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Feedback In Sports

Updated on February 12, 2012

Feedback is when constructive criticism is given to someone in hopes to improve their performances and abilities. Feedback points out flaws and improvements that can be applied to people to increase their performance. Feedback can be used by players and coaches to analyse performances and be used to formulate SMART targets and goals for the athlete to follow.

Feedback can be presented in various ways which include the following;

Immediate & Delayed – Immediate feedback is given to the athlete as soon as possible post performance, this allows athletes to correct their flaws by mentally focusing on this ready for the next training session. Delayed feedback is usually given to the athlete the next day in the form of written and video feedback. This is beneficial for athletes that learn from visual sources allowing them to see their flaws and begin to correct them.

Internal & External Internal Feedback is feedback that is given to the person by themselves, this usually occurs while the athlete is performing of after a situation of activity. External feedback is usually given by a coach or teammates during a game allowing them to get feedback from what they can’t visually see.

Concurrent & Terminal – Concurrent feedback is given to the athlete while a performance is commencing, again this is usually in the form of teammates or a coach. Terminal feedback is given at the end of a performance by a coach to help correct flaws.

Knowledge of Performance & Results – KOF feedback is essential for improving as an athlete technically because as the name states a level of technical knowledge is required to be able to correct from the feedback given. Result feedback is given to an athlete depending on the result of their performance; this can be either negative or positive.

SMART Targets

Smart targets are a way of organising goals for people to accomplish easier. These targets set out the targets for the athlete and give them some structure and information to guide athletes.

S – Specific – This allows the goal for the athlete to be specific to their needs.

M – Measurable – This allows the goals to be measured and tracked to monitor improvement.

A – Attainable – This allows athletes to reach their goals without falling short.

R – Relevant – This allows relevant improvement to be given from recent performances to improve upon.

T – Time – This allows athletes to organise their targets and fit them into a routine.


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