ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

Behind the Scenes of Base Jumping

Updated on June 10, 2013

A short glimpse of BASE Jumping

BASE Jumping ...

... is an extreme sport where the pilot jumps off a solid object. The thrill behind it is the close distance to the earth and the perfection each and every task has to be done. Despite the major belief BASE Jumpers aren't weary of life (okay I wouldn't trust everyone that much).

BASE Jumpers have a very life-affirming mindset which allows them to go further and beyond their mental limitations. Every step and task is properly planned and performed. After a successful BASE Jump the feeling of "being alive" is as great as it can be, as you would likely understand.

Source

The Meaning of BASE

The word BASE in Base Jumping is an acronym for:

  • Building
  • Antenna
  • Span
  • Earth

These objects have to be successfully basejumped in order to get the desired unique BASE number.

How BASE Jumping is done (theoretically)

Note: This is an informational piece of content only. Don't try this at home. Or at mountains, bridges, rocks, houses, etc.


The main necessity of every BASE Jumper is an object where he jumps off. Preferably high objects are chosen, such as cliffs and antennas. The most important key factors in BASE Jumping are:

  • BASE Parachute System
  • Wind Direction and Speed
  • Object itself

BASE Parachute System

The parachute which is used for BASE Jumping is very different compared to a skydiving model. As the pilot has simply one chance to successfully open his parachute the main priority is that this actually happens very certainly. Therefore some modifications are applied to how the parachute is folded, packed and prepared to open.

To safe some place in the gear a BASE Jumping gear doesn't have any rescue parachute. This is only available for skydivers who would have the time to drop the main parachute and pull the rescue one.

For a further read I recommend http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Skydiving

Wind Direction and Speed

BASE Jumpers more or less jump into a non-resistent airspace. If you think of an flying airplane where skydivers jump out from, the pilots will all have the same speed. So when jumping out of that airplane they are immediately supported by the air resistance which will help them to maneuver.

BASE Jumpers don't have that benefit so they have to perform a much more stable drop off. Furthermore they have to make sure that the wind is blowing off the obstacle they are jumping from.

Object itself

It does make the difference of life and death if the object the pilot is choosing isn't suitable for base jumping. Very common obstacles are:

  • Rocks (like in Norway)
  • Bridges (Golden Gate Bridge)
  • Antennas
  • Cliffs
  • Jesus Statue in Rio de Janeiro
  • Skyscrapers

History

Carl Boenish was the driver behind contemporary BASE leaping, and in 1978, he shot the first BASE leaps to be made making use of ram-air parachutes and the freefall monitoring strategy (from El Capitan, in Yosemite National Park). While BASE jumps had actually been made prior to that time, the El Capitan task was the efficient birth of exactly what is now called BASE leaping. BASE leaping is substantially more harmful than comparable sports such as skydiving from plane, and is presently related to by numerous as a fringe severe sport or stunt.

BASE numbers are granted to those who have actually made a minimum of one jump from each of the 4 classifications (structures, antennas, periods and earth). When Phil Smith and Phil Mayfield leapt together from a Houston high-rise building on 18 January 1981, they became the first to obtain the unique BASE numbers (BASE # 1 and # 2, respectively), having currently leapt from an antenna, periods, and earthen items.

Jean and Carl Boenish got BASE numbers 3 and 4 right after. A different "award" was quickly enacted for Night BASE leaping when Mayfield finished each classification in the evening, becoming Night BASE # 1, with Smith certifying a couple of weeks later on.

Throughout the very early eighties, almost all BASE jumps were used basic skydiving devices, consisting of 2 parachutes (primary and reserve), and deployment parts. In the future, specialized devices and strategies were established particularly for the special demands of BASE leaping.

Safety

No matter how careful Base Jumpers treat their hobby, there's always a risk of fatal injuries. BASE Jumping is an extreme sport and every one of them has made their decision to do it.

Needless to say it is not recommended to newbies who have no experience in proper skydiving or wingsuit flying at all.

Is BASE Jumping just for fun?

Yes, mainly it is. But not just for that. Recently Red Bull and the Austrian BASE Jumper Felix Baumgartner took an important step towards testing skydiving behaviour from the stratosphere into the atmosphere. These experiment was also very important for airspace safety systems to evolve towards more save equipment.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Space_diving

Red Bull Stratos

Comments

    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    No comments yet.

    working

    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, hubpages.com uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at: https://hubpages.com/privacy-policy#gdpr

    Show Details
    Necessary
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the googleapis.com or gstatic.com domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Features
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Marketing
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Statistics
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)