia, I have seen manuscripts like these. Really interesting.

    • Melissa Miotke profile image

      Melissa Miotke 5 years ago from Arizona

      Such an interesting topic and well presented!

    • profile image

      dellgirl 5 years ago

      You really put a lot of thought into this lens, it's a very good one. It sure makes me thankful for lensmasters like you, Thank you for sharing this informative lens.

    • profile image

      anonymous 5 years ago

      Fascinating how the East and West are so different at so many different levels.

    • TolovajWordsmith profile image

      Tolovaj Publishing House 5 years ago from Ljubljana

      We all talk about freedom a lot but only a few are aware how valuable it really is, how hard is to achieve and even harder to keep it. It seems Siddhas are among them. Nice presentation, thanks for teaching me something new.

    • Lady Lorelei profile image

      Lorelei Cohen 5 years ago from Canada

      It always amazes me how different our many cultures are and yet how similar our ideals.

    • WriterJanis2 profile image

      WriterJanis2 5 years ago

      This was so interesting to learn about.

    • FallenAngel 483 profile image

      FallenAngel 483 5 years ago

      I had no idea how developed the knowledge of medicine was that long ago. I learned something new, thanks.

    • hntrssthmpsn profile image

      hntrssthmpsn 5 years ago

      What a beautiful goal: "to gain liberation of the self"!

    • profile image

      anonymous 5 years ago

      They can do so many miracles because they have mastered "Asthta Maha Siddhi"

    • profile image

      anonymous 6 years ago

      I have heard about Siddhas but now I know more about them. A great source of Siddhas, here.

    • profile image

      pawpaw911 6 years ago

      Love the image of the Palm Leaf Manuscript.

    • profile image

      anonymous 6 years ago

      I had never heard of the Sidhas before and of course wandering saints would be welcome anywhere as they journey about and I like that they are illustrious by their unresponsiveness to recognized religion as well as being camera shy. I hope they will not be offended by my leaving a little angel dust!

    • vkumar05 profile image

      vkumar05 6 years ago

      Very interesting info.. like all your lenses. Thanks for sharing.

    • AnnRadley profile image

      AnnRadley 6 years ago

      Inspiring, and a very difficult subject - these wandering saints. I enjoyed seeing that one take off like a rocket. Hope to visit Tamil Nadu one day

    • norma-holt profile image

      norma-holt 6 years ago

      Very informative and nicely presented lens. Featured this on Religious Myths. Well done.

    • profile image

      anonymous 6 years ago

      disappear at will???? that one of the million wonders they possess but it is not what they stand for. They stand for what is said in many scriptures.....body is the temple of god!

    • profile image

      anonymous 6 years ago

      Very informative lens about the Siddhar's. It is believed that they can appear and disappear at will!

    • profile image

      anonymous 7 years ago

      I try to meditate once in a while and get in touch with my inner being. The hustle and bustle of everyday life can cause strain to my physical, mental, emotional and spiritual being. Great post.fosamax fracture lawsuit

    • profile image

      anonymous 7 years ago

      The guy's camera is crappy on the video but for people of tamilnadu it is not a big surprise if they are lucky to see a light being fly landing. is it?.

    • profile image

      anonymous 7 years ago

      Thanks for sharing such informative lens about Siddhas. Everyone with a spiritual inclination would love reading this lens. I have lensrolled it to my lens on life of mystic saint Meera Bai ( Musical Biography Of A Princess Who Became A Saint).

    • SelfAndSource profile image

      SelfAndSource 7 years ago

      Great lens...thank you.

    • Harshitha LM profile image

      Harshitha LM 7 years ago

      Very nice lens, informative... Siddha medicine and saints - I didn't knw abt them!

    • Zen Automat profile image

      Zen Automat 7 years ago

      Hi, i found your lens over at your Slinkset listing and have enjoyed reading it.

    • shiwangipeshwani profile image

      shiwangipeshwani 7 years ago

      Lovely lens friends, watch mine tooo

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      anonymous 7 years ago

      Great lens, thanks for the information!!Denver Electrician

    • profile image

      HERBMASTER 7 years ago

      Enjoyed your lens! Keep up the good work.

    • profile image

      Goodpal 7 years ago

      You have really highlighted something that people all over the world should know. Whatever you described about Siddha, in many ways, parallels mindfulness meditation philosophy which also aims to break free of dogmas of personal beliefs.Thank you.

    • profile image

      yuokki 7 years ago

      The above articles is very impressive, and I really enjoyed reading your blog and points that you expressed. I love to come back on a regular basis,post more on the subject.Thanks for sharing...keep writing!!!Acai Ultima | Resveratrol Ultima | ProvigraX | Mp3 Music download | Nico Not |

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      anonymous 7 years ago

      nice lens. thank you.....Discount Wheels | Buy Laptops | Buy Cameras | Clothing Store

    • WhiteOak50 profile image

      WhiteOak50 8 years ago

      Thank you for adding this lens to: Everything Spiritual

    • sukkran trichy profile image
      Author

      sukkran trichy 9 years ago from Trichy/Tamil Nadu

      [in reply to debnet] thks debby

    • debnet profile image

      Debbie 9 years ago from England

      Very interesting information :)

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