ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

There are three categories of Heat Injuries: Heat Cramps, Heat Exhaustion, and Heat Stroke.

Updated on November 25, 2015

Heat Cramps

Signs and Symptoms of Heat Cramps

Heat Cramps occur during or after working or exercising in a hot environment without properly re-hydrating and excessively sweating. Those who are at greatest risk are Infants, young children, inactivity for long periods of time, those who drink alcohol or on medication, or is already a heat casualty.

Heat Cramp Symptoms ( Less Severe) are muscle spasms of the arms, legs and sometimes the stomach. These spasms may be brief but painful. They usually come and go and resolve on their own. Call 911 and seek medical help if these symptoms continue for long periods. If heat cramps continue, this may be early signs of heat exhaustion or heat stroke.

First Aid:

♦ Stop all activities.

♦ Move to a cool ans shady area. Note: If this is not available you may have to set up a tent or an improvise shelter.

♦ Loosen clothing

♦Rest and replace fluids (0.5 Litter) with a cool, electrolyte beverage such as Gatorade/Powderade or something similar.

Excessively Sweating
Excessively Sweating | Source

Heat Exhaustion

Signs and Symptoms Of And Heat Exhaustion

Heat Exhaustion (More severe) occurs when the body fails to regulate to core temperature and overheats from excessive sweating and dehydration. Again, Young children, the elderly, those who use alcohol or on medications are at greater risk for this type of heat injury.

Heat Exhaustion Symptoms May include Muscle cramping, Pale-cool-clammy of the skin, dizziness, headaches, loss of appetite, Chills, urge to defecate, rapid pulse, thirsty,tingling of the hands and feet, fainting, confused, dry-heaves, heavy sweating, pupils dilated, subnormal core temperature.

Caution when this type of injury is suspected Seek Medical Help and monitor person by....

First Aid:

♠ Move the person to a cool, shady area or improvise shade if none is available.

♠ Have the person lie down with the feet elevated.

Note: Backpack makes a perfect pillow under the legs for the situation.

♠ Loosen clothing and remove boots.

♠ Give the person a cool drink,as stated above for Heat Cramps, increase cooling of the body by spraying with water. Fanning the body also help the cooling process.

♠ Monitor person's symptoms til medical help arrives.

Heat and cold weather injuries

view quiz statistics

Heat Stroke

Signs and Symptoms of Heat Stroke

Heat Stroke is a condition where the body's cooling mechanism has failed due to high heat exposure. Also excessive sweating and the loss of fluids elevated core temperatures above 104°F. Heatstroke occurs more rapidly with people who are engaged in work or other physical activity in a high heat environment.

Heat Stroke Symptoms (most severe) may Include reddish-dry skin, confusion, dizziness, pupils constricted, headaches, stroke like symptoms may occur, seizures, cramps, stomach pains and Unconsciousness and collapse may occur. These are only a few of the symptoms i have mentioned. Please ask your nurse or doctor for complete list of symptoms and care.

Symptoms are almost the same for Heat Exhaustion and Heat Stroke. Here are some ways to identify, in most cases, between the two injuries:

Heat Exhaustion º Moist and clammy skin º Pupils Dilated º Subnormal Body Temperature

Heat Stroke °Dry and Hot Skin º Pupils Constricted º High Body Temperature

First Aid:

♥ Call 911 for medical assistance

Start cooling off person by moving them to a shady area or improvised shelter.

♥ Elevate the legs

♥ If available, place ice packs to the head, neck and groin areas. Fanning the person may helps when ice packs are not available.

♥ Have person, if conscious, sip cool water.

♥ Spray the casualties body with water, if available.

♥ loosen clothes and remove footwear.


Heat Injuries Hiking Backpacking Outdoors

Heat injuries are environmental injuries. They can be prevented:

o Stay well hydrated

o Wear light and loose fitting clothing.

o If on medications, check with your doctor to see if your medication will increase the chances of a heat injury.

o Avoid strenuous activity during the hottest part of the day

o Acclimatize to the area of interest.

o If you start to feel minor symptoms, STOP all activities and cool down.

Heat Injuries

Heat Injuries
Heat Cramps
Less Severe
Muscle Cramps
Heat Exhaustion
More Severe
Pupils Dilated, cool skin,
Heat Stroke
Most Severe
Pupils Constricted, Dry Skin

Heat Casualty Outdoors Hiking Injuries

In all, always seek medical help and advice from a professional. I am not in the medical field or claim to be. Information on this blog comes personal experiences, combat life savers training and Research. GetOutdoors, Be Safe and Happy Trails.

Survival Bug Out Prepper

If you had to choose one person to guide on your next adventure, who would that be?

See results

Explore Hawaii


    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    • gohuntgame profile imageAUTHOR


      3 years ago from South Texas

      @tirelesstraveler thanks for the comment. I think the heat is everywhere. I usually wait to drink water until im thirsty and thats also not good. Thanks again and stay hydrated.

    • tirelesstraveler profile image

      Judy Specht 

      3 years ago from California

      Valuable information. It has been unusally hot where I live the last two weeks. Headaches and hunger frequently are the indictors that I am headed for trouble. The reminder to stay hydrated is important in sever heat. Thank you.


    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at:

    Show Details
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the or domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)