Endurance Training In Sports
Endurance training is a comprehensive term and is most often confused with speed, strength, aerobic and anaerobic. Aerobic endurance training techniques help athletes achieve high aerobic fitness.
Cycling, running and swimming are long distance events and require endurance training.
The type and duration of endurance training will vary from one sport to another. Most conventional power sports require firm aerobic training.
Exercise physiology lays down factors that cause hindrances in an activity or event. Fatigue is one limiting factor in endurance sports that may be caused due to the psychological and physical well being of an athlete. Many causes of exhaustion in athletes have been laid down by exercise scientists and these can be altered with the right kind of training.
Maximal oxygen uptake is important and related to endurance training and endurance performance. The best endurance athletes genetically have very great oxygen intake in amateur athletes gets better with a little training. Any endurance training regime will aim at getting the athlete’s oxygen levels to the highest genetic limit for aerobic power.
The lactate threshold shows the use of maximum aerobic limit. Many terminologies have been coined to explain how blood lactate accumulation and an increase in exercise power are related, and the conclusion is that training is advantageous for lactate accumulation to enhance endurance performance.
Even if two athletes have an identical oxygen and lactate threshold, what is important is the amount of workouts and speed of the exercising that has help them attain these indicators. Less energy is used by athletes who have a great exercise economy irrespective of their workload. Researchers consider economy of exercise to significantly enhance endurance performance.
When energy is released either carbohydrate or fat is used by the oxidative energy system. When the exercises are vigorous then fat is used as fuel rather than carbohydrate. Exercising must be reduced as and when the collected carbohydrate is used up. Fuel is primarily utilized in large percentages during exercising and this is one reason why carbohydrate is accumulated and stored for a longer period of time.
Athletes with high endurance reveal type I muscle fibers. The high oxidative enzyme capacity and high mitochondrial density that is present in type I muscle fibers enables the main energy generation from aerobic metabolism. Transformation of fiber types form II to I does not take place in endurance training. Aerobic energy generation can be more effective by changing metabolic characteristics of muscle fibers.