Historic Facts of The Game of Golf
Gentlemen Golfers 1744
1744 Original Rules of Golf
The Beginning of Golf
Oh, how times have changed! From wooden balls to featherie balls to today's dimpled golf balls!
Whoever would believe the game golf was banned in Scotland, the birthplace of golf? But that happened in 1457, 1470, and 1491 by King James himself. And he made it official in his proclamation titled "On This Day." You might ask why the King would do that? Well, in the 15th century, the military needed to be trained and ready at all times. It was also compulsory that males over the age of 12 were to be schooled accordingly.
The archers were beginning to neglect their training and practice by playing golf. Then with the invention of gunpowder at the ends of the 15th century, archers were obsolete.
Of note is that there was another ban of golf, this time was much later and in Albany, New York. In 1650 at Ft. Orange, N.Y., the Dutch settlers called gulf," and they played in the streets of the village, making it hazardous to the settlers, and windows were broken. So, an official ordinance was enacted banning golf in the streets.
It is believed that Hugh Kennedy of Ardstincher was Scotland's first golfer. Kennedy was excommunicated as a priest, then a mercenary and was Joan of Arc's Scottish captain. He was also skilled in the game of golf. Together with Kennedy were Robert Stewart and John Smale, who was credited with the game of golf in Scotland.
Mary, Queen of Scots, was out playing golf soon after her husband was murdered. She was, after all, a free spirit. She loved and rode horses like a man and played golf often. She had been schooled in France, where the cadets served the royals carrying their clubs. Thus, she is credited with the word "caddie," and she became known as the "Mother of Golf."
There was a publicity stunt in Florida that an elephant was used as a caddie when President Warren G. Harding played in Miami Beach.
Mary, Queen of Scots
Rosie, the Elephant Caddie
Rosie, the elephant, was used as President William G. Harding's caddie while playing golf in Miami Beach, Florida. It was a publicity gimmick for Carl Fisher, a developer there.
It was a bonanza for further development in Florida, and newspapers all over the country jumped on the promotion.
Wonder if they ever used a crocodile?
On This Day Proclamation
Gentlemen Golfers of 1744
The Gentlemen Golfers, later known as the Honourable Company of Edinburgh Golfers while playing at Leith Links, drafted the First 13 Rules for Golf. The original list is preserved at the National Library of Scotland in Edinburgh, U.K.
John Rattray was elected as the 'Captain of the Golf" and signed the very first rules. There were 12 players drafting these rules for playing golf.
John Rattray, Captain of the Golf
Leith Links, Scotland, 1744
The Apple Tree Gang
The Apple Tree Gang
Formed in 1888 in New York by John Reid after his boyhood friend, Robert Lockart, gave him some golf equipment. It seems Lockhart had some golf equipment sent to him from Old Tom Morris and his shop consisting of two dozen gutta-percha golf balls and six clubs which he gave to Reid.
Reid and five of his friends laid out three short holes across from his home in Yonkers, New York. By the year's end, they formed the St. Andrew's Club, which soon became a nine-hole golf course. They named it St. Andrew's Club after the famous Scottish Club but added an apostrophe.
Can you imagine if the equipment and rules were used by today's golfers?
Five Oldest Golf Courses
Here is a list of the Five Oldest Courses:
Royal Aberdeen, Scotland
Musselburgh, Old Links
Royal North Devon, England
St. Andrews, Old Course, oldest in the world
Oldest Golf Courses in America
Listed here are the oldest golf courses in America
Oak Hurst, W. Virginia
Dorset Field Club, Vermont
Shinnecock Hills, New York
Downers Grove, Illinois
The CountryClub, Massachusetts
Newport Countryy Club, Rhode Island
Chicago Golf Club, Illinois
St. Andrew's Golf Club, New York
British Golf Museum, St. Andrews, Scotland
UGA Museum, Fair Hills, New Jersey
World Golf Hall of Fame, St. Augustine, Florida
Canadian Golf Hall of Fame, Oakville, Ontario
American Golf Hall of Fame, Foxburg, Pennsylvania
Historic Years of Golf
1457-1491 Golf banned in Scotland by King James
1560 Mary Queen of Scots, "Mother of Golf."
1618 Featherie golf ball used
1641 King Charles plays golf
1658 Golf banned in Albany, New York
1744 Gentlemen Golfers formed
1744 First 13 Rules of Golf
1764 St. Andrews, Scotland enlarged to 18 holes
1786 Charleston Golf Club, Charleston, S.C
1888 St. Andrew's Golf Club, New York
1888 Apple Tree Gang
1897 Golf Magazine published in the USA
1900 Olympic Games, winner of men's, Charles Sands
Olympic Games, Women's, Margaret Abbot
1900 Rubber Golf Balls invented
1905 Dimples on golf balls
1929 PGA Formed
1933 Agusta Golf Club opens
1951 PGA Women's Golf