ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

9x19mm Parabellum Cartridge

Updated on April 25, 2014
9mm Luger
9mm Luger | Source

Common Names

  • 9x19mm Parabellum
  • 9mm
  • 9mm Luger

A little about the 9mm Round

The 9mm round is probably one of the most popular or at least one the most well known rounds that is available on the market today. From the use by law enforcement agencies and the military, in shooting competitions, by the average target shooter, to home defense purposes, the 9mm round is one cartridge that just about every person has at least heard about or is somewhat familiar with.

The 9mm cartridge was designed by Georg Luger and introduced in 1902 by the German weapons manufacturer Deutsche Waffen- und Munitionsfabriken (DWM) for their Luger semi-automatic pistol.

The name Parabellum is derived from the Latin: Si vis pacem, para bellum "If you seek peace, prepare for war"

Ammunition Diagram

Diagram featuring common terms for parts of a bullet
Diagram featuring common terms for parts of a bullet | Source

Ammunition Terminology

Cartridge = also known as a round or shell that is the entire piece of ammunition (bullet, case, jacket, primer, and propellent)

Bullet = the projectile that is the projectile that comes out of the end of the gun through the barrel when the gun is fired.

Case = the largest part of the round that holds the bullet, contains the propellant, and houses the primer.

Primer = the part of the cartridge that when struck by the firing pin reacts chemically generating heat that will ignite the powder inside the case.

Propellant = is the chemical (smokeless or black powder) inside the case that when ignited creates pressure that propels the projectile down through the barrel and out the muzzle end..

5 stars for 9mm Ammo

Specifications

Dimensions
Rifling
Pressures
Other
Bullet diameter: 9.01 mm (0.355 in)
Common twist: 250 mm (1 in 9.84 in)
Maximum pressure: 235.00 MPa (34,084 psi)
primer - small pistol
Case length: 19.15 mm (0.754 in)
Grooves: 6 = grooves = 9.02 mm
The SAAMI* pressure limit for the 9×19mm Parabellum is set at 241.32 MPa (35,001 psi) piezo pressure.
 
Overall length: 29.69 mm (1.169 in)
lands = 8.82 mm land width = 2.49 mm
The SAAMI* pressure limit for the 9×19 mm Parabellum +P is set at 265.45 MPa (38,500 psi) piezo pressure.
 
*Sporting Arms and Ammunition Manufacturers' Institute

Examples of Ammo Brands

Click thumbnail to view full-size
Monarch 9mm 115gr FMJPMC - Precision Made CartridgePMC 9mm - 115gr FMJWinchester 9mm 115gr FMJ
Monarch 9mm 115gr FMJ
Monarch 9mm 115gr FMJ
PMC - Precision Made Cartridge
PMC - Precision Made Cartridge
PMC 9mm - 115gr FMJ
PMC 9mm - 115gr FMJ
Winchester 9mm 115gr FMJ
Winchester 9mm 115gr FMJ

Performance**

Bullet
Type
Velocity
Energy
115 gr
FMJ
390 m/s (1,300 ft/s)
570 J (420 ft·lb)
124 gr
FMJ
360 m/s (1,200 ft/s)
518 J (382 ft·lb)
116 gr
JHP
377 m/s (1,240 ft/s)
533 J (393 ft·lb)
115 gr
JHP +P
411 m/s (1,350 ft/s)
632 J (466 ft·lb)
**Test barrel length: Tests 1,2&3: 150mm(5.91in) / Tests 4&5: 118mm(4.65in) Source(s): Sellier & Bellot, Buffalo Bore, C.I.P., Cor-Bon

9mm Variants

9mm +P or +P+ Cartridge

9mm +P or +P+ cartridges are overpressure variants of the standard 9x19mm cartridge. The purpose of these overpressure rounds are to obtain higher muzzle velocities and greater stopping power, making these types of ammunition popular rounds for personal or home defense. The standard pressure for +P rounds are approximately 10% higher than the standard round 35,000 psi (standard pressure) vs 38,500 psi (+p pressure).

9mm NATO cartridge

9mm NATO is a cartridge used by over 70 countries and many millitaries. Also an overpressure round compared to standard cartridge,

9mm SESAMS

9mm SESAMS (Special Effects Small Arms Marking System).is a simunition round developed by the United States Military for training exercises and function similar to a paintball round. Comes in two colors, red and blue. Picture of a SESAMS round a little further down in the hub.

Types of centerfire casings

There a three main types of centerfire cartridges available on the market today:

Steel
Brass
Aluminum

And there are probably more theories on which type of case is the best to use in your firearm than there are types of casings available.

The main differences between the three casings are:

Cost
Metal Composition
Reloading capabilities

Steel and aluminum casings are going to be cheaper than brass casings.

There are many out there that will attempt to discourage people from purchasing or using aluminum cased ammunition because they claim that cartridges with aluminium casing is dangerous to shoot through firearms due to its soft nature. However there are just as many that have put thousands of rounds through their firearms using aluminium cases that have not experienced any major problems.

As far as reloading goes, it is generally accepted that aluminium cases are not the best option for those that do or decide to reload their own ammunition.

Do you like the 9mm Cartridge

See results

Common handguns in 9mm

Beretta M9

Beretta PX4 Storm

Glock 17, 19, 26

Smith and Wesson M&P, Sigma

Taurus 92, Millennium,, 24/7, 709

Ruger LC9

Sig Sauer P226, P250

Springfield XD

9mm SESAMS

Source

Use in Law Enforcement and Military

Beretta PX4 Storm

  • Used by the Ohio County, WV Sheriff's Department,
  • Maryland State Police,
  • Sparta, New Jersey Police Department,
  • Providence, Rhode IslandPolice Department,
  • Fresno Police Department
  • Rochester, NY police department

Glock 17, 19, 26

  • FBI 17, 19, 26
  • U.S. Marshall Service
  • DEA 19
  • Department of Homeland Security 19
  • Miami Police Dept
  • Virginia Beach Police Dept

Sig Sauer P226, P228, P229

  • United States Army P228 (designated M11)
  • United States Army Criminal Investigation Command[52] P229
  • U.S. Diplomatic Security Service (U.S. Department of State)[53] P226R, P228, P229, P229R (9×19mm)
  • Federal Bureau of Investigation[51] P226, P228R, & P229
  • United States Air Force Office of Special Investigations[53] P228 (9×19mm)
  • United States Navy SEALs[56] P226, P228 (9x19mm)
  • United States Navy[57] P226R (9x19mm)& P228 (designated M11) (9×19mm)
  • NYPD P226 DAK (9×19mm)
  • New Jersey State Police[67] P228R (9×19mm)
  • Tampa Police Department Tactical Response Team (TRT/SWAT) P226R (9×19mm)

9mm Parabellum

Source

Why 9mm is a great round?

One of the great thing about the 9mm round is that most weapons that are chambered in 9mm have higher capacity magazines due to smaller cartridge size.

The 9 mm cartridge combines a flat trajectory with moderate recoil, and according to the 1986 book Handloading: "the modern science of wound ballistics has established beyond reasonable doubt that the 9mm cartridge is highly effective."*

Another reason that 9mm is a great round is that it is cost effective while practicing shooting and to stock up on rounds. It is also regularly available wherever ammunition is sold.




*Davis, William C. (1986). Handloading. Second Printing: National Rifle Association. p242-243.

9mm Vs .38 Vs .40

9mm
.38 special
.40 S&W
Bullet diameter: 9.01 mm (0.355 in)
Bullet diameter: (9.1 mm) .357 in
Bullet diameter: .4 in (10 mm)
Case length: 19.15 mm (0.754 in)
Case length: (29.3 mm) 1.155 in
Case length: .850 in (21.6 mm)
Overall length: 29.69 mm (1.169 in)
Overall length: (39 mm) 1.55 in
Overall length: 1.135 in (28.8 mm)
Primer type: Small pistol
Primer type: Small pistol
Primer type: Small Pistol

Comments

    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    • LJ Bonham profile image

      LJ Bonham 

      2 years ago

      Nice hub. Hard to go wrong with the "Nine." Cheap, available, accurate, and effective - what's not to like? Today's improved bullets make it an even easier choice. Most defensive handgun cartridges perform about the same in tissue - bullet placement is the more important factor - and in today's high threat environment, high magazine capacity is very important.

    working

    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, hubpages.com uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at: https://hubpages.com/privacy-policy#gdpr

    Show Details
    Necessary
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the googleapis.com or gstatic.com domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Features
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Marketing
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Statistics
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)