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Basics of cricket

Updated on February 18, 2020
Yogitech207 profile image

An ambitious writer who wants to share his cricket experiences and some technicalities related to the game.

Cricket - The Gentleman's Game
Cricket - The Gentleman's Game


In present decade we know the kind of craze for cricket among the people. Cricket in present scenario has gained television rating, fan following and stadium attendance. Many advertisers are willing to sponsor heavily on matches and even players too.

Cricket has many rules and regulations imposed by governing authority i.e. ICC (International Cricket Council) that has to be adhered by each and every player. For being able to understand and play this game one should possess qualities such as discipline, passion and dedication. This is the reason behind why cricket is also known as Gentlemen Game.

ICC Test Cricket playing Countries

Country Name
Year in which started playing
15 MAR 1877
15 MAR 1877
25 JUN 1932
South Africa
12 MAR1889
New Zealand
10 JAN 1930
Sri Lanka
17 FEB 1982
16 OCT1952
10 NOV 2000
West Indies
23 JUN 1928
14 JUN 2018
11 MAY 2018
18 OCT 1992

In this article we will be broadly covering the Basics of Cricket, few terminologies and bit of technicalities related to the game.

Team Composition

The game is played between two teams which consists of 15 players each. 11 players from each team participate in the game and 04 players from each side are kept as reserve players in case of any injuries or extra player required.

Players of each team are further classified on the basis of their special skills into bowler, batsman , all rounder (a player who can perform bowling and batting efficiently) and wicket keeper.

Each team has Captain and Vice Captain, who are responsible for taking vital decisions during and before the game.


Batting is carried on by two players of a team at a time. Their main objective is to score as much runs as they can for their team. These runs are vital in deciding the winner of the game. The batsman takes stance at the crease on the middle stump of the side of the pitch he bats. The basic equipment required by a batsman includes bat , gloves, helmet, elbow guard, thigh guard and abdominal guard. Batsman tries to hit the ball bowled by bowler to score runs by any of the following methods.

Batsman can hit the ball away from the fielder and runs from one end crease to another end to score a run or more before the fielder collects the ball and tries for dismissal.

He can also hit the ball bowled directly to the boundaries to score 4 runs or 6 runs depending on the fact that if the bounce is inside the boundary line then 04 runs will be awarded to the batsman and team. If the ball has cleared the boundary without any bounce inside then the batsman will be awarded 06 runs.

While the batsman tries to score the maximum amount of runs, he has to make sure he doesn't lose his wicket. A batsman can lose his wicket in 11 ways such as












For Test matches the total score of the team after 10 dismissals is the total score required to be chased by other team in order to win the game.

But on the other hand in limited overs games like ODI'S and T20 the total score required to be chased can be after 10 dismissals on team batting first or on the completion of overs of the first inning's.

The shots played by the batsman can basically be divided into conventional shots, orthodox and modern or modified shots.


Bowling is the part of the game in which a bowler delivers the ball from crease on the opposite end of the pitch where a batsman takes the stance with the objective to dismiss the batsman, while simultaneously trying not to let the batsman score runs of the ball.

Bowling on the correct line and length is very important. Appropriate distance from the crease is also an important factor as the batting team can be rewarded by extra runs via Wide ball, No ball and free hits.

A bowler can be broadly classified as pace or swing bowler based on the speed and leg or off spinner based on the way and direction the ball spin after pitching on wicket.


Ground Specifications

Grounds are mostly oval in shape with a rectangular pitch at the centre of the ground where batting and bowling is done by both playing teams alternately surrounded by lush green outfield which looks amazing. length of the pitch is 22 yards and breadth 03 meters.

There is a 30 yard circle around the pitch which is very crucial during field placement during power play.

Role of Fielder's

Fielder's play an important role in restricting the amount of runs scored by the opposite team batsman by preventing runs inside the ground by agile athleticism on field. Fielder's also playan important role in the dismissal of a batsman, it may either be by run out or by catches as the phrase goes "catches wins matches".

Wicket keeper is a specialised fielder whose position is fixed behind the wicket where the batsman takes the stance.Helmet, leg pads and wicket keeper gloves are the basic equipment worn by the wicket keeper. Keeping requires great specialisation as most of the time, keeper is the person who is very near to the batsman while a shot is played requiring the keeper to possess skills like excellent reflexes and great presence of mind. The keeper can dismiss a batsman through stamping i.e., when a ball is bowled to a batsman, he tries to hit the ball going out of his batting crease and has a miss hit on it the wicketkeeper can collect the ball behind the wicket and remove the bails of wickets before the batsman reaching back to the crease.

There are different field positions of the fielder's depending upon distance and direction from the batsman. The basic is that the left side of the pitch is known as off side and right side is known as leg side. Other Fielding positions are as follows

Long on, Long off, short mid wicket, mid wicket, mid on, mid off, gully, slips, third man, short third man,Fly Slip,Long Stop, Deep Gully, Silly Point, Deep point, Cover sweeper, cover point, extra cover, deep extra cover, silly mid off, silly mid on, straight hit, long on, sweeper, square leg, deep square leg, leg gully, Long leg, leg slip, short fine leg, deep fine leg.

Appeal - Till the time the Fielding team doesn't appeal to the umpire, umpire may not give the decision for the batsman to be out by raising his index finger towards the sky.Thus appealing for dismissals is must for Fielding team, Appeal is generally done in these terms " Hows That".


Generally, three umpires are required for the smooth conduct of a game, who are responsible for having a check on regulations and make sure that the game is played with sportsmanship spirit by all the players of both teams.

The three umpires are Leg umpire, Main umpire and Third or TV umpire. The main job of Main umpire and Leg umpire is carried on the cricket field and most of the on ground decisions lies in their hands.

If there is some uncertainty in Umpire decision or if a player wants to challenge the decision of the on field umpire, he can always ask for the DRS (Decision Review System).

The Third umpire takes the conclusive and deciding crucial decisions of the game with the help of cameras and modern technologies such as ultra edge, slow motion imaging and hot spots.

Match Decisions

Like any other game one of the teams has to win and other team losses. There are four possible outcomes of a match.

Win - if a team passes through the target set by another team, then they win.

Tie - When both the teams end up scoring the same amount of runs in the limited over game then the match is said to be a tie.

Draw - This possibility creates when both teams are unable to win the game. This kind of situation is only related to test matches.

Match Called Off - Under special natural obstructions like rain, bad visibility ,etc. A match can be Called Off by the on field Umpires.

Apart from the above said there are two more ways to decide the winner of a cricket limited overs game.


Video to describe it better

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This content is accurate and true to the best of the author’s knowledge and is not meant to substitute for formal and individualized advice from a qualified professional.

© 2020 Yogitech


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    • Yogitech207 profile imageAUTHOR


      25 hours ago from Mumbai

      Thanks for your comments.

    • Vellur profile image

      Nithya Venkat 

      27 hours ago from Dubai

      Interesting and informative article about cricket. Enjoyed reading.

    • Yogitech207 profile imageAUTHOR


      5 weeks ago from Mumbai

      Thanks santosh

    • profile image


      5 weeks ago

      Nice Knowledge

    • Yogitech207 profile imageAUTHOR


      6 weeks ago from Mumbai

      You should be watching it. Otherwise I would says should actually be played.

      Not only cricket any sports as it build muscles and strengthen your outer body.

      Which makes a perfect combination of soul and body known as human.

    • Natasha Tungare profile image

      Natasha Tungare 

      6 weeks ago from India

      You won't believe but I really have never liked sports because I never understood the rules and method of playing a game. But the way you have described about cricket in here, I guess I will now be able to know sports well by reading your articles

    • success79 profile image


      6 weeks ago from New York

      Interesting article and video! It certainly explained the principle in simple detail.

    • Yogitech207 profile imageAUTHOR


      6 weeks ago from Mumbai

      Thanks jeeshan for such a lovely comment.

    • profile image

      jeeshan khan 

      6 weeks ago

      It's basic but great knowledge for me...I didn't know how many types a cricketer out..thanxxx sir..Jai Hind

    • Yogitech207 profile imageAUTHOR


      6 weeks ago from Mumbai

      Thanks success 79

    • Yogitech207 profile imageAUTHOR


      6 weeks ago from Mumbai

      Thanks Dora for the comments. Will provide more interesting hubs in future on the same topics

    • MsDora profile image

      Dora Weithers 

      6 weeks ago from The Caribbean

      I grew up listening to international cricket commentaries on the radio and watching local cricket matches. Still I appreciate this detailed information on the game.

    • success79 profile image


      2 months ago from New York

      Interesting article! This is well articulated and written.

    • Jodah profile image

      John Hansen 

      2 months ago from Queensland Australia

      Yes, unless you have actually played cricket, it is difficult to understand all the rules and terminology. Like any other sport.

    • Yogitech207 profile imageAUTHOR


      2 months ago from Mumbai

      Thanks Jodah for commenting and sharing your experience. Cricket is just a another game like all others. The matter is that just for knowing any game you have to get into the ground and start playing it.

      Take care Jodah

    • Jodah profile image

      John Hansen 

      2 months ago from Queensland Australia

      Hi Yogitech. You covered the basics of cricket very well. I was recently asked by an American friend to write a poem about cricket and found it quite challenging. Thank you for sharing.

    • Yogitech207 profile imageAUTHOR


      2 months ago from Mumbai

      Thanks Shalini for the comments. It was my first article and just now I have posted one more hope your blessings are there.

      Thanks again

    • profile image

      Shalini Jadhvani 

      2 months ago from India

      Welcome to HubPages. Indeed, an informative article. Nice write. Congratulations. Keep going. Best wishes.

    • Yogitech207 profile imageAUTHOR


      2 months ago from Mumbai

      Thanks buddy. Hope so you enjoyed the article

    • profile image

      Diwakar Jangir 

      2 months ago

      Nice try. Keep it up

    • Yogitech207 profile imageAUTHOR


      2 months ago from Mumbai

      Thank u bro

    • Yogitech207 profile imageAUTHOR


      2 months ago from Mumbai

      Thanks sibaprasad

    • profile image

      Abhishek Kumar 

      2 months ago

      It is very much knowledgeable and useful article for students and learners this article has very much good content ,.............,.................................... So please like share and comment on this article

    • profile image


      2 months ago

      Nice article

    • profile image

      Abhishek kumar 

      2 months ago

      It is very much knowledgeable article for the students and learners and the data given in this article is very important for every one ........................ So plz like and comment on this article

    • profile image


      2 months ago

      Need more comment so that I can improve on articles coming ahead


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