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Learning The Basics of Boxing

Updated on September 24, 2013

The Art of Self Defense

Hand wraps are very important because they protect the knuckles, hand and wrist during  sparring or competition. Also, wrap your hands before a HeavyBag workout to prevent wrist and knuckle injuries.
Hand wraps are very important because they protect the knuckles, hand and wrist during sparring or competition. Also, wrap your hands before a HeavyBag workout to prevent wrist and knuckle injuries. | Source
The fundamentals of boxing are important to learn. The jab, strait right and left hook are the three must know basic punches in prizefighting.
The fundamentals of boxing are important to learn. The jab, strait right and left hook are the three must know basic punches in prizefighting. | Source
Lennox Lewis controlled Mike Tyson with his masterful jab.  You should not paw with the jab but rather snap it out. Also, mix it up so the opponent can not time your jab.
Lennox Lewis controlled Mike Tyson with his masterful jab. You should not paw with the jab but rather snap it out. Also, mix it up so the opponent can not time your jab. | Source
Felix Trinidad lands a big right hand on William Joppy. Lesson learned here: Keep your hands up at all times.
Felix Trinidad lands a big right hand on William Joppy. Lesson learned here: Keep your hands up at all times. | Source

Footwork

Footwork is the most important part of your game because balance and leverage come from footwork. When using footwork always slightly bend at your knees with your feet at least 2 feet apart. When advancing move your left foot or lead foot forward. When moving backwards make sure your right foot goes first followed by your left or lead foot. Proper balance is a must in this sport for defense, offense and getting in and out of punching range. When throwing left hooks your lead foot will pivot allowing for more power from the punch. Learning distance with your feet is more important than having distance with your arms or fists. Some of the best boxers in history used their feet as much if not more than their fists to obtain victory. Fighters such as Muhammad Ali, Willie Pep, Sugar Ray Leonard and Pernell Whitaker all used fancy foot work to baffle and out maneuver their adversary. Having proper balance will help you to avoid off balance knock downs. When moving forward always move your left leg first and allow your right leg to catch up. In your stance always keep at your feet around shoulder width or so. Remember if your feet get tangled up and you fall a referee will call it a knockdown if punches were being tossed around. Footwork and a solid jab will win many fights even if that is your only skills because those are the top two skills you want to possess.

Basic Defense

1. Protect yourself at all times. This is the most basic rule in the sport and sometimes when a prizefighter breaks this golden rule they end up on the canvas.

2. Keep your hands up to your chin. Always keep your chin tucked down. Like the saying goes, Chin down, eyes up.

3. Keep your elbows tucked in to your sides. This will help to defend against body shots which can end a bout at any time.

4. Keep your eyes on your opponents gloves at all times to anticipate his punches. When the gloves move or the chest muscles move then you bob. Perpetual motion on defense has a great deal to do with anticipation.

5. Stay Relaxed at all times. Being relaxed helps you to roll with the punches and besides a tight boxer is cruisin for a bruisin as they say.

6. Move your upper body side to side but never backwards when dodging punches.

7. To parry a punch is to simply catch a shot with your own glove or knock it away with an open glove.

8. Keep your mouth closed tight on your mouth piece at all times during action which will help prevent a broken jaw.

9. Keep chin tucked in and your eyes on your opponent at all times. The top two knockout spots are the temple and the point of the chin.

10. Always see every punch being thrown at you. It is much easier to absorb hard shots if you can see them coming.

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Jab

The jab or stick is used for both offense and defense.In general the stick should make up around 70-80 percent of all thrown punches. It scores points, deflects incoming shots and sets up other punches. Many fights are won or lost based on which man can control the bout with his jab.A few important steps when throwing a jab are:

1. When throwing a jab, it is important to make sure your elbows are tucked in close to your body and your fists are up to your chin.

2. Be sure and keep your legs slightly bent at the knees and keep your feet slightly separated to maintain balance.

3. When throwing the jab throw it straight out but, make sure and bring it right back to an on guard position.Never leave the stick dangling out. Always snap it out and back to on guard position.

4. When throwing double and triple jabs be sure to mix it up to keep your opponent confused. Also, make sure and bring your arm back into position after each shot to avoid getting caught over your jab with counter punches.

Training Equipment For Boxing

Head Gear
Boxing Gloves
Mouth Guard
Jump Rope
Speed Bag
Reflex Bag
Heavy Bag
Double End Bag
Hand Wraps
Uppercut Bag
Punch Mitts
Body Shield
12 Important Items For a Complete Boxing Exercise

Strait Right and The Left Hook

After throwing the jab you should throw the right hand as your jab is reaching on guard position. This basic combination is called the 1-2. After landing the jab and the right hand it's important to follow through with the left hook or else to return to the on guard position. When throwing the right hand it is important to put your body in it. Twisting your weight and pivoting your right ankle. When committing to a left hook keep your right hand glued to your face.The shorter the hook the better. Always bring your guard back into place after throwing any punch or combination of punches. Always bring your jab back as you twist your shoulder and snap out the right. The shorter the shot the more damage it will do. Always twist your wrist and knuckles at the point of impact when throwing the right hand.

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© 2013 Buster Johnson

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    • CraftytotheCore profile image

      CraftytotheCore 3 years ago

      Leslie, I've seen you around HubPages and have been meaning to chat with you! I love boxing. My grandfather taught me how to box when I was younger. I'm in CT. At age 14, he wanted to fight in a new boxing club that was being set up in New London, CT at Ocean Beach. That would have made it around 1941. He never got the chance. He trained for a while and then started driving truck to deliver potatoes to Providence, RI, putting boyish things behind.

      I know that a fight club did come about. There was a boxer that opened a restaurant in New London. His name was Huey. He became famous for his Love Salad. If you google Huey's love salad, you'll find that other restaurants took over his recipe after he closed his restaurant doors about a decade ago I think.

      I would love to read a Hub on the Ocean Beach fight club and learn about the history behind the boxers here locally. If you would do the honors of writing that, I would be so pleased.

      At the town's 4th of July parade every year, a car drives in the parade with the words "Fight Club" on the side, but they aren't local. They are about an hour away.

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