Coyote Hunting Gear: 3 Best Non-Electronic Predator Calls
Hunting the Wily Coyote
Coyotes are a close cousin to the beloved dog and the fearsome wolf. However, they certainly don't enjoy the same admiration and respect. Coyote populations are growing very quickly and they are typically considered a nuisance.
For example, in the eastern US, there are more coyotes than ever before. Record numbers of coyotes have invaded the areas where many hunt. With so many coyotes and so many hunters, there is bound to be friction between the hunter and this wily predator.
In many other parts of US, drought has affected the feeding and watering areas of many animals forcing typical hunting game and coyotes to be in closer proximity.There are countless stories of game being poached by coyotes within a half hour of the kill!
In order to try to stop the spread, may states, like Utah, have instituted an open season year around on these predators. They even offer a fifty dollar reward if you turn in both the ears. This has lessened the coyote nuisance for hunters as well as ranchers.
Many people now have started hunting coyotes in the off-season for deer and turkey. Hunting coyotes can be a fun activity and a good way to keep up your hunting skills. It really isn’t very different from hunting a deer.
The best times of day are the early morning or late at night. Coyotes have very good senses of smell and hearing so they will need to be ambushed. Unfortunately, sitting next to a truck out in the open won't work. The best time for hunting coyotes is wintertime when food is scarce. Almost any call will drive them in.
The Types of Non-Electronic Calls
The 3 types of calls that fall outside the line of electronic predator calls are as follows:
Turkey Friction Calls
My #1 Pick in Tube Calls
Excellent functionality isn't the only reason this call gets top marks. Hardwood construction adds to the look and durability of this call. The ability to use your foot to make the call sound off is crucial when movement should be kept at a minimum.
The reed allows for a variable pitch call, even allowing the hunter to make mimic a guinea fowl.
The Coyote Tube Call
One of the first and less frequent calls discussed in-depth is the coyote hand call and its different variations. Each variation has its pro and cons for coyote hunting. Hand calls are defined by if you have to use your hands to produce vocalizations with the call.
The first type of hand call is called a coyote tube call. These types of coyote call are usually made of a hard plastic tube with both ends open. This is where the diaphragm is securely seated. On the other end of the call is soft molded rubber that slips over the edge of the hard plastic. As you push up and down on the soft rubber it will force air over the diaphragm to produce different sound variations.
These types of calls were first seen on what you call gobble shock tubes and later incorporated into predator hand calls. These types of calls do not require the hunter to blow into the tube to produce the sound.
My #2 Best Call for Coyotes is Actually a Turkey Call
The Turkey Friction Call
The second type of hand call is a turkey friction call. Although the different variations of turkey calls is beyond the scope of this article, it is safe to say many hunters have called in many non-target species like foxes and coyotes with a turkey call. The most luck is often had with lost hen yelps. So turkey friction calls should be counted as a useful coyote calling method.
A concise detailed explanation of the different types of hand calls on the market is as follows. Mouth calls are defined by the use of your mouth to produce vocalizations with the call.
The first type is a reed diaphragm mouth call. The call fits loosely between your tongue and the roof of your mouth. To produce sound slightly blow air across the diaphragm. The air properly blown across the reed will produce vocalizations. This is one of the hardest calls to master. When you do master it your friends will envy you in how realistic sound these calls can produce. Hands are not necessary to use this call so it is the best call for when your quarry is close and can movement easily.
The howling call has a bull horn shape. At the small end of the horn a reed sits. You blow through the reed at different angles to produce many tone variations. This type of call is great when trying to cover a lot of terrain with a low coyote population. They are very useful for pinpointing the direction of the answering coyotes. The big end of the horn magnifies the vocalization over a long distance. This call is not recommended when coyotes are in close range.
Primos Hook-Up Magnetic Box Call
This baby gets high marks primarily because of its rugged build and patented magnetic hinge that helps to get just the right tone for different types of turkey calls. Tuning is a thing of the past with this quality call.
Another bonus in my book is the ability to remove the paddle to help silence the call when carrying.
My #3 Pick is From Knight and Hale
Calls using Hand and Mouth
This last type of calls under mouth calls is a variation between a mouth and hand call. You need both mouth and hand to produce the vocalizations. This type of coyote call stemmed from the typical duck call, so they are either wood or hard plastic with a reed in the end of them.
You hold the call up to your mouth and blow through the call at different angles to produce specific tones. The downside to these calls in predator hunting is the hand movement required to use the call. Any quick movement can tip off a wary predator.
The Knight and Hale Cottontail Predator Call (Distress Call) is my top pick in this category. Simplicity and reliability make this an irrefutable hit in its category. K and H consistently produce winners in the calling arena, this one is no different. It can be blown very loud or very soft...still the tone is clear and crisp.
Beginners will struggle to mess this one up. It must be noted that temperatures below 20 degrees may adversely affect the tone, so you may need to keep it in a warm place prior to using.
Call Coyotes like the Pros do it
A Final Word
My hope is that you found this information helpful in learning the various types of non-electronic coyote calls to add to your coyote hunting gear. Please feel free to leave your feedback below. Happy hunting!
Always remember: Whether you are hunting coyotes for income or to simply thin down the population, always use common sense mixed with humane hunting practices.