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Updated on June 25, 2009




Created by Pierre de Coubertin in 1914, the Olympic flag contains five interconnected rings on a white background. The five rings symbolize the five significant continents and are interconnected to symbolize the friendship to be gained from these international competitions. The rings, from left to right, are blue, yellow, black, green, and red. The colors were chosen because at least one of them appeared on the flag of every country in the world. The Olympic flag was first flown during the 1920 Olympic Games.



In 1921, Pierre de Coubertin, founder of the modern Olympic Games, borrowed a Latin phrase from his friend, Father Henri Didon, for the Olympic motto: Citius, Altius, Fortius (“Swifter, Higher, and Stronger”).



Pierre de Coubertin wrote on oath for the athletic to recite at each Olympic Games. During the opening ceremonies, one athlete recites the oath on behalf of all the athlets. The Olympic oath was first taken during the 1920 Olympic Games by Belgian fencer victor Boin. The Olympic Oath states, “In the name of all competitors, I promise that we shall take part in these Olympic Games, respecting and abiding by the rules that govern them, in the true spirit of sportsmanship, for the glory of sport and the honor of our teams.”


Pierre de Coubertin got the idea for this phrase from a speech given by Bisop Ethelbert Talbot at a service for olympic champions during the 1908 Olympic Games. The Olympic creed reads: “The most important thing in the Olympic Games is not to win but to take part, just as the most important thing in life is not the triumph but the struggle. The essential thing is not to have conqured but to have fought well.


The Olympic flame is a practice continued from the ancient Olymoic Games. In Olympia (Greece), a flame was ignited by the sun and then kept burning until the closing of the Olympic Games. The flame first appeared in the modern Olymoic at the 1928 Olympic Games in Amsterdam. The flame itself represents a number of things, including purity and the endevour for perfection. In 1936, the chairman of the organizing committee for the 1936 Olympic Games, Carl Diem, suggested what is now the modern olymic torch relay. The Olympic flame is lit at the ancient site of Olmpia bywomen wearing ancient style robes and using a curved mirror and the sun. The Olympic Torch is then passed from runner to runner from the ancient site of Olmpia to the Olympic stadium in the hosting city. The flame is then kept alight until the games have concluded. The Olympic Torch relay represents a continuation from the ancient Olympic Games to the modern Olypmics.


The Olympic Hymm, played whenthe olympic Flag is raise , was composed by Spyros Samaras and the words added by Kostis Palamas. The olympic Hymm was first played at the 1896 Olympic Games in Athens but wasn’t declared the official hymm by the IOC until 1957.


The Olympic medals are designed espicially for each individual Olympic Games by the host city’s organizing committee. Each medal must be at least three millimeters thick and 60 millimeters in diameter. Also, the gold and silver Olymoic medals must be made of 92.5 percent silver, with the gold medal covered in six grames of gold.

The first opening ceremonies:

The first opening ceremonies were held during the 1908 Olympic Games in London.


When choosing locations for the Olympic Games, the IOC specially gives the honour of holding the games to a city rather than a country.


Women were first allowed to participate in1900 at the second modern Olypmic Games.


An Olympiad is a peroid of four successive years. The Olympic Games celebrate each Olympiad. For the modern Olympic Games, the first Olympiad celebration was held in 1896. After every four years celebrates another Olympiad; thus, even the games that were cancelled (1916, 1940, and 1944) count as Olympiads. The 2004 Olympic Games in Athens was called the games of the XXVII Olympiad.


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