Cricket bowling styles: Slow left-arm orthodox
In cricket, there are two main types of spin: wrist spin and finger spin. These types of spin can be bowled with either the right-arm or left-arm.
Slow left-arm orthodox bowling refers to finger spin by a left-arm bowler. The classification of spinners is as follows:
Right-arm finger spin: Off-break or off-spin
Right-arm wrist spin: Leg-break or leg-spin
Left arm finger spin: Slow Left-arm Orthodox
Left-arm wrist spin: Slow Left-arm Unorthodox
Left-arm orthodox spinners turn the ball from leg to off. In other words, they turn the ball away from right-handers and into left-handers. In that sense, it moves in the same direction as leg-spin. However, because it is produced from finger spin, the turn is not as prodigious as leg-spin.
Generally, left-arm orthodox bowlers rely on variations in flight, drift and turn to out-fox batsmen. While the stock delivery of the SLA orthodox turns from off to leg, there are at least three variations in turn. There is the topspinner, which does not turn much and has more bounce; the arm ball, which is much faster and does not turn at all; and the wrong one, which turns from off to leg.
Daniel Vettori bowling to Michael Clarke
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Exponents of left-arm orthodox spin
New Zealand's Daniel Vettori is the most successful left-arm orthodox bowler in cricket history, with over 300 Test wickets. Other notable SLA orthodox bowlers include India's Bishen Singh Bedi, Sir Garry Sobers (West Indies) and Bangladesh's Shakib Al Hasan. England had a few exponents of this bowling style as well: Derek Underwood, Phil Tufnell, Ashley Giles and most recently, Monty Panesar.
- Cricket bowling styles: Slow left-arm unorthodox or chinaman
Also known simply as left-arm unorthodox or chinaman bowling, this style refers to the bowling of a left-arm wrist spinner.
- Best spin bowlers in cricket history
To defeat the willow, pace bowlers rely on sheer pace, seam or swing. The spinner is slower and more crafty, relying on a combination of flight, bounce and turn to deceive batsmen.
The leg break is so-called because the ball spins from the leg-side to the off-side. This is taken from the position of a right-handed batsman. As such, a leg break spins away from a right-handed batsman, while it turns into a left-hander.
- Cricket bowling styles: Off spin or off break
Unlike wrist spin, off-spin is easier to control since the majority of the turn comes through the fingers. However, there is minimal wrist action involved, unless you are Muttiah Muralitharan.