ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

All about Badminton

Updated on July 17, 2012
Shuttlecocks | Source

Origins of Badminton

The earliest outdoor sports my memory registers is Badminton. It is simple and fun and can be played in your backyard. I still remember my racquet was special – it had double bars in its handle!

Long long back, a game used to be played in India and a few other countries, where a paddle of sorts was used to hit a shuttlecock back and forth between two players. A shuttlecock is an inverted V shaped thing made of feathers and a hard top. (See pic) --also called shuttles or birdies—they weigh 0.2 oz and consist of 16 goose feathers. This game was called Poona. You also had a net standing between the two players demarcating area assigned to each player and defining where the shuttlecock needs to pass above. India was being ruled by the British then and being the sportsmen they are, they picked up the game and started playing it back in England as well.

The name ‘Badminton’ was coined by the Duke of Beaufort after Badminton house in Gloucestershire where he had invited guests to his party and introduced the game of Poona to them. There on this became a very popular game among the British high class.

So what is the game all about and how can we learn to play it?

Gloucerstershire, England:
Gloucestershire, UK

get directions

Badminton Club

A Badminton Court

A Badminton Court
A Badminton Court | Source

Badminton Equipment & Court

For starters, you need to have at least two players, a badminton racquet each and a shuttle cock. A badminton court looks quite similar to a tennis court.

For a doubles game the entire court is included but for a singles match the inner boundary lines are the permitted playing field. A valid serve needs to land in the box shown as ‘service area’ in the picture.

The standard dimensions of a court are 44 feet long and 20 feet in width. The net is at a height of 5 feet.

The surface varies from wood, concrete to non slippery man made synthetic surfaces. This can be an outdoor or indoor set up. If played outdoors, the wind velocity plays a huge role in the success of the game. For this reason indoor courts are preferred.

Racquets – initially these were made of wood, over the years, they have been made lighter and stronger with materials such as aluminium and graphite. The latest ones weigh between 80-100 grams. They usually measure 68 centimetres long, the oval head has typical dimensions of 28cmX22cm. The badminton strings are made of strong synthetic fibre and their tension also varies from the level of the players. The hand grip is another important aspect of the racquet determining the level of comfort and control a players has on the racquet. Manufactured by a host of companies such as Yonex, Prince, Wilson, Carlton amongst others, one can find a wide variety of racquets out there in the market with varying prices starting from as low as $30.

Dress – A pair of shorts and Tee Shirt are the most common clothes worn by both men and women alike while paying badminton.

Shoes – A good pair of shoes is essential to play the game well; it affects your agility and prevents injury. Most companies make shoes particularly for badminton, the most popular again being Yonex.

Badminton Rules
Badminton Rules | Source

The Game

A toss decides which player will occupy which side of the court and who will serve first. Players then position themselves on diagonally opposite sides of the courts. The play continues till a player either misses to return the shot back to the other court, returns the shot but the shuttlecock lands outside the boundary, hits the shuttlecock into the net or the opposite player is unable to pick up the shuttle on his side of the court (either missing or returning back onto his side of the net).

One non stop return and pick up of shots between players is called a ‘Rally’.


Like every game, the scoring methodology has changed over the years for this sport. The last change was in 2006 where rally point scoring was adopted. This implied, whoever won the rally, won the point irrespective of the fact who served the first shot of the rally. The player(s) reaching 21 points first is the winner of the game and there needs to be a difference of 2 points between the two players/ teams for a definite winner.

There is no concept of second serve in badminton. Either you get it right or you lose a point and transfer the serve to the opponent . Even if the shuttlecock touches the net but lands in the permitted service area, it is a valid serve. A shuttlecock landing on the line is considered in.

Badminton Racquet & Shoes
Badminton Racquet & Shoes | Source

Fun Badminton Facts

  • Hollywood stars including Bette Davis, Ginger Rogers and James Cagney were known to play badminton as a pastime. This also helped to promote the sport in the 1930s.
  • The sport has largely been dominated by Asian countries and Denmark over the last few decades.
  • Badminton is most popular in countries like Korea, Malaysia, China, India, Indonesia and Vietnam.

Fitness & Physical Requirements for Badminton

You need to be quick on your feet, you need to have great reflexes, arch your back for those back high shots, strength in the forearm for those smashes and light and deft moves for the drop shots! Yes , playing an array of badminton shots will need you to be all this and more. Like any racquet sport, you need to have good stamina, agility and great hand and leg movement as well as hand-eye coordination. Badminton is in fact the fastest racquet sports where the shuttlecocks could travel up to speeds as high as 200 mph.

Competitive badminton is considered to be a very physically demanding sport, even more than tennis.

Successful badminton players have known to be tall as well as short.

Some Badminton Timelines

Time in History
The first Badminton Club in USA was founded at New York (Badminton Club of NY)
World’s first badminton competition began - The All England Open Badminton Championships
Badminton World Federation established (England, France, Canada, Denmark, Netherlands, New Zealand, Ireland, Scotland and Wales were the first members)
India joined the Badminton World Federation
Badminton added to the sports played in the Commonwealth Games
Badminton included in Olympic Games

Have you played this fun sport?

Have you played Badminton ever?

See results

Top Five Badminton Players in the World

Source & for latest rankings, check :

(Badminton World Federation- BWF)

As of 7/12/2012

Men's Singles

  1. Lin Dan (China)
  2. Lee Chong Wei (Malaysia)
  3. Chen Long (China)
  4. Chen Jin (China)
  5. Peter Hoeg Gade (Denmark)

Women's Singles

  1. Wang Yihan (China)
  2. Wang Xin (China)
  3. Li Xuerui (China)
  4. Wang Shixian (China)
  5. Saina Nehwal (India)

A badminton rally between the worlds two best players

My husband and I try to play badminton at least thrice a week. We are fortunate enough to have a great badminton facility in the area we live in and have made great friends as well as improved our game.

Some places to play Badminton if you live in California are –

Bintang Badminton - 746 Milpitas Blvd, Milpitas, CA

California Badminton Academy – 46049 Warm Springs Blvd, Fremont , CA

Northern California Badminton Club- 2421 Mercantile Drive, Rancho Cordova, CA

UC Davis Badminton Club – UC Davis, CA

Royal Badminton Academy- 190 Constitution Drive, Menlo Park, CA


    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    • Riverfish24 profile imageAUTHOR


      6 years ago from United States

      Thanks mmsu!

    • mmsu profile image


      6 years ago from Pakistan

      Great hub:)Badminton is a very good sports,i really enjoy playing it!!

    • profile image


      6 years ago

      I love badmitton! I haven't played it since my teens though. I switched to tennis and never went back. My dad taught me how to play. We usually played outside on the yard and not on an official court. But, it is so much fun and great exercise. That is so cool that you have a badmittin facility near you. How fun! Your presentation is beautiful! Well written and well done! Voted up!

    • Riverfish24 profile imageAUTHOR


      6 years ago from United States

      Thanks CassyLu, I am not good either..but I keep at it for the exercise ;-) Thanks for the vote and share!

    • CassyLu1981 profile image


      6 years ago from Spring Lake, NC

      I've tried play badminton, I'm not very good :( Good hub though! Voted up and shared!


    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at:

    Show Details
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the or domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)